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Chapter 8 Section 2
Transcript of Chapter 8 Section 2
with the legislative, or lawmaking, branch. Congress Made up of 2 bodies, the House of Representatives
and the Senate.
Most important power is to make the nation's laws.
All laws start as proposals called bills. The House of Representatives Very large, 435 members.
Based on population, with larger states having more representatives than smaller states. Every state has at least one representative.
The leader of the house is called the Speaker. Senate Based on equal representation, with two senators
for each state.
The Vice President is president of the Senate. Elastic Clause Says that Congress make all laws which shall
be necessary and proper
Enables Congress to stretch its powers to deal with
the changing needs of the nation.
Americans have long debated the true meaning
of the elastic clause. Committees The House and the Senate have permanent committees.
Each committee deals with a specific topic.
The committees study new bills.
Joint committees made up of both Senate and House members are sometimes formed.
One of the most important kinds of joint committees is the conference committee. The Executive Branch Carry out the laws and run the affairs of the national
The president is head of the Executive Branch.
Other members include the Vice President, the Cabinet,
and the many departments and agencies that help them in their work. Roles of the President The President is are highest elected official and along with the Vice President, the only one who represents all Americans.
The President carries out the nation's laws.
The President directs foreign policy and has the power to make treaties with other nations and to appoint ambassadors.
The President is Commander in Chief of the armed forces.
The President suggests new laws and works for their passage
The President is the living symbol of the nation.
The President welcomes foreign leaders, makes speeches
to commemorate national holidays, and give
medals to national heroes. Electing the President Elected for a four-year term.
No President maybe elected to more than two complete terms.
The candidate who receives a majority of the electoral votes nation wide becomes President. The Judicial Branch The Constitution establishes a Supreme Court and authorizes Congress to establish any other courts that are needed.
A party that disagrees with the decision of the judge or jury may appeal it, that is, ask that the decision be reviewed by a higher court.
The Supreme Court is the top of the Judicial Branch.
unconstitutional means not allowed under the Constitution. Checks and Balances The system of checks and balances allows each of the three branches of government to check, or limit, the power of the other two .
The President can check the actions of Congress by vetoing, or rejecting, bills that Congress has passed.
Congress can check the President by overriding, or overruling, the veto.
Congress's most extreme check on the President is to remover the President from office.
To do this, the House of Representatives must impeach, or bring charges of serious wrongdoing against,
The Senate then conducts a trial.
Only two presidents were impeached
by the house.
(Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton)