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Alberta Oil Sands
Transcript of Alberta Oil Sands
Canada has become the world's second largest producer of oil, behind Saudi Arabia. What are Oil Sands? The oil sands are a naturally occurring mixture of sand, clay or other minerals, water and bitumen.
Bitumen is a heavy and extremely viscous oil that must be treated before it can be used to produce usable fuels such as gasoline and diesel. Oil sands are sometimes called tar sands because they are similar to tar in smell and colour.
The Alberta government decided to call the tar sands "oil sands" because they thought that tar sands sounded too much like "dirty oil". Bitumen is so thick that at room temperature it acts much like cold molasses (viscous). Where are the Oil Sands? The oil sands of Alberta cover approximately
140,000 square kilometers (about the size of the Province of Nova Scotia). How do we Extract Oil From the Oil Sands? Oil sands are mined and processed to generate oil similar to oil pumped from standard oil wells, but extracting oil from oil sands is more complex than normal oil recovery.
Oil sands recovery processes include extraction and separation systems to separate the bitumen from the clay, sand, and water that make up the oil sands.
Because it is so thick (viscous), it also requires dilution (make thinner or liquefy to make it flow through pipelines better. Why are the Oil Sands Important? Oils sands are a recoverable source of petroleum that exists all over the globe, not just in the Middle East.
They comprise more than 2 trillion barrels of the Earth's petroleum, even though most of it lies too deep to be recovered and processed. Advantages and Disadvantages of Developing the Oil Sands Advantages It has a very large supply of oil and it is the second largest oil field in the world.
At today’s oil prices, the companies which extract the oil make a profit. Advantages ... Continued. By making sure that there is a large supply of oil available, this helps to keep the price of oil relatively low.
Enormous growth possible in well paid jobs and government revenues.
Less than five percent of the available oil has been produced. Greenhouse gas emissions could possibly be minimized through Carbon Capture and Storage technology. Advantages .... Continued. Provides substantial economic benefit in Alberta, such as jobs for Native Americans. Canada can provide a stable source of oil for the world. And now, the Disadvantages Enormous greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Oil sands are already Canada’s largest source of CO2 emissions. Disadvantages ... Continued. Large amounts of water required: roughly three barrels of water to produce one barrel of oil.
Water pollution: roughly three million gallons of toxic waste per day. Fifty square miles now covered in toxic pools. Alberta, with only 10 percent of the population, emits the most GHG emissions of any province. Provincial government has been slow to respond. Takes a lot of energy to extract energy from the oil sands compared to other sources such as drilling or nuclear energy. Disadvantages ... Continued. Destructive to major boreal forest, an important carbon sink (takes carbon dioxide out of the air).
Widespread habitat destruction, both on land and water
Destructive to Aboriginal ancestral lands
Requires expensive and risky pipeline to reach faraway markets The Canadian Federal Government Approves Purchase The purchase of Nexen and Progress Energy, two Canadian companies working in the oil sands, has been approved.
CNOOC stands for China National Offshore Oil Corporation and Petronas is a Malaysian oil and gas company.
The federal government has approved both CNOOC’s purchase of Nexen Inc. and Petronas’ purchase of Progress Energy Resources Corporation.
Industry Minister, Christian Paradis, said he was satisfied that the purchases made by Petronas and CNOOC were likely to be good for Canada. Who Supports and who Opposes The Sale of Canadian Oil Sands Companies? People in favour of this decision believe that extracting oil from the oil sands takes a massive amount of money and there are not enough wealthy Canadian companies capable of making the necessary investments.
People opposed to this decision believe that, in the past, these kinds of takeovers have resulted in job losses.
Alberta Premier, Alison Redford, said her government was “pleased” with the Federal government’s decisions.
In my point of view, I think this is good for Canada because there were not a lot of Canadian Companies which could invest in the oil sands and it is also good for Canada's development. Previous Government Decisions Regarding the Oil Sands Oil Pipeline Leak Environmental Disaster Responsible Actions Plan is a 20-year plan that will provide a carefully thought out and cooperative approach to responsibly managing the oil sands areas.
It supports Alberta’s long-term vision for the oil sands which includes:
a balanced approach to economic development and environmental protection;
innovative, responsible and cooperative development among all levels of government and stakeholders of the oil sands; and
clean, healthy and lively communities for Albertan' s, now and for future generations.
In my point of view, I think that this plan is good because if the plan is thought out well now, then we will have time to make new technology or to hire new people for new jobs.
Also, I think that people have a right to live in a healthy environment because the air is clean and there would be no pollution in the air or on the ground. Responsible Actions: A Plan for Alberta’s Oil Sands Bibliography - My Information Sources http://www2.macleans.ca/2012/12/07/harper-government-approves-cnooc-and-petronas-deals/cnooc-nexen/
http://ostseis.anl.gov/includes/dsp_photozoom.cfm?imgname=TarSands-600.jpg&caption=Tar%20Sands&callingpage=/guide/tarsands/index.cfm&callingttl=Tar%20Sands%20Basics&source=Source:%20Suncor%20Energy%20Inc. Do you have any questions? I hope you learned some amazing facts about the Alberta Oil Sands which will help you understand how government decisions play such an important role in modern energy development
And now .... drum roll ...
welcome Sean who will talk to you about Eco Friendly Energy in Ontario.
Listen up people!!!!! You will now learn about this other interesting topic, but first, it is time to.....
YES, YOU GUESED IT ... IT'S TIME TO DANCE!
Get your heart pumping and your brain engaged!
WELCOME SEAN Welcome to the Oil Sands of Alberta A presentation of how the decisions of the Alberta government affects the environment, native peoples and the economy. Created and Presented By: Kaitlyn Donnelly Breaking News ... did you hear? On March 28, 2013, the Alberta Provincial Government announced a 30% reduction in the price of the oil it obtains from the Oil Sands.
This is due to, what it claims is, President Obama's slow decision to accept the building of the Keystone XL Pipeline which will see the sale of Alberta crude to the southern United States (his decision is expected in the next few months).
Prime Minister Harper is now forming alternative relationships with eastern provinces and countries such as China to expand its oil selling market.
In April 2013, a strong campaign has been launched by environmental activists opposing the Keystone XL Pipeline trying to convince President Obama not to extend the pipeline into the USA.