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KPK Khyber Pakhtunkhwa formerly known as the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan, located in the north-west of the country. Pashtun culture is based on Pashtunwali, which is an ancient way of life, as well as speaking of the Pashto language and wearing Pashtun dresses.
Area: 74,521 sq.km
Population: 20,215,000 Estimated
Density: 259 Sq. km
HISTORY OF KPK
The Greek geographer and chronicle Hecataeus of Miletus writing in 500 B.C., the historian Herodotus (485 B.C-425 B.C.), and the campaigns of Alexander, a long history of civilizations unfolds amongst the ageless contours of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
The Afghan War
During the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan (1979–1989), the North-West Frontier Province served as a major supply base for the Mujahideen who fought the Soviets during the 1980s.
A semi-nomadic people of Central Asia, whose main occupation was cattle-raising, came to South Asia between 800 B.C. to 200 B.C. and settled along the Indus.
Book of the Aryans, mentions the Pukhtuns as Pakhtu and Paktium because of their affiliations with Paktia, a province of Afghanistan.
Culture consists of the beliefs, behaviors, objects, and other characteristics common to the members of a particular group or society. Through culture, people and groups define themselves, conform to society's shared values, and contribute to society.
FESTIVALS, SPECIAL EVENTS & TRADATIONS
In 2010 the name of the province was changed to "Khyber Pakhtunkhwa". Protests arose among the local Hindkowan, Chitrali, Kohistani and Kalash populations over the name change, as they began to demand their own provinces. Seven people were killed and 100 injured in protests on 11 April 2011. The Awami National Party sought[when?] to rename the province "Pakhtunkhwa", which translates to "Land of Pakhtuns" in the Pashto language.
Nature has gifted Khyber Pakhtunkhwa with rich cultural and tourism friendly environment. It has the potential of becoming a big tourist attraction in the world, due to its scenic beauty, geographical location, climate and natural resources.
The total area of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is (100200 sq.km) 74521 km2
• Northern Zone: A mountainous region full of natural picturesque having 5 small and big rivers.
• Mid Part: It comprises of Peshawar Valley, a seat of different civilizations.
• Southern Zone: Rugged dry hills and vast gravelly plains with patches of alluvial agri fields.
The world famous Kalash People live in the three valleys of Birir, Bumburet and Rambur. The Kalash are an ancient tribe and have a religion and a culture of their own.
Close to the Chakdara Fort, a picket crowns the hillock towards the west. This is known as the Churchill Picket because Winston Churchill came here during the Pathan Revolt of 1879. This place was used by him for sending reports. He was then a war correspondent.
A forest around Malakand gives a very refreshing view. Malakand is a fertile valley surrounded by hills moderately cold in winter and pleasant in summer.
Kalam is the main town of Swat Kohistan. It is about 40 km north of Bahrain.Beautiful valleys of Ushu (2286 m), Utrot (2225 m) and Gabral (2550 m) are accessible from here through thick pine forests.
The region of Hazara is like a door to heaven, opening up to visitors a world replete with natural beauty.It is strategically located between the Northern Areas, Azad Kashmir, Punjab and the rest of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Hill stations collectively known as the Gallis and the Kaghan valley are the best known parts of Hazara.
This museum is situated between Mingora and Saidu Sharif. The archaeological finds belong to Gandhara Buddhist art of Swat. The samples of local embroidery, jewelry and carved wood objects are on display.
The beautifully proportioned Mahabat Khan Mosque is at the top of the hill on the fight; a narrow gateway between the jewellary shops leads onto its large courtyard. Built in the 1670s, the Mughal mosque is orthodox in design, with an ablution pond in the middle of the open courtyard.
The Khyber Railway from Peshawar to Landi Kotal is, for rail enthusiasts, a three-star attraction. It has 34 tunnels, which add up to five km of darkness, as there are no lights on the train, and crosses 92 bridges and culverts.
This place is famous for its specialized bazaars as well as its name is said to have come from the old caravans passing by this place and narrating their journeys to those present and other caravans.
Pashto is spoken as a first language by 15.5% (28-30 millions) of Pakistanis, mostly in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and in Balochistana as well.
The Pashto has rich written literary traditions as well as an oral tradition.
There are two major dialect patterns within which the various individual dialects may be classified;
These are Pakhto, which is the Northern (Peshawar) variety, and the softer Pashto spoken in the southern areas.
LITREATURE PASHTO POETS
Some noteable poets from the region of kpk include:
Amir karori suri
Khushal Khan Khatak
Ahmed Shah Durrani
Khushal Khan Khattak
Traditional male dress is qmis, a loose-fitting shirt that reaches to the knees, and shalwar. Footwear consists of chaplay, thick leather shoes. Wear pagray, turbans. Long strips of cotton cloth are wound around the head.Usually men also wear a long, wide piece of cloth called a chadar on their shoulders.women wear baggy trousers, a long shirt belted with a sash. Wear pashto chapal.
Pashtun are strongly influenced by the rich cultural surroundings of the region. It is a population of hardworking and devoted individuals who value the importance of a good eating. One of the most famous dishes includes tikkah,serge,sugi ka halwa,kawa,chapali kabab,kabala palao,special long naans. And many more.
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is not famous just for its natural beauty, but also for its handicraft work. The products of KPK are very famous all over the country, and also exported to the other countries. Handmade products that include, woodwork, chappal making, stones jewelry , vessels of brass and copper, fine hand woven, woolen fabrics, leather work, hand knotted rugs, carpets, caps made of mountain sheep wool etc
FOLK MUSIC & DANCES
Traditional Pashto music is mostly classic ghazals, using rubab or sitar, tabla, portable harmonium, flute and several other musical instruments. Pashtoons are known the world over for their primitive pagan traditions and their love for dances such as Kalash dance, group dance with swords known as Khattak Dance, Hunza Dance, Lakhtai dance etc.
Cricket is the main sport played in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. It has created world-class sportsmen like Shahid Khan Afridi,Younus Khan, and many more. Besides producing cricket players, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has the honour of being the birthplace of many world-class squash players, including greats like Jansher Khan and Jahangir Khan.Some Pashtuns participate in buzkashi, which is a sport introduced in the region during the Mughal era..
Gham khadi,Wada Koidana,Topak tamacha,hujra,kat bistara along with those is the arrival of Sparlay or Spring, known as Nava Wroz (New Day), is also celebrated by some Pashtuns. It is an ancient annual Pashtun festival which celebrates both the beginning of spring and the New Year.
Culture Of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
ALEXANDER THE GREAT
MAHABAT KHAN MOSQUE
The Khyber Pass begins about 10 miles outside the Pakistani city of Peshawar in the northwest frontier province and ends on the Afghan border at Torkham.The pass, which narrows at one point to 200 yards, reaches an altitude of 3,500 feet.
KHYBER STEAM SAFRI
QISSA KHWANI BAZAR
Khushal Khan Khattak was the chief of the Khattak tribe, and also a great warrior poet. He wrote excellent poetry in Pashto about things such as unity, honor, war, love, and everyday life. He also wrote about philosophy and ethics. His poetry is still widely read.