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Copy of Copy of Nail Disease and Disorders

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by

Sylvia White

on 22 January 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Copy of Nail Disease and Disorders

ONYCATROPHIA
BRUISED NAILS
Caused by blood clot forming under the nail plate resulting in a dark purplish spot

HANGNAIL (AGNAIL)
a condition in which the living skin splits around the nail; skin dryness or cutting the living tissue can result in hangnails.
NAIL DISORDERS
Conditions caused by injury to the nail, disease or imbalance in the body. As a professional, you must recognize those conditions you can treat or cosmetically improve and those which must be referred to a PHYSICIAN!
Nail Diseases and Disorders
BEAU'S LINES
also known as furrows or depressions
run across the width of nail
LEUKONYCHIA (WHITE SPOTS)
Whitish discoloration of the nail
caused by injury to the base of the nail or nail matrix - eventually will grow out.
HINT: if the area to be worked on is inflamed, infected, broken, or swollen, it should be referred to a physician!!!!
Due to injury
Treat gently and avoid pressure!!!
EGGSHELL NAILS
Noticeably thin white nail plate
More flexible than normal
Nail separates from free edge
Curves at free edge
Caused by improper diet, internal disease, medication or nervous disorder
Be gentle and careful; these nails are
fragile and break easy. Use fine side of emery board and DO NOT USED A METAL PUSHER.
cause by illness or injury to the nail cells in or near the matrix and by pregnancy or stress
if lines run length wise this can be caused by
psoriasis, poor circulation, and frost bite
Treat with care, avoid using a metal pusher
use plastic or cotton wrapped orangewood stick
hot oil manicures will help
NEVER CUT LIVING TISSUE
hangnails can become INFECTED!!!!
IF REDNESS, PAIN SWELLING, OR PUS IS PRESENT
REFER TO PHYSICIAN!!
ONYCHOPHAGY (BITTEN NAILS)
caused by an acquired nervous habit
Frequent manicures and care or the hardened
cuticle will help overcome this habit
ONYCHORRHEXIS
split or brittle nails



Excessive use of cuticle solvents, harsh
cleaning supplies, polish removers,
aggressive filing, or hereditary causes.
Nail services can be performed only if
nail is not split or nail bed exposed
Hot oil manicures and
eliminating the cause is best
PTERYGIUM
Abnormal condition that occurs when skin is stretched by nail plate. Maybe caused by serious injury, such as burns, or an adverse skin reaction
DO NOT PUSH BACK extension of skin with an instrument as it may cause injury and worsen the condition.
Mild cases may respond to hot oil manicures.
RIDGES or
CORRUGATIONS
Run vertically down the length of the nail plate
caused by uneven growth of nails, usually
a result of age. Carefully buff the nails; use ridge filler with coloured polish to give a smooth look
SPLINTER
HAEMORRHAGES
Disorder caused by physical trama or injury to the nail bed which damages the capillaries and allows small amounts of blood flow
Treat with care - will grow out eventually
ONYCHAUXIS
Hypertrophy or thickening of the nail, Caused by trauma and may be accompanied by fungal infection
Can be buffed if no signs of infection are present
Thinning, wasting away or atrophy of the nail plate. The nail loses its lustre and may eventually fall off.
Can be a result of injury to the matrix or a larger health issue
ONYCHOLYSIS or NAIL SEPARATION
Condition where nail separates from the nail bed. Should be cut short and treated with care
PARONYCHIA
Bacterial inflammation of the surrounding nail tissue. May be caused by unsterile manicure implements and made worse by wet manual occupations. DO NOT TREAT IN THE SALON!!
REFERENCES
http://www.nailsmag.com/encyclopedia
KOILONYCHIA
Concave or spoon shaped nails that may be a sign of iron deficiency. Can be treated with care in the salon.
http://www.hooked-on-nails.com/
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