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Mughal Empire APWH

Project in APWH for the third quarter.

Joce Diaz

on 17 March 2011

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Transcript of Mughal Empire APWH

The Mughal Empire J.D Period-8 2/24/11 Origin Founded by Zahir al-Din Muhammad (Otherwise known as Babur "the tiger") The Mughals being the Persian term for "Mongol" Basic Summary/Outline Origins of the empire Decline of the empire Society in the Mughal empire Religion Economy Agriculture Trade Population growth Traditions Diversity Promotion of Islam Conflict and tension Economic/Military difficulties Economy Agriculture Trade Population Citations "Mughal Empire" iloveindia.com. 2011. iloveindia.com. 2/24/2011 <http://www.iloveindia.com/history/medieval-india/mughal-empire/index.html> "Mughal Empire." slideshare. Web. 24 Feb 2011. <http://www.slideshare.net/gsill/mughal-empire-presentation> Rulers, Women in politics Mughal Architecture Akbar The Great "Mughal Empire." worldvisitguide. Insecula, n.d. Web. 24 Feb 2011. <http://worldvisitguide.com/article/F0010829.html>. (Akbar The Great's tomb) (Humayun's Tomb) The Taj Mahal "Mughal Architecture." Google Images. Web. 26 Feb 2011. <http://www.google.com/images?hl=en&sugexp=ldymls&pq=mughal+architecture&xhr=t&q=mughal+architecture&cp=19&biw=1366&bih=548&bav=on.1,or.&bs=1&um=1&ie=UTF-8&source=og&sa=N&tab=wi>. Population growth resulted from intensive agriculture. Not the new introduced crops. Population from 1600 to 1800 1600- Population went from 105 million to 135 million 1700- 165 million 1800- 190 million Payed little attention to foreign trade and maritime affairs. Allowed the building of trading stations and merchant colonies by the Portuguese, English, French, and Dutch merchants. when he invaded and conquered northern India. Zahir al-Din Muhammad (a.k.a. Babur "the Tiger") Had great ambition. Very talented writer. Successful warrior. 1523- Appeared in northern India Babur cared little for the land that he conquered. "Most inhabitants of India are infidels,..." Quote from Babur: Construction of Fatehpur Sikri Fatehpur Sikri Akbar's Religion Brilliant Charismatic Did not tolerate anyone who challenged his rule. Very interested in religion and philosophy. Surplus of production were used to finance armies and bureaucracies. Was the foundation of the empire. Relied on wheat and rice. The Role of Women in Politics The ruler's mother, wife or favorite concubine was allowed special privileges and authority. Played a prominant role in politics. i.e Mughal emperor, Jahangir let his wife run the government with no worry at all. Traditions in the Mughal Empire Reflected on Steppe traditions Caused many family problems. i.e. The son rebelling against the father. Emperors did as they pleased Created his own "divine faith". Emphasized loyalty to the emperor. Borrowed ideas from several religions. Monotheistic Religious Diversity The Mughal empire contained: Hindus (mostly) Muslims Jains Zoroastrains Christians Sikhism The empire made religious communities in order to prevent any conflict. Tension Promotion of Islam Muslims strongly objected to Islamic ideas and laws Made non-Muslims pay the poll tax Destruction of Hindu temples Architecture Decline of Empire Maintenance of military becoming too expensive Bribes Extortion Fighting among ruling houses. (official faith of the empire)
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