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Ablative Absolute, Passive and Active Periphrastic, Future more Vivid

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Carolina Kirksey

on 27 September 2012

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Transcript of Ablative Absolute, Passive and Active Periphrastic, Future more Vivid

Latin Sentence Structures Test Review Ablative Absolute Passive Periphrastic Active Periphrastic (Simple Fact Future) Future More Vivid By Maxson, Bryanna, and Carolina Future More Vivid Otherwise known as Simple Fact Future and one of six different types of conditional sentences in Latin. These include three indicative types and three subjunctive types. Conditions are one of the most common sentence types and consist of a protasis (subordinate clause introduced by si/nisi) and the apodosis which is the main clause expressing the final outcome. Future More Vivid sentences are written with future indicative verbs in both clauses but the subordinate clause is translated in the present tense and main clause future tense. Examples and Translation Answer: "If he does this, he will be wise."
Notice that both faciet and erit are in the indicative future but only erit in the apodosis is translated with a future idea in English. The verb in the protasis is instead translated in present tense ("does" rather than "will do"). Translate this sentence:
"Si id faciet, sapiens erit" (Don't be timid, it's easy) Ablative absolutes are similar to adverbial clauses, in the way that they are used to describe the background of the main action of the sentence.

In English, we use nominative absolutes, but in Latin we use ablative Ablative Absolutes When translating, it's important to consider the participle's literal meaning first before expanding.

Basic form: when the ______ was _______ (noun)

You can actually translate many different ways because it's easy to mold the words in English. How to Translate Participles can modify the noun or pronoun, but the ablative tells what happened to the noun or pronoun. Ablatives vs. Participles Passive Periphrastic Passive Periphrastic(Gerundive of Obligation)

The definition of a Passive Periphrastic: A passive verb form consisting of the future passive participle (“gerundive” ) plus a form of esse and indicating a necessary or obligatory action.

How to recognize a Passive Periphrastic: Look for the geruNDive (the -NDus/a/um participle) plus a form of esse. Translate with “HAS to be/should be/ought to be/must be _______ed,” if sum(present tense) is used;

“HAD to be,” if eram/fui (past tense) is used;

“WILL HAVE to be,” if ero(future). How to Translate EXAMPLES-

1. Latina omnibus discipulis amanda est.

2. Hic liber discipulis legendus erat. Translate Answers: “Latin should be loved by all students.” "This book had to be read by the students" Active Periphrastic The definition of an Active Periphrastic: The active periphrastic conjugation in Latin is the future active participle and the appropriate form of esse.

How to Recognize: Look for the future active participle (verb ending in "urus", "ura", or "urum") plus a form of esse. Remember: there's always a -UR- in the futURe How to Translate Translate with “Is about to verb,” if sum (present tense) is used;
“Was about to verb,” if eram/fui (past tense) is used;
“Will be about to,” if ero (future).
It can also be translated as "destined to verb," "intending to verb," "going to verb, "fixin' to verb," "like to verb," etc. The future active participle can be used in its sense of "destined to verb" or "intending to verb" to indicate purpose. 1. amaturus est. 2. ambulaturus erat. Examples Answers "He is about to love."

"He is about to walk." The End (Of the Prezi)
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