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Transcript of Concentration Camps
Types of Concentration Camps
At all 5 camps:
Jews were never told what was going to happend to them
On arrival, informed that they would be given a shower
Instead poisonous gas would be released into the chamber that they were assembled in.
Life at Concentration Camps
Destroying the Evidence
Though the Nazis were proud of their approach to the 'Jewish Problem', they were fully aware that the rest of the world thought it was crime
So they were always careful to conceal the existence of the death camps
They used codes to talk about their operations and hardly anything was kept in writing
How The Jews Were Welcomed
The Jews who were spared had lives worse than death.
They were first stripped of all their possessions and then shaved.
After they were shaved they were given ragged prisoner clothes.
Some people did not get clothes immediately and had to stand naked and in the cold or heat for a long period of time.
By: Ashmita Guha
Labor and Work Camps
Camps set up in Portland
Prisoners mostly worked in factories
Gas chambers were added
Belzec/ Sobibor/ Treblinka
Camps set up in Portland
The "undesirable" such as Jews and Gypsies got killed immediately after arrival
After an early wake up, the day would start with an appell, a daily roll call
During an appell, prisoners stood in rows, completely still, for hours at a time, and in all weathers
The 2,000 prisoners had to share toilet facilities with no privacy or sanitation
After eating watery soup, a piece of bread, and some imitation coffee, a prisoners day would begin with work details
Types of Jobs/Work Done in the Camps
Consisted of Jewish prisoners who were selected to work in the crematoriums
They were selected due to their strength and fitness
The life-expectancy of a Sonderkommando was about four months
Nazi: Under the leadership of Adolf Hitler (1889-1945), the National Socialist German Workers’ Party, or Nazi Party, grew into a mass movement and ruled Germany through totalitarian means from 1933 to 1945. Founded in 1919 as the German Workers’ Party, the group promoted German pride and anti-Semitism, and expressed dissatisfaction with the terms of the Treaty of Versailles.
What is a Concentration Camp?
People are detained or confined, usually under harsh conditions and without regard to legal norms of arrest and imprisonment that are acceptable in a constitutional democracy.
Who were the Nazis?
People under the leadership of Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) or apart of the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (Nazi Party)
They grew into a mass movement and ruled Germany and were completely subservient to it
Were founded in 1919 as the German Workers’ Party
The group promoted German pride and anti-Semitism
While prisoners were being processed after their arrival, their belonging we're taken away
A group of prisoners were to collect these valuables
These were then transported to Germany
The prisoners with this task had a privileged job; they were able to steal extra food to survive and steal shoes or extra socks to survive the harsh winter
The clothes that they stripped off, possessions, and even hair made profits for the camp officers
Also people made money for hiring. The workers came cheap:
$1 for a skilled worker
$0.75 for unskilled worker
$0.40 for each child worker
After Nazis came to power; storm troopers, squadrons, and police organized numerous detention camps to imprison real political opponents of Nazi policy
German authorities established camps all over Germany to handle the masses of people arrested
51 Companies used this type of labor
How Concentration Camps Formed
Did You Know?
The Nazis used the hair of the women and girls to make socks
Also the gold fillings of the teeth were taken out and melted into gold bars
The first concentration camp was Dachau, established on March 20, 1933 in a southern German town
Between 1933 and 1945, more than 11 million men, women, and children were murdered in the Holocaust. Approximately six million of these were Jews
Nazi Doctors conducted medical experiments on prisoners against their will