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Transcript of Romanticism
The Romantic period was marked by the transcendentalist movement that was a reaction to the 18 century rationalism and the industrial revolution. It was based on the unity of the world and God, and romanticism also focused on the free expression of the artist’s feelings. The movement believed on the goodness of both people and nature; they supported equality and individualism.
The techniques used in Romanticism are important for its emotion and rhythm. They used techniques to create powerful and imaginative works of literature. Many techniques they used on the Romantic Era we still use today. Examples of this are imagery, diction, symbolism, and more. Symbolism was one of the most important techniques to include in a poem. It is a way to express many things in a word that can transmit many feelings to a reader. Symbolism is what makes a reader ask questions about a poem and it raises the curiosity of readers. Some poetic forms that are used in Romanticism are Lyric Poetry, the Ode, Elegy, Sonnet, and more.
This collage represents the Romantic Era because it shows many of the Romantic Era paintings and famous people. It also has a tree, which is a symbol of nature, since poets and artists focused on the divinity of nature. We have also chosen a quote by Edgar Allan Poe that reads, "Deep into that darkness peering, long I stood there, wondering, fearing, doubting, dreaming dreams no mortal ever dared to dream before.” We chose this quote because it represents many things Romantic poets and artists believe. It shows individualism, imagery of a lonely place, and symbolism for greater thoughts everyone could infer of differently.
In visions of the dark night
I have dreamed of joy departed-
But a waking dream of life and light
Hath left me broken-hearted.
Ah! what is not a dream by day
To him whose eyes are cast
On things around him with a ray
Turned back upon the past?
That holy dream- that holy dream,
While all the world were chiding,
Hath cheered me as a lovely beam
A lonely spirit guiding.
What though that light, thro' storm and night,
So trembled from afar-
What could there be more purely bright
In Truth's day-star?
Our Original Poem
Four gray walls
enclose millions of souls,
There by the window, I sit.
My body is working, aching from the machines
But I look outside, and see, a
Oh, the tree outside! It shines so bright,
Brigs back memories, of the country side.
Back in the day, we used to play.
Nowadays, I am attached to a
In my mind,
The field of green, the field of past
Oh! How I miss you Rosalie
took her away
I look outside and see walls of gray
Not the meadow we grew from.
Now I don't breath air,
I breath only
1. Nakate, S. (n.d.). Romantic Poetry Characteristics. Buzzle. Retrieved May 21, 2014, from http://www.buzzle.com/articles/romantic-poetry-characteristics.html
2. Romantic Era. (n.d.). Poetic Forms. Retrieved May 21, 2014, from http://www.sjsu.edu/faculty/harris/Rom_Travel/Handouts/RomPoetryForm.pdf
3. Romantic Poetry . (n.d.). Poets.org. Retrieved May 20, 2014, from http://www.poets.org/poetsorg/text/brief-guide-romanticism
4. IIP Digital | U.S. Department of State. (2013, October 10). The Romantic Period, 1820-1860: Essayists and Poets. Retrieved May 21, 2014, from http://iipdigital.usembassy.gov/st/english/publication/2008/05/20080512215714eaifas0.1850855.html#
5. Poe, E. (n.d.). A Dream. Poemhunter.com. Retrieved May 20, 2014, from http://www.poemhunter.com/poem/a-dream-2/
6. Romantic Poetry. (n.d.). Romantic Poetry. Retrieved May 21, 2014, from http://www.poeticterminology.net/romantic-poetry/
7. Nakate, S. (n.d.). Romantic Poetry Characteristics. Buzzle. Retrieved May 21, 2014, from http://www.buzzle.com/articles/romantic-poetry-characteristics.html
8. Romanticism Poems | Examples of Romanticism Poetry. (n.d.). - PoetrySoup. Retrieved May 21, 2014, from http://www.poetrysoup.com/poems/romanticism
By: Daniela Vasco, Juliana Vega, Mateo Naranjo, Nicolas Cardenas, and David Herrera.
Symbolism in art is separate but related to the literary movement, starting at the beginning of the 19th Century. There were many factors which caused Symbolism to spread rapidly within intellectual circles, among artists and writers throughout Europe. Symbolist imagery at the end of the century had a reaction to the effects of urbanization and materialism evident in the Industrial Revolution . Symbolism was against or the opposite of Impressionism and forms of Naturalism . Symbolism focused on idealism and independence.
Poetry was dependent on reactions against previous literary styles.
In the Romantic Era, people wanted to find new lands literally and figuratively, new places in the imagination like exotic environments and amorphous works of dreams. It could also reach anything their creativity could imagine. Poets based their poetry on the beauty of nature, and they based their poems on their actual feelings, literal or in a metaphor. Their creativity was based on spontaneous moments that's why it marks romanticism.
Has an emphasis on imagination and emotion.
Figurative Language and Poetic Forms
Nature, rural life, religious imagery, and Individualism
Poetry was based on the beauty of nature since the poets reverenced nature and God’s creations. They also talked about rural life because they felt important that everyone knew how life in the field was, and they were able to find beauty in the simplest everyday actions. They were also religious because they believe in the good of humans and their connection with a higher power. It was common to use religious metaphors and dictions to create imagery. Individualism is one of the important romantic poetry themes. It is the representation of a hero, which is represented with a bold personalities. There are many things in this world beyond our understanding. So in this themes the poets express the urge to known the unknown, this is a major characteristic in romantic poetry.
Edgar Allan Poe, Emily Dickinson, and other poets on this era have influenced the thoughts of individualism, reverence for the natural world, idealism, and more. They made people notice that individualism was important and they are one of the main reasons for the artistic movement of the late 1700’s. Their poems were so magnificent and well created that we still admire and find them in today's literature.
