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Total physical response

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Ghada El Kissi

on 5 November 2013

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Transcript of Total physical response

Methods in the comprehension approach emphasize the importance of listening on language development, and do not require spoken output in the early stages of learning. In total physical response, students are not forced to speak. Instead, teachers wait until students acquire Total physical response is an example of the comprehension approach to language teaching. enough language through listening that they start to speak spontaneously. At the beginning stages of instruction students can respond to the instructor in their native language.
While the majority of class time in total physical response is spent on listening comprehension, the ultimate goal of the method is to develop oral fluency.
Asher sees developing listening comprehension skills as the most efficient way of developing spoken language skills.

1) objectives:
The general objectives of Total Physical Response are to teach oral proficiency at a beginning level. Comprehension is a means to an end, and the ultimate aim is to teach basic speaking skills. A TPR course aims to produce learners who are capable of an uninhibited commu­nication that is intelligible to a native speaker
*Advantages and disadvantages of TPR:

TPR is based on the premise that the human brain has a biological program for acquiring any natural language on earth - including the sign language of the deaf. The process is visible when we observe how infants internalize their first language.

A) Definition the term Total Physical Response (TPR):


Total physical response
B) Design:
learning activities
roles of learners
roles of teachers
teaching materials

C) Advantages & Disadvantages :
D) Conclusion :
*Total Physical Response (TPR):
is a language teaching method developed by
, a professor of psychology at San José state University.
In TPR instructors give commands to students in the target language and students respond with whole body actions

The method is an example of the comprehension approach to language teaching. Listening serves two purposes; it is both a means of understanding messages in the language being learned, and a means of learning the structure of the language itself.

Total physical response is often used alongside other methods and techniques. It is popular with beginners and with young learners, although it can be used with students of all levels and all age groups.
Asher developed TPR as a result of his experiences observing young children learning their first language. He noticed that interactions between parents and children often took the form of speech from the parent followed by a physical response from the child. Asher made three hypotheses based on his observations:
1)that language is learned primarily by listening
2)that language learning must engage the right hemisphere of the brain
3), that learning language should not involve any stress.
* Reduction of stress:
is an important condition for successful learning , language acquisition shoud takes place in Stress-free eviorement
focusing on meaning interpreted through movement, rather than on language forms
the learner is said to be liberated from self_conscious and stressful situations
2) syllabus:
a course designed around TPR principles would not be expected to follow a TPR syllabus exclusively, and Asher himself suggested that TPR should be used in association with other methods and techniques. In terms of the theoretical basis of the approach, the idea of listening preceding production and learners only being required to speak when they are ready to do so closely resembles elements of Stephen Krashen’s Natural Approach.
*learning activities :
"let us practise
using italian language
Mettiamo in pratica
con lingua italiana"
Roles of Teachers:
* The teacher gives a command and in the target
language and performs the action with the student.
*Roles of learners:
*Roles of materias:
Teaching materials are not compulsory, and for the very first lessons they may not be used.
As students progress in ability the teacher may begin to use objects found in the classroom such as furniture or books, and later may use word charts, pictures, and realia.
Thinking about the experience :
Command ( in the imperative)
The teacher
*Learners observe, listen attentively and respond physically to commands given by the teacher
represent the command while acting out

It is fun and easy
It does not require a great deal of preparation on the part of the teacher.
It is a good tool for learning vocabulary.
Class size does not need to be a problem.
There is no age barrier.


It is not a very creative method. Students are not given the opportunity to express their own views and thoughts in a creative way.
It is easy to overuse TPR.
It is limited, since everything cannot be explained with this method. It must be combined with other approaches.


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