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Great Expectations Project

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Joseph Murad

on 16 December 2014

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Transcript of Great Expectations Project

Pip's Heroic Journey
Great Expectations Project
Joseph Murad per. 3 Mr. Favero
Archetypal Characters
Conclusion
Joe
Mrs. Joe
Miss Havisham
Herbert Pocket
Magwitch
Estella
Separation: The Call
#1
#2
Separation: Allies
#3
Separation: The Preparation
#4
Separation: Guardian(s) of the Threshold
#5
Separation: Crossing the Threshold
#6
Initiation: Road of Trials
#7
Initiation: The Saving Experience
#8
Initiation: Transformation
#9
Return: The Return
#10
Return: Sharing the Gift
Pip's initial call to action occurs when he is confronted by the convict, Magwitch. Magwitch forces Pip to bring him food and a file, which can be seen as an unwilling call to adventure because this triggers the chain of events that begin the story. Also, the reader can see Pip's refusal to the call when he hesitates when stealing from Joe and Mrs. Joe and by the nevousness he expresses the night before doing so.
Call: "...'You get me a file...And you get me wittles.' He tilted me again. 'You bring 'em both to me.' He tilted me again. 'Or I'll have your heart and liver out'" (Dickens 5).
Refusal to the Call: "If I slept at all that night, it was only to imagine myself drifting down the river...I was afraid to sleep, even if I had been inclined, for I knew that at the first faint dawn of morning I must rob the pantry" (Dickens 15).
Joe is the first of Pip's allies that is presented in the novel. This can be concluded because throughout the story Joe continues to help Pip out and gives Pip advice to make him a better person. Another one of Pip's allies in the story is Biddy. Pip goes to Biddy during his time at school so that he can learn many things from her. Pip sees Biddy as a good friend and goes to her when he needs help.
"'...namely, that lies is lies. Howsever they come, they didn't ought to come, and they come from the father of lies, and work round to the same. Don't you tell more of 'em Pip. That ain't the way to get out of being common'" (69).
"Much of my unassisted self, and more by the help of Biddy than of Mr. Woplse's great-aunt, I struggled through the alphabet as if it had been a bramble bush..." (43).
Pip's preparation to take his journey begins when he first meets Mr. Jaggers and he questions Pip about the trip that is going to take place. Pip must be in compliance with these rules before embarking to London to become an upper-class gentleman.
"...'Keep to the record. If you long for it now, that's enough. Am I answered that you are ready to be placed at once, under some proper tutor? Is that it? I stammered, yes that was it" (134-5).
The guardians of the threshold can be considered Joe and Biddy, Pip's friends. This is valid because as Pip prepares himself to leave for London (threshold) he is confronted by Biddy who expressing a sadness for him leaving. He speaks of helping Joe in the future to which Biddy explains why he would not want this help. When she does this, Pip takes it as jealousy and hurts her feelings by calling her envious the night before leaving, effecting their relationship before the point of no return.
"'Not all of one kind,' resumed Biddy. 'He may be too proud to let anyone take him out of a place that he is competent to fill, and fills well and with respect'...'Now Biddy,' said I, 'I am very sorry to see this in you. I did not expect to see this in you. You are envious...'" (143-4).
Pip crosses the threshold when he leaves his common, low class home for a life in London. He has reached the point where he cannot turn back and go home. He has become determined to be an upper-class gentleman with wealth. Also, as he is leaving he narrates to the reader that he cannot go back or go home, that he must continue onward with his journey for an uncommon life
"We changed again, and yet again, and it was now too late and too far to go back, and I went on. And the mists had all solemnly risen now, and the world lay spread before me" (154).
Pip's journey of maturation in the novel assists the readers in discovering their own journeys. Pip strives to become a better person in a better social position. This case is the same for countless readers around the world. Everyone wants to do and be better. Along the way Pip makes mistakes and gets lost, as anyone would. This makes him seem more human-like and imperfect. A main mistake made by Pip is how his attitude toward his friends changes when he earns money and becomes a "gentleman". He becomes more interested in others with wealth like himself, than his friends in lower class condition. For many readers the same is true. In our generation, when a student goes from middle school to high school, they change. Sometimes they forget about their old friends and act as if they are "too cool" for them. Like Pip, many of these people realize what they are doing and go back to their roots and old friends. In this way, Pip's journey to maturity relates back to the journey that everyone faces. This makes Pip a more desirable character because the reader is able to put themselves in his shoes.
On his road to be a gentleman, Pip faces many internal challenges. The first is when Joe comes to visit him. Pip is scared of how Joe will react to his new life so he treats Joe with arrogance and tries not to notice him. This makes for an awkward conversation and a growing guilt in Pip for mistreating Joe. Also, Pip begins to understand that he is becoming a snobbish man. Because of this he feels guilty for mistreating his best friends, Joe and Biddy. To make matters worse and to further his internal conflict, Pip's sister, Mrs. Joe, dies. This event truly effects Pip and his actions in the future.
