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Transcript of Catholic Reformation
- How? 1540: Approved Formation of the Jesuits - Religious order, headed by Ignatius Loyola
- 3 Goals: 1. Education
3. Stopping Protestantism 1542: Began the Roman Inquisition - So, what was the Roman Inquisition??? - A system of courts, set up by Paul III,
whose purpose was to root out protestantism
from Italy... Very successful
- "Grand Inquisitor" of the Roman Inquisitionwas Cardinal Carafa (eventually became Pope Paul IV) 1559: Index of Forbidden Books - Aimed at discouraging Protestantism
- Protestant bibles among the list of
forbidden books 1543-1563: Council of Trent - What did you get from that?
- What did Luther have to do with
the Church? - The Council of Trent was a meeting
designed to REFORM the Catholic Church
- aimed at repairing what Luther pointed
out as bad (because a lot of people
agreed with him) WITHOUT changing
the beliefs of the Church. - Four major reforms... The first reform:
The Church's interpretation of the bible
is the ONLY interpretation. - Begins 1540 with formation
of the Jesuit order
- Council of Trent (1545-1563)
is the central event of the
reformation 1. The Church's interpretation of the
Bible was final... Any other interpretations
were considered heretical. - What does this mean? 2. Christians needed faith AND good works
- What did Luther have to say about
- What are "good works"? 3. The Bible AND Church Tradition are equally
powerful authorities for Christian life.
- What does "Church Tradition" mean?
- How does this contrast with Protestant views? - What are these seven pictures representing? 4. Indulgences and other symbolic church practices
(e.g., worship of Mary and the Saints; pilgrimages) were re-affirmed as valid, BUT false or corrupt practices were forbidden.