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Ocean

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on 17 February 2015

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Transcript of Ocean

What's hurting the ocean?
Climate Change
Solutions
Point Sources
Industrial facilities should install a pretreatment system than can remove toxic compounds, and then send the partially treated waste water to the municipal system.

For storm drain, filtration systems and waste treatment systems can be installed like the existing treatment systems for the sewage.
Solution
Non-Point Source
Farmers may utilize erosion control to reduce runoff flows and retain soil on their fields. Common practices include crop rotation and contour plowing.
Interesting Facts about the Ocean:
The largest of all biomes
Less than 10% of the Ocean has been explored
We know more about Mars!
Mariana Trench part is about 7 miles deep
OPEN OCEAN
What is Open Ocean?

Why is it important?

What are the current issues that impact us and marine life?

How can we make a difference?
What is Open Ocean?
Historically and Culturally

The origin of life
The sole provider
A way of life
Industrial/Modern Age

Recreation
Provider of food
Taken for granted
Our Role
Harvesting
Regulating
Conserving
Polluting
What we can do
We have a variety of options and duties to follow
Laws and agreements have been put into place by state and federal agencies. Violators will face fines or imprisonment.

Environmental groups, such as "Greenpeace," have brought public awareness and action to many issues.
Solutions

The Water Cycle
The Ocean is an important part of the Water Cycle
Why is the the Ocean
Salty?
Overfishing
Trash
Oil Spills
Overfishing
Source: http://wwf.panda.org/about_our_earth/blue_planet/problems/problems_fishing/
The global fishing fleet is 2-3 times larger than what the oceans can sustainably support.
3.) Unfair Fisheries Partnership
Agreements
2.) Pirate Fishers
1.) Poor Fisheries Management
Trash
Source: http://5gyres.org/what_is_the_issue/the_problem/
Nearly every food product we buy is made petroleum plastic- a material designed to last forever.
To increase the fish population, hatcheries raise fish and release them. Also quotas are being set to limit the number of fish being caught.

Everyone has to be respectful to the ocean and understand how it effects the balance of the global environment (for example, everyone should always recycle empty water bottles and household plastics, so they don't end up in the ocean.
"We live in a throwaway culture"
We currently recover only 5% of the plastics we produce.
Oil Spills
Source: http://www.nwf.org/What-We-Do/Protect-Habitat/Gulf-Restoration/Oil-Spill/Effects-on-Wildlife.aspx
Oil coated over birds and sea turtles.
Mammals could have ingested oil
Decreased Fish and Wildlife Populations

Unbalanced Food Web
Long Term Impacts:
Immediate Impacts
:
Climate Changes
Eighty to 90 percent of the heat from global warming is going into Earth's oceans
What's causing the problems?
Burning of fossil fuel is the main source.
When the ocean warms it takes less CO2.
Which results to some sea creatures like
claims and oysters shells/skeltons to weaken
Full transcript