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Management concept and basic structures
Transcript of Management concept and basic structures
Objective and Goal Planning
Objective and Goal Attainment and Evaluation
Implementation Characateristics of Management 1.Universal Process - Management is a universal process which is applied in all types of organization. 2. Integrative Process
- Management is the integration and coordination of human and physical resources in a manner that it leads to effective performance 3. Dynamic Function
- Management is a dynamic function of organizations and enterprise 4. Social Process
- Management is a social process as it primarily deals w/ emotional/dynamic and sensitive human beings 5. Management makes things happen
- Management is the art of getting things done through people 6. Management is a multi-faceted discipline
- Management deal with heterogeneous resources. Their performance depends upon the proper knowledge and skill of various discipline 7. Intangible Force
- It is a social skill which cannot be seen with the eyes but is evidenced by the quality and level of an organization Management as a Science -because it has an organized body of knowledge which is based on facts and certain universal truth Management as an art -because certain skills for good management are unique to individuals Functions of management 1. Planning -method of looking ahead in order to meet work requirements and to reduce the amount of mental efforts required while the work is being done. Planning includes the following:
determination of objectives
search of alternative sources of action and their evaluation
drawing policies and procedures
budgeting 2. Organizing -grouping together of men and establishing relationships among them. Process of Organizing:
Determination of objectives
Division of activities
Fitting individuals to specific jobs
Developing relationships in terms of authorities and responsibilities -includes manning and keeping manned the positions created by the organizational structure 4. Directing -involves guiding and leading subordinates 4 sub-functions of Directing
supervisor 5. Controlling -checking the work accomplished against plans or standards, and making adjustments or corrections when new developments or unforeseen events necessitates Other principle of management Principles of Policy Making
Principle of Balance
Principle of Relationship of Task
Principle of effectiveness
Principle of simplicity
Principle of specialization
Principle of Standardization
Principle of Financial Incentives
Principle of Human Relations
Principle of Planning
Principles of Control
Principles of Cooperation
Principle of Leadership 6 Characteristics of Good Leaders 1.Leaders think longer term; they look beyond immediate problems
2.Leaders look beyond the agency or unit they are leading and grasp its relationship to larger realities of the organization, as well as the external environment
3.Leaders reach and influence people beyond their own jurisdiction 4.Leaders emhpasize vision, values, and motivation; they intuitively grasp the non-rational and unconscious elements in the leader-constituent interaction
5.Leaders have political skills to cope with conflicting requirements of multiple constituencies.
6.Leaders never accept the status quo; they always think in terms of renewal Principle of Delagation of Authority and Responsibility
Principle of Equality of Authority and Responsibility
Principle of Utilization of Executive Ability FIve ELements of management according to henri Fayol: 1.PRevoyance
5.to control Levels of management -refers to a line of demarcation between various managerial positions in an organizational hierarchy TOP LEVELS Board of Directors, Chief Executive Officer/President, Vice President, Managing Director MIDDLE LEVELS Heads of functional departments, Production Manager, Sales Manager, Office Manager, Chief Accountants LOWER LEVELS Supervisors, foreman, accounts officer, sales officer Management and Administration 1.The Distinction Administration involves the overall setting of major objectives, determination of policies, identifying of general purpose, laying down broad programs, major objectives, etc. , while management is the active direction of human efforts with a view to getting things done 2. Incorporated Items -Management is a social process entailing responsibility for the effective and economical planning and regulation of the operation of an enterprise in fulfillment of a given purpose or task.
-Administration is that part of management which is concerned with the installation and carrying out of the procedures by which the program is laid down and communicated and the progress of activities are regulated and checked against plans. 3. No Distinction The terms management and administration do not makes any difference Classifications of Management 1.Administrative Management -primarily concerned with laying down policies and determining goals 2.Operative Management -concerned with implementation of the policies for the achievement of goals. 14 management principles from henri fayol: Division of works
unity of command
unity of direction
subordination of individual interest
stability of tenure of personnel
esprit de corps -Management concepts and basic structures-