"Then he fell into such unaccountable fits of meditation, with his fork midway between his plate and his mouth; his eyes attracted in such strange directions...I had neither the good sense nor the good feeling to know that this was all my fault, and that if I had been easier with Joe, Joe would have been easier with me" (213-4).
"We shut our outer door on these solemn occasions in order that we might not be interrupted. I had fallen into my serene state one evening, when we heard a letter dropped through the slit in the said door...they begged to inform me that Mrs. J. Gargery had departed this life...The figure of my sister in her chair by the kitchen fire, haunted me night and day" (268-9).
In the novel Pip's saving experience is when he discovers that the convict, Abel Magwitch, is his real benefactor. This is because after this discovery he begins to see things differently. Pip saw how his kindness changed Magwitch and found out that Magwitch wanted to change Pip into the gentleman he always wanted to be. When he became wealthy, he did not care much about his old friends; however, seeing the drastic change of heart in a criminal caused him to rethink what he has become.
"'Yes, Pip, dear boy, I've made a gentleman on you! It's me wot has done it! I swore that time, sure as ever I earned a guinea, that guinea should go to you. I swore arterwards, sure as ever I spec'lated and got rich, you should get rich. I lived rough, that you should live smooth; I worked hard that you should be above work'...The abhorrence in which I held the man, the dread I had of him, the repugnance which I shrank from him..." (309)
The beginning of Pip's transformation can be marked by the amount of care and compassion he has toward Magwitch. To Pip, Magwitch is just a convict who wanted to share his money, but as Pip discovers his kindness and misfortune, he wants to help him as much as he can. Also, the reader sees Pip transform when the reader sees him go back to a childhood inn, where he remembers all that he has lost. Pip shows great regret to the loss of Joe's friendship and seems humbled by the whole ordeal, evincing his transformation.
"...but it struck me that he was softened-indefinably, for I could not have said how, and could never afterwards recal how when I tried; but certainly...reflection, had resulted in my fully determining to say nothing to him respecting Compeyson. For anything I knew, his animosity towards the man might otherwise lead his seeking him out..." (363).
"I have never been struck at so keenly, for my thankfullness to Joe, as through brazen imposter Pumblechook. the falser he, the truer Joe, the meaner he, the nobler Joe. My heart was deeply and most deservedly humbled as I mused over the fire for an hour or more" (404)
Pip's return can be described when Joe comes to Pip's aid when he is extremely sick. This is not a physical return, but it signifies his return to his old ways because he is able to reconcile with Joe. The two characters go back to being friends and the snobbish acts of Pip have been long since forgotten.
"'Which dear old Pip, old chap,' said Joe, 'you and me was ever friends. And after you're well enough to go out for a ride-what larks!' After which, Joe withdrew to the window to the window, and stood with his back towards me wiping his eyes" (446)
The gift that Pip discovers during his journey is the idea that being a gentleman does not require a high class or even wealth. He also learns that he must treat all people, especially his old friends with respect. The sharing of this gift is shown when Pip finally goes back home at the end of the novel and visits Joe, Biddy, and their new son. He treats them with a new found respect and seems to look up to them. In a way he shares his new gift by act differently towards everyone.
"I thought so too, and I took him out for a walk nex morning, and we talked immensely, understanding one another to perfection. And I took him down to the churchyard, and set him on a certain tombstone there, and he showed me from that elevation which stone was sacred to the memory of Philip Pirrip, late of this Parish, and also Georgina..." (463).
Joe's character can be described as the archetypal mentor of the story. Throughout the novel, Joe repeatedly tries to help Pip through life and to give him advice. He does this even when it is not wanted by Pip. Many times in the story Pip does not listen to Joe and discredits him on numerous occasions. But, when Pip realizes how much Joe has and still does for him, he starts to thank Joe and take in every word he says. Joe always tried to keep Pip on the right path to manhood and wanted him to grow up into a good and morally just person. It is his actions along with those of Magwitch that bring him back to his roots and turn him into a hardworking gentleman. Finally, Joe is the story's mentor because he appeared in Pip's time of need and cared for him will giving him advice to move on.
MENTOR
BAD MOTHER
In the novel, Mrs. Joe, Pip's sister, plays the archetypal role of the bad mother. Mrs. Joe is Pip's sister, but since his parents died, she served as a mother-figure for Pip. Unfortunately, she did not treat him very well and beat him countless times. Despite all that she did for him (housing and feeding him), she still expresses resent and disrespect toward him. Through all of this, Pip still honors her, especially in her death. This is because Pip mourns over her much more than he would have expected to. Even though she treated him harshly and beat him as a bad mother, she was still a mother to him. It is for these reason that the reader can conclude that Mrs. Joe is the bad mother figure.
"'I done what I could to keep you and Tickler in sunders, but my power were not always fully equal to my inclinations. For when your sister had a mind to drop into you, it were not so much...that she dropped into me too, if I put mself in opposition to her...'" (451)
"...had established a great reputation with herself and the neighbors because she had brought me up "by hand." Having at that time to find out for myself what the expression meant, and knowing her to have a hard and heavy hand, and to be much in the habit of laying it upon her husband as well as upon me, I suppose that Joe Gargery and I were both brought up by hand" (8).