Some important poets; Edgar Allan Poe and Emily Dickinson.
Symbolism first appeared during the Romantic Era
Poetry in this time was influenced by various events all throughout history, for example; a reaction to previous literary styles, the decline in formal Anglican worship, the rise of other religious sects, etc. The most influential was the impact of the french revolution, which gave the most urgent and sudden effect. Romanticism later became a movement of political ideas, literature style, philosophies, basically a movement for expression. They would take an interest in knowledge about diverse cultural origins and they looked for people who stood out above everyone else to inspire themselves. This did not go for poets only but also for music and art during this era.
A brief and emotive poem written in first person; it emphasizes sound and pictorial imagery.
A long, lyric poem in stanzas of varied metrical patterns; it represents divine creative power separate from the poet, but which the poet seeks to possess.
A poem on mourning (usually about a death).
A poem with 14 lines and a particular end-rhyme scheme.
Edgar Poe was born in Boston on January 19, 1809. His parents were David and Elizabeth Poe. His mother died in 1811, when Edgar was 2 years old. She had separated from her husband and had taken her three kids with her, so when she died Edgar became an orphan and was adopted by Mr. and Mrs. Allan. When Edgar Allan was eighteen years he had no money, no job skills, and had been shunned by His adoptive father. Edgar went to Boston and joined the U.S. Army in 1827. He did well and got to the rank of sergeant. In 1831, Edgar Allan Poe went to New York City where he had some of his poetry published. He submitted stories to a number of magazines but they were rejected.
In 1835, Edgar finally got a job as an editor of a newspaper because of a contest he won with his story, "The Manuscript Found in a Bottle". after that, Edgar married his cousin, Virginia. He was 27 and she was 13. In 1837, Edgar went to New York. He wrote "The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym" but he could not find any financial success. He moved to Philadelphia in 1838 where he wrote "Ligeia" and "The Haunted Palace". His first volume of short stories, "Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque" was published in 1839 but he didn't receive any money. In 1843, he published some booklets containing a few of his short stories but they didn't sell well enough. He won a hundred dollars for his story, "The Gold Bug" and sold a few other stories to magazines but he barely had enough money to support his family. In 1845, Edgar Poe became an editor at The Broadway Journal. A year later, the Journal ran out of money and Poe was out of a job again. He and his family moved to a small cottage near what is now East 192nd Street.
Virginia's health was fading away and Virginia died in 1847. After losing his wife, Poe collapsed from stress but gradually returned to health later that year. On September 30, Poe was meant to go to New York but he took the wrong train to Baltimore. On October 3, he was found at Gunner's Hall, a public house at 44 East Lombard Street, and was taken to the hospital. He lapsed in and out of consciousness but was never able to explain exactly what happened to him. Edgar Allan Poe died in October 7, 1849.
Edgar Allan Poe
Emily Dickinson was born in Amherst, Massachusetts on December 10, 1830. Her parents were Emily and Edward Dickinson. Emily studied at Amherst academy for seven years. She studied a short time in Mount Holyoke female seminary before returning to her house in Amherst. Emily took classes in English and classical literature, Latin, geology, history, mental philosophy, and arithmetic. Emily was troubled from a young age was afraid of death, especially the deaths for her close ones. when her cousin Sophia Holland, grew ill from typhus and died in April in April 1844, Emily was traumatized. Two years later, Emily wrote that “it seemed to me i should die too if i could not be allowed to watch over her or even look at her face”. she became so melancholic that her parents sent her to stay with family in Boston to recover. While Emily was a secret poet, less than a dozen of her 1800 poems were published during her lifetime. Although her acquaintance were aware of Emily's writing it was not until her dead that Her younger sister Lavinia also known as Vinnie, she was the one that discovered Emily's works after her dead she became the first editor of Emily's poetry. A complete collection of her poetry became available for the first time in 1955 when the poems of Emily Dickinson were published by scholar Thomas H. Johnson. Some of her most popular poems are "because i could not stop for death" and "hope is the thing with Feathers".Despite some bad reviews during late 19th and early 20th century as to Emily’s literary prowess, she is now almost universally considered to be one of the most important american poets.
Edgar Allan Poe- Dream
This image represents Romanticism because it shows reverence for the natural world. The individualism that this image illustrates is this lonely man, looking at the horizon and the beautiful setting, as if challenging it. This image shows freedom, physical and emotional passion. This image captures individualism greatly, since it appears to represent a man vs. world conflict.
Romanticism is all about valuing emotion and passion, and that is what this painting by Horace Vernet depicts. There's emotion in this painting because you can see a man holding a dead woman in his hands and a man shocked by what has happened. It has passion because both men are devastated and it expresses a sad feeling. It also shows the ferocious sea representing how nature has the most power. You could infer that the woman's death has something to do with the wild sea, since during the Romantic Era people thought Nature was divine; they admired it and feared it at the same time. There is also a man fighting the sea's power, which emphasizes this thought.
Poets and painters that lived during this era wanted to show a connection between nature, God and a human being while showing creativity and emotion. In this image, we can see that there are two men in a forest looking at the horizon. The night is clear and you can see the moon and how it lightens its surroundings; this creates a peaceful yet suspenseful emotion on the picture. This image contains a series of metaphors and stories hidden and opened for the viewers interpretations. For example; the two men have never met each other, but when they found each other in the lost path of live, they realized that they should stop to look around and enjoy the journey. This Image represents romanticism because it shows a connection between the three main elements in romanticism. This image represents the faith and patience humans must have in God and in destiny.
Faith and Patience
Finally a shout, brings me back
From the past, the roses, the trees.
I realize I am trapped
In these four walls of gray.