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Copy of Logical Fallacies

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by

Nancy Taylor

on 18 October 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Logical Fallacies

Persuasive Writing
Notes
Place your own picture
behind this frame!
Double click to crop it if necessary
San Francisco
Budapest
Important
Details
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
(cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr
(cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr
Stockholm
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
Assets
map
details
doodles
notes
outlook
photo frame
an appeal to emotion
Pathos
(awww!)
ethical appeal
Ethos
appeal to logic
Logos
Bob
Jane
Exploiting the audience's feelings when reason is needed. Includes appeals to fear, flattery, ridicule, pity, and spite.
Appeal to Emotion
What is the purpose of a persuasive paper?
Persuasive Writing
Thesis examples:
"High school graduates should be required to take a year off to pursue community service projects before entering college in order to increase their maturity and global awareness."
"The life of a typical college student is characterized by time spent studying, attending class, and socializing with peers."
Ignoring an argument by attacking the person who made it, not by finding problems with the argument itself.
Ad Hominem
When a writer arrives at a conclusion based on inadequate evidence or a sample that is too small.
Hasty Generalization
Using a premise to prove an unrelated point.
Non Sequitur
Literally, "it does not follow."
Appeal to Ignorance
Basing a conclusion solely on the absence of knowledge
False Cause & Effect
Claiming that because one event occured before a second, it caused the second.
Stacking the Deck
Trying to prove a point by focusing on only one side of the argument while ignoring the other.
A Sample Outline
Introduction
May be multiple paragraphs, but always includes thesis clearly mapped out.
Main Points
Develop them fully! (2-4)
Approximately 2 paragraphs / argument
Counterargument
Either refute the counterargument, or if it is irrefutable - stand by your arguments
Conclusion
Clearly re-defines thesis
Counterargument
A counter-argument is an argument opposed to your thesis, or part of your thesis. It expresses the view of those who would disagree with your position.
***This enhances ethos - your credibility
For Example...
http://spot.pcc.edu/~dramirez/GreatEssays/argumentessay.html
Spot the Fallacy
Spot the Fallacy
Spot the Fallacy
Spot the Fallacy
Spot the Fallacy
Full transcript