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Irish Immigration Project
Transcript of Irish Immigration Project
Irish to move to the U.S. from their homelands? what were a few of the
difficulties immigrants faced on their way to America? what did the Irish settlers
do once they arrived in America? Most immigrants coming in from Ireland settled in Many immigrants could not afford to travel first- or second- class on the boat to . The Irish moved away
primarily because of Irish on the Move Let's take a look at why Irish
immigration peaked in the mid
to late nineteenth century. A major crop failure in Ireland called the potato famine occurred in 1845, poverty starvation unemployment and killing large amounts of the Irish race.
to America? The first were the Germans. second largest nationality group Between and ,
a total of approximately Irish
immigrants came to the U.S. 1846 1900 The famine was a huge catastrophe for the Irish. Due to a lack of industry and raw materials, their diets relied heavily on agriculture. by Michael Burgio, Alexis Kilayko, and Kevin Quirk Even before getting to Ellis Island, when the immigrants arrived at the harbor, they were to be inspected. The immigrants were desperate for jobs and willing to work for pay that was less than average salary. Irish Catholics were also forced out of the country because they were evicted by their English landlords. As a result, Catholicism was the dominant religion of Irish immigrants. Many of those who survived the potato blight moved to America in search of a better life. Therefore, they stayed in steerage, or the lowest deck of the ship. For those who traveled in steerage, boat trips to their destination were very little to no personal space
stuffy, unbreathable air
the odor of unclean bodies
highly contagious diseases First, Second, Third, to migrate Did you know that the Irish were 2.8 million not pleasant because of Ellis Island These horrible conditions led to the installation of new immigration laws. A trip by boat across the Atlantic Ocean lasted anywhere from one week to more than a month. Immigrants were checked by health inspectors for any a person could have, including cholera, smallpox, typhoid fever, pink eye, and measles. contagious diseases If an immigrant passed the inspection, he or she continued on to Ellis Island. Once at Ellis Island, they were asked a series of questions, and their health was further examined for lameness and mental defects. If they did not meet the health requirements, an immigrant was deported. If they did, however, they were finally admitted into America. Boston New York Philadelphia and other coastal cities. Usually they lived in the basements or attics of slum tenements. Although some of these settlers were able to speak English, others spoke only their native Gaelic. This made it difficult for the Irish to communicate with the Americans. Men either constructed railroads, canals, and roads, or they loaded ships at the dock, swept the streets, and cleaned horse stables. Women came as indentured servants; they worked as domestic servants in the homes of wealthy Americans. Other women found jobs in the textile industry. Immigrant children also had to work, mostly as unskilled factory workers. Because Irish immigrants were predominantly Catholic, they suffered from religious persecution. For this reason, they stayed together in small communities, or "ghettos." Still, religion played a very important role in the Irish's lives. They donated to local parishes to establish Catholic schools and churches. With the sudden onslaught of Irish immigrants journeying to America, Catholicism was largest Christian nearly the denomination in the country. Did you know? Eventually, with excellent education and a knack for being involved in local politics, the Irish rose out of poverty. They continue to contribute to America's society even today. , , , Glac bog an saol agus glacfaidh an saol bog tú. "Take the world nice and easy, and the world will take you the same."