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Transcript of Cultural Mindmap
Environment Poland is a country in central Europe with an area of 312,679 square kilometers, and mostly temperate climates. It is country that spreads from the Baltic Sea in the North, all the way to the Carpathian in the South. Geography and Climate Environment Poland has a Parliamentary Representative Democratic Republic system. The Prime Minister is the head of government, and the President is the head of state. Political and Legal System Poland is a high income society, and is the sixth largest in Europe, one of the fastest growing in the world. Economy The traditional way of life has been long forgotten more than a decade ago. Family Life Poland Knowledge and Belief The art in Poland is varied and rich. Historians differ as to the periodization of the various stages through which Poland passed just like any other European countries experienced. There is the Gothic period, the Renaissance period, and the Impressionism. Poland also went through revolutions of Modern art and architecture. These periods never have any specific histories in any country, they just simply came about and disappeared. Art Recreation and Leisure Communication Poland is one of the biggest exporter of processed fruit and vegetables, meat, and dairy products.In addition, Poland is the leading producer of potatoes and rye in Europe, and is one of the world's largest producers of sugar beets and triticale. Poland also produces rapeseed, grains, hogs, and cattle. Material Goods In 1991, 11 percent of the people caught the disease that is caused by pollution; 600 people per square kilometer had been infected, and a significant number of them had many different illness, some severe cases also have a greatly increased chance of getting cancer. The Climate in Poland will change from Maritime and continental. Due to weather changes in the world, Poland has been affected in a positive way. Winter used to be very cold there, but now the winter is milder and warmer. Summer in Poland is very warm and pleasing, with moderate amount of rainfalls and sunshine. The best time to visit Poland is from May through September. Executive power is exercised by the government, but the Legislative power rests in both the government and the two chambers of parliament. The two chambers of parliament are known together as the "Sejm". A family is connected by marriage, parenting, and relations. Traditionally, the man in the family will take a dominant role. Women in the family were considered as less important, taking second place in the family. Traditional Way of Family The traditional way of life has changed greatly throughout the years. Modern Way of Life Through all the difficult times that the Poles experienced in their history, they depended on their family members and close friends for help and support. Children are taught to respect their elders and the very old are cared for by the younger generations of the family. Most women work outside the home, and most of them hold very important jobs. However, women still bear most of the responsibility for shopping and housework, although the husband will help. Poland is one of the most religiously, and yet homogeneous countries on earth. Almost 99 percent of Polish children are baptized into the Roman Catholic Church. Most of the marriages are involved with a church wedding. When questioned, most of the Poland population will answer "Roman Catholic" for their religion. Divorces in Poland are not as common as it is in North America. Marriage are considered more seriously, and despite unhappy marriages, the housing shortage in Poland makes things complicated. Poland is a big importer of wheat, vegetable oil, and protein meals, because Poland cannot produce enough to meet the domestic demand. Most of Poland's imports are capital goods, which are for industrial retooling and manufacturing inputs. Poland does not import much consumable good. This folk sport was played till the beginning of the Second World War. The idea of the game was to hit kapela (a small pyramid made from some stones) with a stone. This sport was mostly played by herdsmen. This folk game was played in a village called Bukówiec Górny. Players had to roll kulotko (a wooden disk) with a wooden stick in the shape of a board. The task was to toss the kulotko across the finish line of opposite team. Polish is very similar to English, but it sounds very different. The Polish Alphabet is a little different than the alphabet we use. This game was created in 1936 in Poland. It is similar to volleyball, but the net here has 3 holes (pierścienie). You don't throw the ball over the net, but through those holes. This game is not very popular, but it is easy to play, so everyone can enjoy it. Ringo is played on a rectangular court with a raised net. Individual players or teams stand on opposite sides of the net and throw a small rubber ring back and forth, without letting it hit the ground. When it is played one by one, then there is only one ring, when more - two. The Polish language has twenty-six consonants and nine vowels. Letters are combined to make extra consonants. Where English writers use c and h, Poles use c plus z. e.g. Czuma (pronounced "choo-ma") Kulanie kulotka Pierścieniówka Kapela There is little difference between the Polish way of communication and other western European countries. Embraces are common, especially on special days, or when the two have not seen each other in a very long period of time. It is still common in Poland to kiss a woman's hand. Ringo Polish people enjoy going to concerts and to the theater. Theater tickets are very cheap, and theaters are considered as the medium of education. Soccer is a national sport. Soccer tournaments are frequently hosted at schools and workplaces. It is not uncommon that streets are empty when a major league soccer game is taking place. Outdoor activities include hiking with family, or skiing in the mountains. The Baltic beaches are popular for fishing and water sports. Poland's industrial cities have some of the continent's worst pollutions, but other cities have primeval forest, which is very rare in Europe. The Baltic shoreline is very sandy, which connects to thousands of small lakes. The Polish capital, Warsaw, is located at the exact center of Poland, and is known for its rich farmlands. On Sundays, many churches are full to the point that it can be considered overflowed. Religious Beliefs The Catholic Church has been very influential in the history of Poland. The church helped to keep the language of Poland alive. In times of crisis, people of Poland will often turn to the church for help and support. These plants can withstand the Polish climate to grow. Millet and lentils were much more popular in the past than now. Poland has pursued a policy of economic liberalization. It is the only country in the Europe Union to experience nothing negative through the 2008 - 2009 economic crisis. The unemployment rate in Poland is higher than the average in Europe. There are still room for improvement in the fields of road and rail infrastructure, and its business environment. Food which the first Poles had was limited to the agriculture which would withstand the climate and the animals which were living in Poland in these days. Old Polish cuisine developed on the basis of old-Slavic cuisine. The first cultivated plants included rye and wheat, millet and barley. Poles made kasha (groats) from millet (proso), lentils (soczewica), barley (jeczmien) and oats (owies). The GDP of Poland is $531.8 billion, and the GDP per Capita is $20, 100. 63% of the GDP comes from services provided, and 33.6% comes from industrial goods, and 3.4% comes from agriculture. Knowledge and Finding Bulletproof vest
In 1901, the bulletproof vest was invented by a Polish inventor named Jan Szczepanik. The bulletproof vest was made of multiple layers of silk that were specifically woven so that they could stop bullets. Melex (golf cart)
A small company from a Polish town Mielec invented Melex. It was established in 1971 and dedicated solely to producing small, electric vehicles that the golfers found very convienient to move around. Mine detector
This is an invention that helped the British Army win the battle of El-Alamain during World War II. It was used during the Invasion of Normandy. It was developpedat the end of year 1941 by two Polish lieutenants: Józef Kosacki and Andrzej Garboś. Movie projector
A year before the Lumières patented their invention, a Polish inventor called Kazimierz Prószyński finished working on his so-called pleograph, which basically worked the same way as its French successor. He also constructed the first ever hand-held camera, which he called an aeroscope. Paraffin lamp
In 1853, Ignacy Łukasiewicz found a way to distill a substance called kserone (or parrafin) from seep oil. The paraffin lamp was soon found in any household. Łukasiewicz also introduced first modern street lamps in Europe and created first oil refinery. The Battle of Grunwald by Jan Matejko Jan Matejko, born in 1838 and died in 1893. He declared "Art is a weapon of sorts; one ought not to separate art from the love of one's homeland." In 1878, following the unveiling of Jan Matejko's enormous painting "The Battle of Grunwald" which portrayed the 1410 Polish-Lithuanian victory over the Knights of the Germanic Order of the Cross, Matejko was offered a royal scepter by his compatriots. Pieniny mountain