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Figurative Language

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by

Sarah Anderson

on 26 September 2013

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Transcript of Figurative Language

Figurative Language
RL.8.4

Some Types of Figurative Language
Some More Figurative Language
A Few More Examples of Figurative Language
alliteration
Definition:
a figure of speech formed by repeating the same initial consonant sound in several words in close succession
Example:
Missy melted when she met Alec at the door and saw him in his handsome suit.
assonance
Definition:
the repetition of vowel sounds but not consonants in words for poetic effect
Example:
Missy might like to try the pie.
allusion
Definition:
a reference in a story to the proper name of a character, thing, or setting from another literary work or from real life
Example:
With her hair done up just right, a beautiful ball gown, and a date who made her heart go pitter-pat, Missy felt like Cinderella on the night of her prom.
hyperbole
Definition:
an exaggeration for effect
Example:
Missy’s mother insisted that Missy not leave for prom with her face covered in a ton of make-up.
idiom
Definition:
an expression that means something other than the literal meanings of its individual words
Example:
When Alec and Missy left the prom and headed for the diner, it was raining cats and dogs.
metaphor
Definition:
a comparison of two things not using “like” or “as”
Example:
The gym in which prom was held was a furnace.
onomatopoeia
Definition:
the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named
Example:
Missy eyed her hamburger hungrily as she watched it sizzle on the grill.
personification
Definition:
giving human attributes to something nonhuman
Example:
The thunder clapped angrily as Missy and Alec sought shelter in Hal’s Diner.
simile
Definition:
a comparison between two unlike things using “like” or “as”
Example:
Missy was as beautiful as a September sunset in her new dress and smart shoes.
Wait! What's the difference between a metaphor and a simile?
A
simile
always contains the words "like" or "as". A
metaphor
never does.

Watch the following video and write down the similes and metaphors that you hear.
similes vs. metaphors
Now it's your turn!
Use the Norman Rockwell picture "After the Prom" to write an example of each type of figurative language. See the handout and rubric for more details.
"After the Prom" by Norman Rockwell
Handout
Scoring Rubric
Meaning
As someone who rarely got dressed up, Missy felt very special when she was all dolled up for the prom. Just like Cinderella after the Fairy Godmother dolled her all up, Missy felt like she was living in a fairy tale.
Meaning
Obviously Missy would not leave for prom with 2,000 pounds of makeup on her face. This hyperbole demonstrates just how important it was to Missy's mom that she not overdo her makeup. The drastic exaggeration shows the importance the mother placed on wearing just a little makeup.
Meaning
"It's raining cats and dogs" is a common saying people use when it is raining very hard outside. When the drops are pounding down and they can be obviously felt, seen, and heard, it might feel like something big and heavy (ie. cats and dogs) might be falling from the sky.
Meaning
Obviously a school would not hold a prom in a furnace. The author (me!) is demonstrating just how hot the gym was. Comparing the gym to something that gets very hot (because the inside of a furnace is scorching) allows the reader to imagine just how hot the location actually was.
Meaning
When something (especially something with fat) cooks over high heat, it creates a sound that is easy to identify. The sound of a steak "sizzling" mimics the word "sizzle", thus making it an example of onomatopoeia.
Meaning
Obviously thunder can't clap. Thunder doesn't have hands--or the mental capacity to know that it is purposely making a noise! In addition, being angry is not something the sky can be. Because clapping and being angry are human characteristics, asserting that nature does them are examples of giving human characteristics to something nonhuman.
Meaning
Comparing the beauty of Missy to the beauty of a September sunset underscores just how fresh, natural, and breathtaking Missy looked at prom. It is generally agreed upon that September sunsets are beautiful, so this simile implies that most people would agree that Missy looked gorgeous that night.
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