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Transcript of Ecotourism Powerpoint
Environmental considerations must be a priority
Canadians must be educated about conservation
Green Committees in Hotels Canada’s Green Plan Vegetation
Deserts Tourism’s Impact on the Natural Environment Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education Canada Carrying capacity – the maximum # of people who can use a site with only acceptable alteration to the physical environment and only acceptable decline in the quality of the experience for future visitorS Tourism’s Impact cont’d Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education Canada In some ways, Tourism is viewed as a “user” and “abuser” of the environment
We need to limit harm to the environment
There are 2 viewpoints :
Tourism provides an incentive for the restoration of sites and for the conservation of natural resources
Tourism means overcrowding, pollution and maybe even extinction of animal life and vegetation TOURISM’S IMPACT ON THE ENVIRONMENT Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education Canada Tourism supplier & consumer responsibilities:
Minimizing negative economic & environmental impacts
Generating greater economic benefits for locals
Improving working conditions
Involving locals in decisions that affect their lives
Providing meaningful connections with local culture for tourists
Providing access for physically challenged people Ecotourism cont’d Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education Canada Greenwashing – too many tour operators and suppliers using ecotourism to encourage clients yet NOT doing anything to ensure they are being responsible to our ecosystems Ecotourism cont’d Sustainability: Ensuring that you do not use more than can be replaced, that you take care of the resources for future use.
If you use more trees than can be grown to replace the ones you use, you will soon run out of trees. This is NOT sustainable.
If you make sure that all trees that you cut down are replaced by growing trees, then you will not run out of trees. This IS sustainable. Ecotourism is often about Sustainability Responsible travel designed to educate the traveler about interrelationships & physiology of organisms & their environment
Responsible Tourism Ecotourism Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education Canada HARD Adventure
Can be dangerous
Person needs to be fit
Person needs to have trained
E.g. deep sea diving, white water rafting, hiking the West Coast Trail, etc. Adventure Tourism Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education Canada Other Stressors:
Habitat loss or fragmentation (bears)
Disappearance of top predators impacts whole food chain
Pollution (air pollution, pesticides/herbicides)
Alien Species (non native animals/plants)
Overuse Stressors External stressors: building of roads, establishment of businesses, increased use of land by people Any event that causes the alteration or demise of a species Stressors Emphasis is moving from use to maintenance and protection
Challenged with maintaining the integrity of parks’ ecosystems which is defined as”
Having their native components intact
Ecosystem processes Management Plans of Parks Canada Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education Canada Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education Canada Dealing with climate warming seriously
Reducing carbon dioxide released into the air
Fuel efficient, non-carbon-producing methods of energy Balancing The Negative Environmental Impact Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education Canada Ecotourists tend to be more mature, have post-secondary education, prefer longer trips and are often willing to pay more for this type of tourism
Growing areas of interest: cultural and heritage tourism The Ecotourism Market Segment Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education Canada SOFT Adventure
Little or no preparation
E.g. trail hiking, canoeing on a small lake, etc. Adventure Tourism Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education Canada Much of our Canadian wilderness is owned by the federal or provincial governments – known as Crown Land
Most adventure tourism occurs on Crown land
E.g. province of British Columbia
92% is provincial Crown land
1% is federal Crown land
5% is privately owned
2% covered by water Crown Lands