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Daily Life in Ancient Greece
Transcript of Daily Life in Ancient Greece
Ancient Greece The Land Alexander the Great: Famous Leaders Material: Clothing Buying and Selling Toys, Games and Pastimes Homes: Homes and Palaces Tools: Tools, Technology and Transport Weather in Greece was hot for most of the year so light, loose clothes were made from wool or linen. Women's Clothing: Greece is surrounded by water on three sides. Islands make up about twenty percent of Greece while eighty percent is mountainous.
The Pindus Mountains in northern Greece
stretches to southern Albania. It is roughly one hundred and sixty kilometres.
In the southern part of Greece are the Peloponnese Mountains. Sources http://greece.mrdonn.org/geography.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pindus http://www.kidport.com/reflib/worldgeography/greece/greece.htm http://www.euratlas.net/geography/europe/mountains/pindus_mountains.html Pericles: Solon: Draco: Demosthenes: Cleisthenes: Alexander was born in 356 B.C. in Pella, Macedonia. He was the son of Philip of Macedon, (an army general and organizer) and Princess Olympias of Epirus. He was educated by the philosopher Aristotle. Alexander is famous for conquering the Persian Empire. Later on, he was given the title 'Alexander the Great' since he conquered more lands than anyone before him. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/alexander_the_great.shtml http://www.historyofmacedonia.org/AncientMacedonia/AlexandertheGreat.html http://www.ducksters.com/history/ancient_greek_famous_people.php http://www.buzzle.com/articles/famous-people-in-ancient-greece.html http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/People/Alexander/ Sources Men's Clothing: Map of Greece Pericles was born to Xanthippus and Agariste. His father Xanthippus was a military leader in the Persian Wars where as Agariste was from the Alcmeon family. Cleisthenes was Pericles's great uncle. He was responsible for rebuilding Athens after the Persian Wars. He was also leader of Athens during the Peloponnesian War. http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/pericles/p/Pericles.htm http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/ancient/eb11-pericles.asp Demosthenes was a famous orator and speech writer. His father was also named Demosthenes and his mother Cleobule. When he first presented a speech, it ended up in a disaster so an actor that heard Demosthenes's speech taught him what he needed to do to make his speeches compelling. Once he mastered oratory, he began his career as an orator and statesman. Cleisthenes believed that all citizens should have equal rights. This is what started democracy. His plan for democracy was to overthrow the tyrant but when people found out, he was exiled. Athenians who liked his idea rioted and he was and he was allowed to return. When he returned, he followed through with his plan and started democracy. He was a law maker who created harsh laws for both trivial and serious crimes. Under his law, almost every punishment was death. His law was unpopular and was later changed by Solon. Solon was a statesman, law maker and poet. He changed Draco's laws and decreed a series of laws that covered all aspects of society. These laws were the foundations to democracy. http://www.in2greece.com/english/historymyth/history/ancient/solon.htm http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/greekmenandwomen/p/Demosthenes.htm http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/greeks/greekdemocracy_01.shtml http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/riseofdemocracy/g/041811-Cleisthenes.html http://history-world.org/draco_and_solon_laws.htm http://www.historylink102.com/greece3/famous-draco.htm http://8170.pbworks.com/w/page/1115547/Cleisthenes%3A%20%22The%20Father%20of%20Democracy%22 Alexander the Great Solon Demosthenes Draco Pericles Cleisthenes Footwear: Greeks wear leather sandals, boots, slippers or soft shoes but are usually barefoot. Sources http://www.cwu.edu/~robinsos/ppages/resources/Costume_History/greek.htm http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/clothing/ http://www.chiddingstone.kent.sch.uk/homework/greece/clothes.htm http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Clothing/ Babies: Children: Babies wore cloth diapers. Kids wore cloth wrapped around their middles like shorts. Poor people wore plain tunics whereas wealthy people wore coloured tunics either bought from the agora (market place) or handmade by slaves. Difference: Chitons knee height or shorter held by pins were worn by men in ancient times. A belt is sometimes worn. An exomis (short chiton) is used for labor. A himaton (rectangular cloak) was draped over one shoulder diagonally or both symmetrically. Young men often wore a chlamys (short cloak) for riding. Men occasionally wore a petasos (broad-brimmed hat.) Greek women also wore chitons and himation. The chitons were held by pins but were ankle height. The peplos was a large rectangle of heavy fabric that would reach to the waist. It was placed around the body and fastened at the shoulders with a pin or brooch. Under either garment, a woman might have worn a soft band (strophion) around the mid-section of the body. Ladies sometimes wore an epiblema (shawl) over the peplos or chiton. On