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Transcript of Strep Throat
http://www.emedicinehealth.com/strep_throat/page3_em.htmhttp://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/FastFacts/pdfs/streptococcosis_F.pdfhttp://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/history/leeuwenhoek.htmlhttp://discovery.yukozimo.com/who-discovered-strep-throat/http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001663/ Streptococcal pharyngitis Strep Throat Presenters:
Colby Wolk Strep Throat Strep is contagious up to
24-48 hours after taking antibiotics
Wash hands- sneezing, coughing, shaking hands helps spread! Touching objects.
Avoid close contact
Stay home: school, daycare, work, etc.
New tooth brush
Check for "Strep carriers" Prevention! Antibiotics
Relieving symptoms 48-72 hours
Treat existing infection and prevent more serious illnesses ( ear or sinus infections, rheumatic fever)
Amoxicillin, pennicillin Mechanism
Home Remedies: Hot tea/ warm honey, gargle salt water, throat lozenges, over the counter pain meds (NSAID's, Acetaminophen) Treatment Strep Throat has been successfully treated with antibiotics
Main research involves strep-test efficacy
Strep A Fluorescent Immunoassay Analyzer
(compared to culture) Research Streptococcal pharyngitis * Some reports suggest that over 600 million cases of strep throat occur annually worldwide.
* 189 cases of invasive GAS disease (3.6 per 100,000), including 21 deaths, were reported in 2009.
* Ages of cases ranged from 4 days to 94 years
* Fifty-eight percent of the cases were residents of the metropolitan area.
* 45% of cases had further complications that didn’t involve bacterium nor infection
* The deaths occurred in persons ranging in age from 1 month to 89 years. Many of these cases had healthcare complications with diabetes and cardiovascular disease . -Flesh eating bacteria caused by Streptococcus pyogenes a Group A Streptococcus bacteria
- Gram postive bacteria Generic Name:
erythromycin (ERYC, Ery-Tab)
penicillin Common Antibiotics Discovery -Anton Van Leeuwemhoek in the 17th century
-He was the first to use microscopes to view microorganisms from his Father’s basket shop. Host -Mostly affect humans
- Children 5-7 years old are at high risk
-Carriers test positive for the bacteria but can show no symptoms
- Horses, guinea pigs, swine, dogs, cats, and fish more commonly get it.
- It is rare in Monkeys, cattle, sheep, goats
- Dogs can contract the strep throat from humans, but humans cannot receive it from dogs. - It is not location specific, anyone can be infected.
-Schools and work where people are in close proximity to one another Epidemiology How many people are infected annually? What conditions exist in this area that may promote bacterial growth? * Growth occurs in the moist confines of the pharynx.
* The moisture and temperature aid in the incubation of the Streptococcus bacteria. 1. Sore throat is due to strep throat. False, there are many bacteria that cause sore throat, but strep is caused by Streptococcal bacteria. Also, sore throat can be caused by viral infections.
2. The symptoms for a bad cold are the same as strep throat symptoms. False symptoms such as coughing, sneezing or a runny/stuffy nose usually indicate that strep throat is not present. Throat infection with strep bacteria can cause a variety of symptoms associated with inflammation of the throat and its nearby structures.
3. Tonsils have no purpose. False, tonsils to intercept germs as they enter the body through the nose and throat. They contain infection-fighting cells and antibodies (infection-fighting proteins in the body) that stop the spread of the germs further into the body. Common misconceptions: * http://www.medicinenet.com/strep_streptococcal_throat_infection_quiz/faq.htm * http://www.medicinenet.com/sore_throat_pictures_slideshow/article.htm * http://www.medicinenet.com/strep_throat/article.htm
http://image.made-in-china.com/2f0j00svcQiyIqCbpG/Strep-A-Rapid-Test-Kit.jpg Sources •A contagious illness
•Spread from person to person
•When a person infected with strep throat breathes, coughs, or sneezes, tiny droplets containing the strep bacteria are released into the air and are breathed in by other people
•Most commonly seen in situations where people are in close proximity of one another How Strep Throat is Spread •Symptoms appear within 2-5 days after coming into contact with an infected person
•Strep throat usually goes away in about 3-7 days with or without antibiotics
•If not treated with antibiotics, the person will continue to be contagious for 2-3 weeks, even if symptoms are not present What Happens Next… •There are two types of Strep that commonly affects humans.
•Group A Strep causes:
Scarlett Fever – red rash on the body
Impetigo – a skin infection
Toxic Shock Syndrome
•Group B Strep causes:
•Other types of strep that can infect the throat are Group C and G strep bacteria. These can sometimes lead to different, more serious illnesses. Different Types 2 Methods of Testing:
•Rapid Strep Test-
A clean swab rubs over the back of the throat around the tonsils and over any red or sore areas.After taking a sample, it takes about 10-20 minutes for test results to come in.If positive, further testing is not needed. If test proves negative and symptoms show otherwise, a throat culture is performed
The doctor will swab a sample of cells from the back of your throat. The sample will then go into a special culture where the strep bacteria can grow over time and confirm results. A throat culture is more accurate, but the test results take longer to come in (approximately 2-3 days) Diagnosis ?