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The Great War: WWI 1914-1918 Part 1

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by

Winfield Watson

on 8 May 2014

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Transcript of The Great War: WWI 1914-1918 Part 1

World War I
1914 - 1918
Also known as
"The Great War"
"The War to End ALL Wars"
"The First war of the Industrial Revolution"
"A War of Attrition"
Causes
The Alliance System
The Triple Entente
England
France
Russia
The Triple Alliance
Germany
Austria-Hungary
Italy
The Central Powers
Germany
Austria-Hungary
Ottoman
Empire
The Allied Powers
England
France
Russia
Italy
Entente -

an understanding among nations
Pre1914
Post 1914
Militarism
& the Arms Race
Triple Entente
1910-1914
+ 53%
Triple Alliance
1910-1914
+ 73%
A fascination with war
Increase in defense expenditure by both alliances
Economic & Imperial Rivalries
Agressive Nationalism
The
"Powder Keg"
of Europe
The Spark
Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie Duchess of Hohenberg
Sarejevo
June 28, 1914
By Gavrilo Princip; Member of the Black Hand
Who's to Blame?
World War I
Begins

Austria-Hungary blames the Serbian government for the archduke's death.
Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia
Russia (Serbia's Ally) begins Mobilization in support of Serbia
Germany (Austria-Hungary's Ally) declares war on Russia
France enters war supporting Russia
Germany makes plan to attack France (Schleiffen Plan) through Belgium
Great Britain promises to protect Belgium enters war on Allied side
The Western Front
"A multi-front war"
Major Battles
Verdun: February 1916
500,000 Casualties for each side
The Somme: July 1916
60,000 British Soldiers killed in one day
Over 1,000,000 killed in 5 months
The Eastern Front
The Gallipoli Disaster
April 1915 - January 1916
Allies launch attack on the Ottoman Empire
Epic Fail
440,000 Casualties
The Colonial Fronts
British Sikh Mountain Gunners
Black Soldiers in the German Schutztruppen[German E. Africa]
Sikh British Soldiers in India
Weapons
Barbed Wire
1914-1917 America sells Supplies
TO ALLIED FORCES
1917
America enters the war
(two reasons)
Reason #1
Reason #2
Machine Gun
Poison Gas
Grenade Launchers
Flame Throwers
The Zeppelin
Looking for the “Red Baron?”
Curtis-Martin U. S. Aircraft Plant
Eddie “Mick” Mannoch, Br.
Willy Coppens de Holthust, Belg.
Manfred von Richtoffen, Ger. [The “Red Baron”]
Rene Pauk Fonck, Fr.
Francesco Barraco, It.
Eddie Rickenbacher, US
The Flying Aces of World War I
“Squadron Over the Brenta” Max Edler von Poosch, 1917
The Airplane
U-Boats
British Tank at Ypres
French Renault Tank
Krupp’s “Big Bertha” Gun

The War of the
Industrial
Revolution:

New
Technology
Allied Ships Sunk by U-Boats
Created by
Winfield L. Watson
Lakeside Junior High

“Mata Hari”
Real Name: Margareetha Geertruide Zelle
German Spy!
Spies
Russian Women Soldiers
Women in the Army Auxiliary
Red Cross Nurses
A Woman Ambulance Driver
Working in the Fields
German Women Factory Workers
French Women Factory Workers
Munitions Workers
For Recruitment
Financing the War
Women
and the
War
Effort
Becomes
Becomes
(Mainly Germany)
1. Sinking of the Lusitania
2. Zimmerman Telegram
Full transcript