Trickster
In the novel, Miss Havisham plays the role of the trickster. The reader can come to this point because Miss Havisham is the one who always makes Estella deceive her suitors. She was tricked by her fiance many years ago, so she deliberately tries to deceive anyone who would want to marry her adopted daughter. Her intentions throughout the book is to seek revenge on all men, no matter who they are, using Estella as a conduit. Miss Havisham plays the role of the trickster because she quite literally makes Estella trick/deceive, not just Pip, but all young men
"...Estella was set to wreak Miss Havisham's revenge on men, and that she was not to be given to me until she had gratified it for a term. I saw in this, a reason for her being beforehand assigned to me. Sending her out to attract and torment and do mischief, Miss Havisham sent her with the malicious assurance that she was beyond the reach of all admirers..." (293).
FEMME FATALE
"...but in that habitual way of hers, she put me so entirely out of the question, that I could believe nothing of the kind. 'Pip,' said Estella...'don't be foolish about its effect on you. It may have its effect on others, and may be meant to have'...'Do you deceive and entrap him, Estella?' 'Yes, and many others...'" (302).
Estella's role in the novel is the femme fatale. This is so because she is made out to ensnare men with her wealth and good looks to want to court her. When they do so, she treats them harsh and denies them, no matter who they are. To a lesser degree, she does this to Pip as well. Estella deceives men because she was taught to do so by her adopted mother Miss Havisham. Despite her true innocence, she still tries to trick many men, including Pip, into courting her, only to break their hearts later on. Finally, in the case of Pip, she leads him off his track to becoming a true gentleman and toys with his heart. The reader can see this as one of the causes of Pip becoming a snobbish man.
WISE OLD MAN
Throughout the story, Magwitch plays the role of a wise old man. The reader decided that Joe was the mentor because at many times Pip chose not to listen to him. However, when Pip meets Magwitch again after all those years and learns that he is his real benefactor, he almost instantly transforms. The story of his life gives a sense of experience that only a wise old man can give. All of his advice to Pip came through the story of his life and in a way, he can be seen as an example to Pip by his change of heart. It is his great gifts to Pip that teaches him the importance of family and friends and to not take it all for granted. In the reader's eyes, Magwitch is truly the wise old man because his knowledge leads Pip to have a change in heart and go back to his roots as a hard working man.
"'Look'ee here, Pip. I'm your second father. You're my son-more than nor any son. I've put away money, only for you to spend. When I was a hired out shepherd in a solitary hut, not seeing faces but faces of sheep till I half-forgot wot men's and women's faces wos like, I see yourn..." (309).
ALLY/SIDEKICK
In the novel, Herbert Pocket's character can be described as an ally/sidekick to Pip. This is true because as soon as Pip met Herbert, they instantly became friends. Herbert was always loyal to Pip and never tricked him, even when Pip was a aggressive and disrespectful man. Herbert was there for Pip in all of his troubles and never left his side. He was true to his word was always the first to come to Pip's aid. Even in the end of the novel, Herbert still helped Pip, for he gave him a job in his own business for eleven years. Finally, Herbert Pocket is the story's sidekick because he remained true to his close friend, Pip, until the end.
"'Handel...you feel convinced that you can take no further benefits from him; do you?' 'Fully. Surely you would, too, if you were in my place?' 'And you feel convinced that you must break with him?' 'Herbert, can you ask me?' 'And you have, and are bond to have, that tenderness for the life he has risked on your account, that you must save him, if possible, from throwing it away'" (331-2).
"'Lookee here, old chap,' said Joe, bending over me. 'Ever the best of friends, ain't us, Pip?' I was ashamed to answer him. 'Wery good, then...'" (451).
"By this time, my sister was quite desperate, so she pounced on Joe, and, taking him by the whiskers, knocked his head for a little while against th wall behind him: while I sat in the corner, looking guiltily on" (12).
"'So proud, so proud!' moaned Miss Havisham, pushing away her grey hair with both her hands. 'Who taught me to be proud?' returned Estella. 'Who praised me when I learnt my lesson?' So hard, so hard!' moaned Miss Havisham..." (296).
"He relinquished them with an agreeable smile, and combated with the door as if it were a wild beast. It yielded so suddenly at last, that he staggered back upon me, and I staggered back upon the opposite door, and we both laughed...as if this must be a dream" (166).
"'I said to Pip, I knowed as I had been low. But don't fret yourself on that score. I ain't made Pip a gentleman, and Pip ain't a going to make you a gentleman, not fur me not to know what's due to ye both. Dear boy, and Pip's comrade, you two may count upon me always having a gen-teel muzzle on'" (328).
"'...if you had taught her...that there was such a thing as daylight, but that it was made to be her enemy and destroyer, and she must always turn against it...if you had done this, and then, for a purpose, had wanted her to take naturally to the daylight amd she could not do it, you would have been disappointed and angry?'" (296-7).
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