rare occasions, women donned a flat-brimmed hat with a high peaked crown. Toys: Ancient Greek children played with many toys that people still play with today. For example, rattles, horses on wheels, dolls etc. Unlike balls which are made from wool stuffed in animal skin, most of the toys used were made from wood or clay. Games: The Greeks played knucklebones which has exactly the same rules as jacks. Most games in ancient times have a similar concept to games played today. Day and night is the same as tag except players caught carry their captors on their backs. Delta is played by drawing the Greek letter delta (triangle shape) on the ground with a stick. Players throw walnuts into the letter. At the end, the player who gets the most nuts into the delta wins all the other players' walnuts. Only boys were allowed to play in games like hockey. Greeks played dice and board games such as chess. Last but not least, the Olympic Games! The Games were so important that wars stopped. The only downfall was that women were not allowed to watch or compete since men compete naked. If a woman watches and gets caught, a death penalty is given. Athletes competed in boxing, wrestling, running, horse racing, chariot racing and a pentathlon. Winners were given wreaths of leaves instead of medals. Pastimes: They mainly going to the theater, the agora (market place), and playing games. Sources http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_were_the_pastimes_of_the_Ancient_Greeks http://www.ehow.com/info_8293135_games-greeks-used-play.html http://www.localhistories.org/games.html http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Life/ http://www.academia.edu/206044/Games_Toys_and_Pastimes http://greece.mrdonn.org/toys.html Greeks went to the agora (market place) to buy goods. Farming was a disaster since the land was mountainous so the Greeks would sail to other countries to trade grapes, olives, etc. for crops. Wealthy people usually get slaves to go to the agora. Sources http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_crops_did_the_Ancient_Greeks_grow http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/environment/ http://www.fcps.edu/KingsParkES/technology/ancient/greece.htm Men and woman lived in different parts of a house. Women had the back and upstairs part while men had the front. Houses were built around an open air courtyard. Houses were built of stone, wood, or clay bricks. Roofs were covered with overlapping tiles or reeds. Homes were designed to keep people cool in summer and warm in winter. Sources http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/Homework/greece/houses.htm http://www.historylink102.com/greece3/home_life.htm http://greece.mrdonn.org/houses.html http://www.ancientgreece.co.uk/dailylife/challenge/cha_set.html Palaces: The ancient Greek palace at Mycenae has high, thick walls. Gods or cyclops are believed to have constructed the walls, as the stone seemed too large and heavy to be transported by humans. Greek mythology says that Perseus founded the city. Often referred to as "Nestor's Palace", Pylos was the center of the nine cities of King Nestor. Pylos is a Mycenaean structure. The second largest palace on the island of Crete, Phaistros was famously home to Radamanthis, brother of King Minos. Phaistros suffered extensive earthquake damage and was rebuilt three times. The palace was built atop a hill on the Messara plain. The Minoan palace at Knossos was known to be where the Labyrinth built by Daedalus was located. Knossos covers five and a half acres of land. The palace housed the King of Minos and his advisers. Knossos was destroyed twice (once in a fire, the second in a major earthquake on Crete.) http://traveltips.usatoday.com/famous-palaces-ancient-greece-55647.html http://www.ancient-greece.org/archaeology/phaistos.html http://www.ancientgreecejourney.co.uk/places/nestors.htm http://www.ancient-greece.org/archaeology/knossos.html http://pattyinglishms.hubpages.com/hub/Palaces_of_Ancient_Greece http://archaeology.about.com/od/minoan/a/knossos.htm The Greeks used simple tools like -
saw, drill, chisel, hammer, scalpels, uvula crushing forceps, hooks, bone drills, bone forceps, catheters and bladder sounds, vaginal speculum and portable medicine cabinets Technology: Technology in ancient Greece was -
pottery, weaving, shoe-making, jewellery-making, woodworking metalworking, liquid-driven escapement, crane, tumbler lock, alarm clock, watermill, gimbal, analog computer, air and water pumps, Heronas’ steam engine, automatic doors, Talos, showers, vending machines Transport: Boats were the common transportation in Greece. Boats had sails and were pushed along the wind. The mountainous terrain makes land journeys difficult though some Greeks traveled by land on horses, donkeys or oxen. Trading ships usually stayed close to the shore while Greek warships (trireme) sailed long distances conquer. Sources http://greeksgeeks.wikispaces.com/Ancient+Greece+Tools+and+Technology
http://www.e-telescope.gr/en/history-and-archaeology/132-ancient-technology http://voices.yahoo.com/5-amazing-technologies-invented-ancient-greece-7483038.html http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/ancient_greeks/sea_and_ships/ http://www.historylink102.com/greece3/travel-sea.htm http://www.historylink102.com/greece3/travel-land.htm http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_was_the_transport_in_ancient_Greece Rich: Life for the Rich and
