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The Tragic Hero
Transcript of The Tragic Hero
What is Aristotle's definition of a Tragic Hero?
Who is Aristotle?
Other Characters as Tragic Heros
F. Scott Fitzgerald:
Reversal of Fortune (Peripeteia):
"He must have felt that he had lost the warm old world, paid a high price for living too long with a single dream."
Fatal Flaw (Hamartia):
"The most grotesque and fantastic conceits haunted him...they were...a promise that the rock of the world was founded securely on a fairy's wing."
Realization of Mistakes:(Anagnorisis)
"A writer like me must have...an utter faith in his star, but through a series of blows, many of them my own fault, something happened to that sense of immunity and I lost my grip."
Excessive Pride (Hubris):
"It was a factual imitation of some Hotel de Ville in Normandy, with a tower on one side, spanking new under a thin beard of ivy and a marble swimming pool...It was Gatsby's Mansion"
The Great Depression/End of Jazz Age
Loss of Public Interest in Books
Born in Stagira in 384 BC
Father was Nicodemus
Greek Philosopher and scientist
Wrote about physics, biology, zoology and poetry and much more
Aristotle's Definition of Tragedy
"imitation" of actions that are serious
Uses great language
Characteristics of a Tragic hero
Fate greater than deserved
ERROR OF JUDGMENT
Hamartia: Wants to be accepted
Perpetia: Discovery of the prophecy and then the interpretation
Anagnorisis: Realization of Voldemorts Interpretation
Death due to Voldemort's misunderstanding
Hubris: Believes he can be both
"If personality is an unbroken series of successful gestures, then there was something gorgeous about him, some heightened sensitivity to the promises of life.… [Gatsby had] an extraordinary gift for hope, a romantic readiness such as I have never found in any other person and which it is not likely I shall ever find again."pg. 2
"When the Jazz History of the World was over, girls where putting their heads on men’s shoulders … swooning backward playfully into men’s arms … but no one swooned backward on Gatsby, and no French bob touched Gatsby’s shoulder, and no singing quartets were formed with Gatsby’s head for one link." pg.50
F. Scott Fitzgerald
1. Who, out of Gatsby and Fitzgerald, is a better representation of Aristotle's tragic hero? Explain your choice.
2. Was F. Scott Fitzgerald's fate undeserved?
The Tragic Hero
1) Do you think it is good or bad to be named a tragic hero? Why?
A Few Other Characteristics
Doomed from the start
Noble in nature
Must discover own fate
Story should arouse fear and empathy
"I wanted to get somebody for him. I wanted to go into the room where he lay and reassure him: "I’ll get somebody for you, Gatsby. Don’t worry. Just trust me and I'll get somebody for you–"
"Well, they say he's a nephew or a cousin of Kaiser Whilhem's. That's where all his money comes from." -pg 38
1. To what extent do you think Gatsby is a tragic hero? Why?
2. If Daisy was to eventually call Gatsby (if he didn't die), would he still be considered as a Tragic Hero?
1) Flaw or error of judgment (Hamartia)
2) A reversal of fortune due to hero's error of judgment (Peripeteia)
3) Hero must have discovered his fate by his own actions (Anagnorisis)
4) Excessive Pride (Hubris)
5) The character's fate must be greater than deserved.
What other characters from literature/tv/movies do you think are tragic heroes?
Hamartia: Romantic Hope, impetuous
Perpetia: Juliet's sudden death
Anagnorisis: Seeing Juliet alive as he dies
Hubris: Beleives things will work out
As a Tragic Hero
Love was taken
Dreamed the same dream for too long
Creating an unrealistic "dream like" world.
Daisy distant herself away from Gatsby
"No, her voice was full of money"
- Jay Gatsby
"Can't repeat the past?"
he cried incredulously.
"Why of course you can"
- Jay Gatsby
Is Gatsby a
"A tragic hero is a
Made his fame and money through illegal businesses
Creates a "fake reality" of his own
Created a world of lies surrounding himself
Arrogant and controlling
Professor Albus Dumbledore: Don't tell me now that you've grown to care for the boy.
Professor Albus Dumbledore: Lily... after all this time?
Professor Severus Snape: Always.
"But, soft! what light through yonder window breaks?
It is the east, and Juliet is the sun.
Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon,
Who is already sick and pale with grief,
That thou her maid art far more fair than she:
Be not her maid, since she is envious;
Her vestal livery is but sick and green
And none but fools do wear it; cast it off."
"There must have been moments
even that afternoon when Daisy tumbled short
of his dreams -- not through her own fault but
because of the colossal vitality of his illusion"
- Nick Carraway
" 'Oh you want too much!' she cried to Gatsby. 'I love you now - isn't that enough? I can't help what's the past' "
- Daisy Buchanan
Had high hopes of himself when he was young
Thought that he deserved a better life and to become a better man
"I suppose he'd had the name ready for a long time, even then. His parents were
shiftless and unsuccessful farm people
his imagination had never really accepted them as his parents at all."
- Nick Carraway