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The Maoris

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by

Trine olsen

on 23 October 2013

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Transcript of The Maoris

The Maoris
The Maori are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand.
The Maori Originated with settlers from eastern Polynesia, who arrived in New Zealand in several waves of canoe voyages.
Between 1250 and 1300 centuries.
Maori? Who?
In the 2006 there were 620,000 Maori in New Zealand, 15% of the national population.
In addition there are over 120,000 Māori living in Australia.
Maori oral history describes the arrival of ancestors were from
Hawaiki
.
Traditional culture
Many theories on how the Maoris came to New Zealand
Art of tattooing
Peformed with bone chisels.
Deep cuts in skin before natural colouring was put in wounds.
Most tattos in face.
Society divided into social classes,lowest did not bear tattoo markings. "
The people of no importance
"
Performing arts
Kapa haka
is a traditional Maori performance art. (most known one)
Waiata koroua (traditional chants).
The Te Matatini National Festival, organised by the
Aotearoa Traditional Māori Performing Arts Society.
Maori from different regions send representative groups to compete in the biannual competition
Kapa haka groups in schools, tertiary institutions and workplaces. It is also performed at tourist venues across the country.
The kapa haka "used" by the All Blacks' rugby team
Belifes
Maori tend to be followers of
Presbyterianism
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (
Mormons
)
Māori Christian groups such as Rātana and Ringatū
Tapu
an importan concept on Maori life.
Means something is sacred.
The chief is Tapu or sacred.
"Life is a journey form Hawaiki to Hwaiki."
Hawaiki, not to be confused with Hawaii.
Presbyterianism's symbol
How do they live?
They have a culture that is
rich in literature, songs, dance and art.
Lived from what nature could offer.
Physically hard life.
Hunt animal, building and Etc.
Maori art
The Maori language, also known
as
te reo Maori
, or simply
te reo
.
Mostly carvingsin wood of faces
They carved large meeting houses
They carved and painted boats
Often in carvings or tattoos you can find The symbol, Lizard
Tangata whenua
(People of the land)
Lizards and geckos are regarded as a form of appearance of gods by people.
How are they living today?
Pretty much the same as before
Both modern and traditional
Rangi and Papa, the sky father and the earth mother
http://nzetc.victoria.ac.nz/tm/scholarly/tei-Stout79-t11-body-d1-d5.html
http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/1966/maori-social-structure/page-2
http://www.apolynesiantattoo.com/polynesian-tattoo-meanings/polynesian-tattoo-symbols-meanings-lizard-or-gecko.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M%C4%81ori
http://www.tourism.net.nz/new-zealand/about-new-zealand/kupe-and-te-wheke.html
New Flight Textbook
Sources:
Made By T.W.O
The End
They live in tribes and each tribe's leader is called Chief.
Where do they live?
Matariki - Maori new year celebration
Mythes
Modern Maori rites are similar to those of other New Zealanders.
Specific Maori traditions are still practiced at certain events.

At weddings, a relative of the tribe, traditionally challenges the father of the bride to a fight. The bride's father then approaches the challenger and is instead warmly greeted.
The Maori once practiced what anthropologists call "
secondary burial
." When a person died, the body would be laid out on ceremonial mats for viewing by relatives and other members of the village.
After a few days
, the body was wrapped in mats and placed in a cave or a tree, or buried in the ground.
After one year had passed
, the body was removed from the primary burial and the bones were cleaned and painted with red ochre (a pigment). These remains were taken from village to village for a second period of mourning. Following that, the bones were buried in a sacred place.
Rites
Wedding
The Second burial
Maori food
When Maori first arrived in New Zealand they hardly had any food known to them to survive except for the common food of New Zealand.
A drastic change to their lifestyle if they were to survive
No danger of starvation because of fish, shellfish, crayfish and crabs.
Lively festivals, concerts, cultural performances and entertaining events that take place throughout the country during the celebration of Matariki.
(how the Nelson Boulder Banks were formed)
A long time ago in far away Hawaikii, a Tohunga (
a magic man
) named Muturangi, sat brooding, thinking of his revenge upon the villagers who had banished him to the far and lonely side of the island.

Muturangi was one day by the water when he came across a wheke (
octopus
) feeding in the shallows. Quickly using his powers, he charmed the creature and became its master.

Muturangi would send Te Wheke, the octopus, out to catch fish and bring them back for him to eat. One day he had an idea, and told Te Wheke "go to where the villagers set their fishing nets, and take the fish that are caught in their nets, it will be easier than having to catch the fish yourself"...
The story of Te Wheke
And
Religon
Full transcript