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KATIPUNAN &THE 1896 PHILIPPINE REVOLUTION
Transcript of KATIPUNAN &THE 1896 PHILIPPINE REVOLUTION
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THE PATH TO FREEDOM
The arrest and exile of Rizal created confusion among the members og liga Filipina. The only hope of the philippines for liberal reforms was now taken away from them. the middle class members naive as they beacme refused to take any bold step further foe fear that they may lose their held on status.
FOUNDINGG OF THE KATIPUNAN
On july 7, 1892 the newspaper gaceta de manila published the arrest and exile of rizal. in the night of the same date, a group of patriotic Filipinos led by Andres Bonifacio ,met at the house of Deodato Arellano a Azcarraga street (now Recto Avenue) in tondo manila and decide to organize a secret revolutionary society called KKK or the "kataas-taasan , kagalang-galangan, katipunan ng anak ng bayan. the principal aim of the society was to unite the filipino and to flight for the Philippines independence.
Intally, membership in the katipunan was exclusively for Filipino men. later on however it was deliberated and approved by the governing body to accepted women on grounds of their invaluable service.
BONIFACIO AND JACINTO
the first and foremosr personality of the katipunan would be Andres Bonifacio. Philippines history hails him as the "Father of the Philippines revolutions" Being one of the founders of katiipunan and the main organizer of the 1896 revolution.
PREPARING FOR WAR
ON april 10 1895, Bonifacio and his trusted men scouted the montalban mountains in search for a suitable headequater. inside the cave decision of Bernardo Carpio, the katipuneros held meetings anf thereby , reaffirmed their decision to go through the revolutions.
In dapitan, Dr. valenzuela , who was a blind patients as an alibi met Dr. rizal and diclosed the katipunan secrets. as a result rizal declined to be rescued. he also disagreed with the plans of the katipunan.
part of preparations was the making of the flag of Katipunan as a symbol of unity among the Filipinos . the first flag of the katipunan was made by Benita Rodriguez and consisted of a rectangular red piece of cloth with three white k's displayed horizontally in the middle.
BETRAYAL AND DISCOVERY
The katipunan , which has been established since 1892 was finally discovered by the spanish authorities on August 9, 1896 . it began with the bateryal of teodoro patino, a katipunero and employee of the diaro de manila printing press.
OUTBREAK OF THE REVOLUTION
Warned on time bonifacio, jacinto and other top officers eluded arrest. They proceeded to Pugadlawin, Balintawak, and stayed at the domicle of Juan Aquino Ramos, son of Melchora Aquino, who was called as Tandang sora. Bonifacio called the members of the Katipunan for an emergency meeting scheduled on August 26, 1896 at Pugandawan, Balintawak. The meeting wag well-attended and was presided by Bonifacio.
To suppress the rebellion, Gov. General Ramon Blanco declared martial law on the first eight province that revolted: Manila, Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Bulacan, Pampanga, Nueva Ecija ang Tarlac. The eight golden ray of the Philipphine sun in the flag symbolize these eight provinces.
THE RISE OF EMILIO AGUINALDO
The losses of bonifacio placed the revolution to the brink of its end. it was a good thing he was not the only leader of the revolution. In other Provice, the revolutionists have proven their mark. The most successful wag Cavite, and the man behind the victories was Emilio Aguinaldo.
EXECUTION OF JOSE RIZAL
Jose Rizal wag exiled to Dapitan in 1892. There he lived a quiet life without politics ang redered services to the masses. Months after his conference with Pio Valenzuela, Rizal, upon his own request, was recruited by the colonial government to serve as a physician in war torn cuba.
A DECLARATION OF MARTIAL LAW
BONIFACIO IN CAVITE
the disunity of the Katipuneros in Cavite proved to be disastrous when Governor General Polovieja launched on offensive attak late that december. To solve once and for all the katipunan leadership in the Province, Bonifacio, who was at that time holding Morong, was invited to mediate beetween the two councila. He arrived in Cavite toward the end of December 1896, with his wife, brothers procopoi and ciriaco, and twenty soldiers. He was met by Aguinaldo ang Evangalista
THE DEATH OF BONIFACIO
Aguinaldo ordered the arrest of the Bonifacio brothers with Col. Agapito bonzon to carry it out. In Limbon, Indang, Andres Bonifacio was located. A skirmish ensued. Ciriaco was killed instanly as Procopio was severely wounded. Andres ran towards Procopio to protect him. As he was waving his arms for a ceasefire, Andres was shot at his upper chest ang fell.
THE PACT OF BIAK NA BATO
By the end of june 1897, the spaniard were in full control of the province cavite. Aguinaldo and his forces retreated to malapad na bato (now fort Bonifacio). montalban, and finally at bulacan, in san miguel , bulacan he estabished the biak-na-bato Republic on november 1, 1897. A constiution for this was drafted by isabelo antacho and felix ferrer.
THE TEJEROS CONVENTION
On March 22, 1897, the Tejeros convention was held. The men argued once more over the issue of dissolving the katipunan and establishing a new revolutionary goverment. after a brief recess , bonifacio took over as chairman. he decide to give in to the demand of a newgoverment.
THE DEATH OF BONIFACIO
Aguinaldo ardered the arrest of the bonifacio brothers with col. Agapito Bonzon to carry it out, in limbon, indang, andres bonifacio was located. a skirmish ensued. ciriaco was killed instanly as procopio was severely wounded. andres ran towards procopio to protect him.
VIOLATIONS TO THE PACT
The peaceful condition that was brought about by the pact of Biak-na-bato was temporary and artificials in nature because both parties did not faithfully comply with the provinsions of the agreement. learning from past events the spanish goverment did not fulfill the promised pardon to the revolutions.