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Harleen Toor

on 26 January 2015

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Transcript of Space

4th from the sun
mas:641,693,000,000,000 billion
equatorial diameter 6,805
2 moons
takes 1.88 years to go
around the sun
temperature is -87 to -5°c
Fun Fact:Mars is named after the Roman god of war.
formed 4.6 billion years ago
synchronized rotation with earth
diameter:3,475 km
takes 27.3 earth days to orbit earth
temperature is -233 to 123°c
12 people walked on the moon (the 1st person was Neil Armstrong in 1969)
Fun facts:The moon is

There are millions of them
mostly created from leftovers
mostly found between mars and Jupiter
3 types
unlikely that an asteroid will hit earth
Milky Way
Fun fact: Asteroids are
part of the reason
dinosaurs aren't here today.
7th planet from the sun
equatorial diameter:51,118km
27 moon
13 rings
takes 84.02 earth years to orbit sun
surface temperature -197°c
discovered by William Herschel on March 13th 1781
mass is 14.536×earth
looks blue because of the water,ammonia and methane ice crystals
on a 98° axial tilt
Fun Fact: Uranus
is named after the
greek sky god named Ouranos.
8th planet from the sun
mass is 17.15xearth
14 moons
takes 164.79 earth years to orbit the sun
temperature -201°c
discovered by Urbain Le Verrier & Johann Galle on September 23rd 1846
5 thin rings
methane absorbs red light and makes Neptune blue
Equatorial diameter is 49,528
has large wind storms (biggest storm is named Great Dark Spot and lasted 5 years)
Fun Fact:Neptune is
named after the
god of sea.It is
also the fist planet
to be found by a
mathematical prediction.
13.2 billion years old
looks mostly white
redder than other galaxies
looks like a patch of milk
tinted blue edges
spiral shaped
temperature is 100,000 to 1 million kelvin
Discovered by Galileo Galilee in 1610
Romans called it "via lactea" they got it from the greeks who called "galaxias - kyklos"
over 200 billion moons and stars
only 90% of milky way is visible
Fun Facts: In China they call the milky way the silver river.
takes 88 days to orbit around the sun
diameter 4,879
radios is 2,440
0 moons
dark grey and rocky
has a layer of dust
4.6 billion years old
temperature is -173°c (night) and 427°c (day)
average temperature is 179°c
little to no atmosphere (doesn't affect earth weather)
Fun Fact:Mercury has a cold side and a hot side.
takes 224.7 days to orbit the sun
called earths sister
Earth and Venus have a 638km diameter difference
has 81.5% of earths mass
0 moons
diameter 12,104km
4.6 billion years old
3rd brightest object in the night sky
Babylonian astronomers recorded this in the 17th century BC
Named after the Roman goddess or love and beauty but using the greek form
1nd hottest planet (despite mercury being the closest to the sun)
average temperature is 400°c to 470°c
It's yellow with red rocks (they look the same color as the planet from earth)
Fun Facts:At one point
Venus was thought to be a
tropical paradise.
don't have a specific age
black or grey
rough textured
can catch on fire when entering earth atmosphere
usually found mixed in the asteroid belt (between mars and Jupiter)
size varies (can be a few cm in diameter or 1/2 to 1 km)
temperature when on fire is about 2,000 kelvins
normal temperature (not on fire) 90 to 300°
discovered by Giuseppe Piazzi in 1801 (he discovered an asteroid but asteroids are baby meteoroids to technically he did discover meteoroids)
Fun Fact:Meteoroids
keep shrinking
well going through
earth atmosphere.
4.6 billion years old
never been visited by a space craft
brownness could be dirty methane ice
the texture is 30% icy and 70% rocky
has a polar ice cap
3.6 billion km from the sun
7.5 billion km from earth
takes 248 years to orbit the sun
about 157 Pluto's make 1 earth
average temperature is -229°c
discovered by Clyde Tombaugh on
February 18th 1930
named by Venetia Burney
diameter 2,368km
5 moons (Charon,Styx,Nix,Kerberos, Hydra)
Farthest planet from the sun
2nd largest dwarf planet (Eris is the biggest)
Fun Fact: Pluto's rocky core is covered in frozen nitrogen,methane and carbon monoxide.
Saturn orbits the sun once In every 29.9 years
pieces of ice and dust particles make Saturn's ring
Saturn is the flattest planet
the ring is more than 120,700 km
the ring is 20cm thick
mass is 95.16 x Earth
Equatorial diameter 120,536 km
62 moons
takes 29.45 Earth years to orbit the sun
Surface temperature -139 °C
Fun Fact:Named after saturnas the God of agriculture.
4.6 Billion years old
Diameter 1,392,684 km
mass is 333,060 x Earth
Surface Temperature 5500 °C
1 million earths could fit in the sun
contains 99.86% of the mass in the Solar System

1 natural satellite
It takes earn 365 days to go around the sun once
Earth is the 3rd plant from the sun
earth was not names by a god like all the other planets
1 moon
Equatorial Diameter 12,756 km
takes 365.26 Earth days to orbit the sun
surface temperature is -88 to 58°C
around 4.54 billion years old
Jupiter orbits the sun once a time in 11.8 years
4th brightest planet in the solar system
mass is 317.83 x Earth
equatorial diameter is 142,984 km
67 moons
4 rings
takes 11.86 Earth years to orbit the sun
the surface temperature is -108°C
Fun Fact: Jupiter was named after Zeus the God of Thunder
Fun Facts:Sun light takes 8 min to travel from the sun to earth.
Fun Facts:Earth is slowing down by about 17 milliseconds per hundred years.
mostly made of ice with a bit of dust and rock
the main part has water, methane, nitrogen and other ices
when the comet heats up the ice sublimates and ice crystals and dust fall off creating a pair of tails
several comet categories (most common are periodic and non-periodic)
Fun Fact:Comets have 2 tails. The tail that can be seem from a naked eye is a dust tail.The other tail can be seen photographed and its called a plasma tail.
moving 3.8cm away every year.Also, NASA wants to build a permanent space station on the moon.
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