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Fitness Training and Programming
Transcript of Fitness Training and Programming
List the components of fitness.
Explain the components of fitness.
Create a needs analysis for a specific sport.
" The ability to function efficiently and effectively, to enjoy lesiure, to be healthy."
- Oxford dictionary of Sports
Science and Medicine, 2006
Components of Fitness
However, in 1995, Bill Tancred suggested that as exercise scientists we need to look at the components in more detail.
Flexibility is the ability to achieve an extended range of motion without being impeded by excess tissue, i.e. fat or muscle
Balance is the ability to control the body's position, either stationary or while moving
Basic fitness can be classified into seven main components;
He identified nine components that make up physical fitness.
Local muscle endurance
Strength is the extent to which muscles can exert force by contracting against resistance.
Power is the ability to exert maximum muscular contraction instantly in an explosive burst of movements.
The two ingredients of power are strength and speed.
Agility is the ability to perform a series of explosive power movements in rapid succession in opposing directions.
Local Muscle Endurance
Local Muscle Endurance is a single muscles ability to perform sustained work
Cardiovascular Endurance is the hearts ability to deliver blood to working muscles and their ability to use it
Strength Endurance is a muscles ability to perform a maximum contraction time after time
Co-ordination is the ability to integrate the the actions of different parts of the body to produce smooth, successful movements.
You will now need to complete a needs analysis for a selected sport. You will need to be able to justify your selections to the group at the end.
The needs analysis we completed were for general players in that sport. Does players positions matter?
Tancred suggest that there are 9 components of fitness. Is there anything else you think should be included?
Health Related Fitness
height and weight