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Lord of the Flies Historical Approach

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Sarah Zale

on 6 June 2013

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Transcript of Lord of the Flies Historical Approach

Ralph Analyzed through a historical approach, William Golding uses his main characters in "Lord of the Flies" to reveal that weaknesses in leadership are the source of conflict. Thesis Historical Approach Jack Jack Jack=Adolf Hitler Ralph=Franklin D. Roosevelt Sarah Zale
Block 4 Lord of the Flies
Historical Approach A historical approach analyzes text by looking for cultural and social connections between the text and the time it was written or takes place. In "Lord of the Flies", the characters and events resemble WWII. Ralph Piggy Piggy Piggy=Winston Churchill Simon Simon Questions to think about: 1. Do you think Golding related the war in the novel to a real war? This will link to an essay that can be used for better understanding of a historical approach to "Lord of the Flies." -thirst for power
-strives to be leader
-focuses on killing pigs
-revenge on those who threaten his power "Jack had meant to leave him in doubt, as an assertion of power; but Piggy by advertising his omission made more cruelty necessary" (Golding 67). Jack=Adolf Hitler Jack's Traits: Hitler's Traits: -evil
-wanted power for himself and Germany
-killed those who got in his way "Jack...represents a totalitarian dictator, a ruler who appeals to the emotional responses of his followers. He rules by charisma and hysteria" (Henningfeld, Literature Resource Center). Ralph's traits: -dedicated to his tribe members
-mentally intact
-trustworthy leader
-wanted to benefit his members
-attacked by Jack 2. Which character best represents his historical parallel? 3. What flaws of each character reveal weaknesses in leaders that can cause complications? Works Cited Golding, William. Lord of the Flies. William Golding’s Lord of the Flies. Eds. James
R. Baker and Arthur P. Ziegler, Jr. New York: Perigee, 1988. 1-187. Print.

Henningfeld, Dianne Andrews. “An Overview of Lord of the Flies.” Rev. of Lord of the Flies, by William Golding. Exploring Novels (1998). Literature Resource Center. Web. 4 June 2013. <http://galenet.galegroup.com>.

Olsen, Kirstin. “Literary Analysis.” Understanding Lord of the Flies: A Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historical Documents. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood, 2000. 1-9. Google Books. Web. 5 June 2013. <http://books.google.com/books?id=iV6A1QvERrgC&pg=PA9&dq=piggy+as+churchill+lord+of+the+flies&hl=en&sa=X&ei=VOavUaa9DNCJ0QGs84FA&ved=0CDAQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=churchill&f=false>.

Mueller, William R. “An Old Story Retold.” William Golding’s Lord of the Flies. Eds. James R. Baker and Arthur P. Ziegler, Jr. New York: Perigee, 1988. 245-51. Print. "The assembly was lifted toward safety by his words. They liked and now respected him" (Golding 33). Ralph=Franklin D. Roosevelt "Ralph...stands for the good-hearted but not entirely effective leader of a democratic state, a ruler who wants to rule by law derived from the common consent" (Henningfeld Literature Resource Center). FDR's Traits: -wanted to stay neutral in war
-deeply respected
-goals of peace and freedom
-faced sea attacks from Hitler Piggy=Winston Churchill http://www.scribd.com/doc/24111643/Lord-of-the-Flies-Character-Analysis Piggy's traits: -intelligent
-physically and verbally attacked by Jack
-relies on Ralph "Only, Ralph decided as he faced the chief's seat, I can't think. Not like Piggy...Piggy could think. He could go step by step inside that fat head of his" (Golding 72). Churchill's Traits: -knew outcome relied on FDR/U.S. involvement
-attacked by Hitler
-wanted to restore order Simon=Jews Simon's traits:
-quiet, keeps to himself
-mistaken for the beast
-weird to the other boys
-nice to everyone "He sighed. Other people could stand up and speak to an assembly, apparently, without that dreadful feeling of the pressure of personality" (Golding 96). Simon=Jews "It makes sense that he tries to re-create civilization
in the wilderness, because he must know, at
some level, that in civilization lies his best
protection" (Olsen 6). "And history has made clear, as the Lord of the
Flies affirms, that the Simons are not wanted,
that they do spoil what is quiantly called the
'fun' of the world, and that antagonists
will 'do' them" (Mueller 250). Jewish traits: -innocent but used as scapegoat
-killed by Hitler
-kept to themselves
-viewed differently or inferior
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