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Unit 3 Assignment--Zac Holt

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Zachary Holt

on 13 June 2013

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Transcript of Unit 3 Assignment--Zac Holt

By: Zac Holt
History of American Education

Colonial Period-1600's
Colonial Period-1600's
Education of this time period was meant to prepare children for running their future plantations. Only white upper-class children were afforded the opportunity for a primary education.

Upper-class Boys:
Taught by male tutors inside the plantation
Received an opportunity for higher education overseas

Upper-class Girls:
Taught by a governess from England
Learned to assume the duties of a plantation mistress
Colonial Period continued...
Secondary Education:
This form of education was meant for children of poor family's. They were not afforded a primary education and instead learned a skill through apprenticeship.

Colonial Period continued...
By: Zac Holt
FED 501
Alabama A&M
Eras of American Education
My History of American Education
Early National Period-1700's
19th Century Education-1800's
20th Century Education-1900's
Primary Education-
The earliest curriculum in American Education consisted of reading, writing, simple math, poems, and prayers. Lessons were recited by students until they were memorized because of the scarcity of paper. The most common textbooks used in education of the time was The Bible, a hornbook, and a primer.

The Bible- a religious text
Hornbook- consisted of a wooden paddle with lessons tacked on and covered by a piece
of transparent horn.
Primer- a standard reader in the Colonial Period
Colonial Period continued...
A Colonial Period Primer...
Page from a Colonial Hornbook...
Colonial Period continued...
Colonial girl holding a Hornbook...
Early National Education-1700's
During this period we saw the implementation of English Grammer Schools, Academies, and the African Free School.

English Grammar Schools:
Opened for boys in the upper-class as well as boys in the middle-class due to
a boom in middle-class businesses.

Opened to girls of these classes in the late 1700's.
Early National Education continued...
These were the first secondary schools of American Education.

According to Chapter 3 in our textbook for FED 501 the curriculum was largely pulled from the Reformation period. It included reading, writing, arithmetic,
catechism, religious concepts, and Latin theology.
Early National Education conitnued...
The African Free School:
Founded by an all-white male society that included Alexander Hamilton, an American abolitionist.
Opened in parts of the North after abolition. It was the primary form of schooling for African Americans for nearly 50 years.
19th Century Education continued...
Public High Schools:
These were founded and originated to take the place of the previous eras Academies.

Public High Schools were created with a focus on college preperation.

The first high school was founded in Boston in 1821 and is pictured below.
19th Century Education continued...
Important laws impacting education in America:

Jim Crow laws were state and local laws in the United States enacted between 1876
and 1975. This law mandated de jure racial segregation in all public facilities in Southern states of the former Confederacy, with, starting in 1890, a "separate but equal" status for African Americans.

"Plessy vs Ferguson" is a landmark United States Supreme Court decision in the jurisprudence of the United States, upholding the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal".
Early National Education continued...
This period also saw the birth of "The Father of American Public Schools", Horace Mann.
19th Century Education- 1800's
19th Century Education continued...
Horace Mann, "The Father of American Public School"
Argued for less secular schools
Increased learning opportunities for all classes of children
Believed that education created productive member of society
Influenced founding of public schools paid for with public taxes
20th Century Education- 1900's
20th Century Education continued...
More age appropriate schools:
In an effort to follow a similar idea from the 19th century where High Schools were founded to increase college preparation, the 20th century brought in the founding of middle schools and junior high schools.

Junior High Schools:
First founded in 1909
Instituted to provide 7th and 8th grade students preparation for high school.

Middle Schools:
Founded in 1950
Designed to meet the needs of adolescents
20th Century Education continued...
In 1909 the NAACP was founded. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is an African-American civil rights organization in the United States. It was founded to eliminate racial hatred and discrimination as well as ensure inalienable rights of all people.

This organizations commitment to their mission statement pushed them to the forefront of desegregation in America's public schools. Their campaign for desegregation culminated in the Brown vs Board of Education court case of 1954. The decision was made by the courts that segregation of public school was in fact unconstitutional.
20th Century Education continued...
Higher responsibility of state government's and public education:

President Ronald Reagan formed the National Commission on Excellence in Education. In 1983 this committee published a report that is considered a landmark event in modern American educational history.

A Nation at Risk is a report published indicating extremely low acaddemic achievement in public schools. The report suggested American students were failing to keep up academically with other industrial nations. This led to a larger involvement and responsibility of state governements in regards to public education.
20th Century Education continued...
The 19th century brought in encompassing change in American education known as the Common School Movement. The influences of Horace Mann brought about free public schools for all Americans, public High Schools were created, and important laws were passed regarding human rights based on race. In addition to the groundbreaking changes that were sweeping through education, school curriculums were becoming more secular in nature and teachers were becoming more specialiazed through training colleges.
American education in the 20th century is arguably the most important in terms of change. It brought about more age appropriate schools, a greater need for more schools and teachers, desegregation, and more involvement by state governments.
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