the Poor Rich Greeks lived in large houses with several rooms though home furniture was basic. The Greeks stored things in wooden chests or hung them from wooden pegs on the walls. Greeks lit their homes with olive oil lamps. The rich ate plenty of meat along with vegetables. The Greeks also ate fruit such as raisins, apricots, figs, etc. They drank diluted wine. Greeks ate a much more varied and interesting diet such as roasted hare, peacocks eggs or iris bulbs in vinegar. Wealthy Greek families owned slaves who did all the hard and dirty work for them. Women would normally stay indoors and send slaves to do the shopping but all women, were expected to spin and weave cloth and make clothes. Greeks wore silk and cotton and rich women carried parasols to protect them from the sun. Slaves would attend to all of the menial work in the houses of the rich. Women tended to fetching water, cooking, cleaning and the likes. Men had more laborous jobs such as working in the fields. Slaves lived with their masters even though the house would become crowded. Poor: Sources http://www.localhistories.org/riches.html http://www.localhistories.org/GREECE.HTML http://www.english-online.at/history/ancient-greece/ancient-greece.htm http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/Homework/greece/dailylife.htm http://atschool.eduweb.co.uk/sirrobhitch.suffolk/portland%20state%20university%20greek%20civilization%20home%20page%20v2/docs/7/kirsten.html http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Where_did_Ancient_Greek_Slaves_live http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/people/slaves.htm http://library.thinkquest.org/J0112190/slaves.htm http://iml.jou.ufl.edu/projects/Spring04/Tyler/PeopleG.html http://www.fsmitha.com/h1/hell04b.htm Sources Jewellery and Cosmetics Ancient Greeks would wear gold earrings, bracelets, diadems (weaved head bands), armbands, etc. Men in ancient times would wear bangles that had animal heads on the end of them. They would usually use shells and have animals represented in their jewellery. Some symbols that were most popular were beetles and flowers. Greeks would also put gemstones in their jewellery such as pearls, amethyst, topaz, etc. The ancient Greeks made their jewelry fine and detailed. Depicted in Greek jewellery would create be detailed scenes of battles or gods. Jewellery: Cosmetics: To create a smooth pale skin, white lead was mixed with water. Lipstick was made from either seaweed or crushed mulberries though some used iron oxide and ochre clays or olive oil with beeswax. Ancient Greeks also used dark eye shadow and eyeliner made from soot or olive oil mixed with ground charcoal. Most women even draw powdery red designs on their cheeks to use as 'blush'. Perfume was very important back then. It was made by boiling flowers. A natural face mask was made from olive oil and honey, which moisturized and gave their face a glow. http://greekresearch.wikispaces.com/Ancient+Greece+Jewelry
http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Jewelry/ Magic and Medicine Magic: Magic consisted of beliefs, cultic practices and rituals. It could be used by the Greeks to heal, but a great deal of magic was used to injure another. For magical protection, amulets and charms would be used. There were three types of amulets: amulets which offered protection against trouble and adversity, amulets which provided a medical or prophylactic treatment, amulets that contained substances used for medicine and amulets that attracted good luck and warded off negative forces . Amulets were used for cures, evil spirits, witch craft, evil eye etc. Healing was based on the religious beliefs and rituals. Greeks followed a method of using scientific observation to figure out the causes of a disease. Ancient Greeks developed a logical system to analyze a disease. The system was based on four humors or substances of the human body. The four humors were blood, yellow bile, black bile and phlegm. The Greeks believed if the four humors were balanced the person is healthy and any unbalance would cause health problems. Medicine: Sources http://www.buzzle.com/articles/ancient-greek-medicine.html http://www.thehistoryfiles.com/how-and-why-did-the-ancient-greeks-employ-magic/179/ Sport and Entertainment Sport: Running, discus throwing, javelin throwing, wrestling, boxing, pankration, chariot racing, horse riding, hurtels, long jump, running in armor, mule cart racing, torch race and the pentathlon. At parties someone would play the lyre or flute. They would watch woman dance or tell stories. They listened to poets telling poems or stories and people. Almost every Greek city had a theatre because plays were part of many religious festivals. The Greeks enjoyed singing and dancing. At first, theaters were only used for festivals. All the actors were men. They wore large masks that exaggerated facial features and emotions. Not to forget, the Olympic Games! Men would watch other men compete against each other. Entertainment: Sources http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_did_the_ancient_greeks_have_for_entertainment http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/young_explorers/discover/all_about/sport_in_ancient_greece.aspx