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Skin Cancer

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by

Ronell Lawson

on 25 February 2013

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Transcript of Skin Cancer

Skin Cancer Melanoma & Squamous Cell Melanoma What happens to the Cell in Melanoma? During Melanoma, when your normal pigment-producing cells (melanocytes) grow at an uncontrollable pace that cause them to invade surrounding tissues. Usually 1 melanoma forms at a time. ("Melanoma/skin cancer health," 2011) Where does Melanoma generally occur? In Men: -The trunk (Area from the hips to the shoulders) -Head -Neck In Women: -Arms -Legs ("National cancer institute," 2012) African Americans (rare): - under the fingernails -under the toenails -palms -soles ("National caregivers library," ) Affects on the Body A- B- C- D- E- Asymmetry Border Color Diameter Elevation Normal Moles/ Freckles are symmetrical Mole/ Spot with jagged and/ or blurry edges Normal spots are usually one color. A mole that is more than one hue is suspicious and needs to be evaluated by a doctor. If it is larger than a pencil eraser (1/4 in. / 6mm) get it checked even if there are no other abnormalities. Not flat, uneven surface. (Raised) (By Lisa Fayed) Environmental Risk Factors -UV Radiation -X-Rays -Smoking -Alcohol -Environmental carcinogens Health Risk Factors -Immunodeficiency -Viral Infection -Albinism -Xeroderma pigmentosum (Pharmaceuticals, 2012) Can Melanoma be inherited? Your answer is yes, even though in most cases melanoma does'nt carry the gene mutation to be inherited. (Pharmaceuticals, 2012) Prevention -Seek Shade -Protect your skin with clothing -Wear a hat -Use Sunscreen -Wear Sunglasses -Avoid tanning beds and sunlamps -Protect children from the sun (American Cancer Society, 2012) Treatment Stage 0: -Surgery Stage 1: - A cream containing imiquimod (Zyclara) -Surgery -Sentinel lymph node biopsy-Lymph node dissection Stage 2: -Surgery -Lymph node dissection -Vaccinations Stage 3: -Radiation Therapy -Chemotherapy -Bio-chemotherapy Stage 4: -Radiation -Immunotherapy -Targeted Therapy -Chemotherapy - -Sometimes Surgery Diagnosis ("The American Cancer," 2011) -Physical Exam -Skin Biopsy -Shave Biopsy -Punch Biopsy -Incisional Biopsy -Excisional Biopsy -Fine needle aspiration Biopsy -Surgical (excisional) lymph node biopsy -Sentinel lymph node biopsy -Chest X-Ray -CT Scan -MRI -PET Scan -Blood Tests (Leo and Gloria Rosen family, 2011) Who is most likely to have melanoma? Melanoma occurs more frequently in people who have fair skin, light hair, and light eye color (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2011) Learn anything new? I learned that melanoma is more common in people who have a paler skin tone than anybody else. Along with the different symptoms of melanoma and how its in the ABDCE form. Melanoma Citations Melanoma/skin cancer health center. (2011, February 08). Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/melanoma-skin-cancer/melanoma-guide/skin-cancer-melanoma-what-happens
National cancer institute. (2012, May 18). Retrieved from http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/melanoma/Patient/page1
National caregivers library. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.caregiverslibrary.org/caregivers-resources/grp-diseases/hsgrp-cancer/melanoma-article.aspx
By Lisa Fayed. (n.d.). about.com. Retrieved from http://cancer.about.com/od/skincancermelanoma/p/abcdeskincancer.htm
Pharmaceuticals, C. (2012). Causes of skin cancer. Retrieved from http://www.clinuvel.com/en/skin-science/skin-sun/skin-cancer/causes-of-skin-cancer
American Cancer Society. (2012). Can melanoma be prevented?. Retrieved from http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/SkinCancer-Melanoma/DetailedGuide/melanoma-skin-cancer-prevention
Treatment of melanoma by stage [Web log message]. (2011, April 28). Retrieved from http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/SkinCancer-Melanoma/DetailedGuide/melanoma-skin-cancer-treating-by-stage
Leo and Gloria Rosen family. (2011). Americancancer sociaty. Retrieved from http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/SkinCancer-Melanoma/DetailedGuide/melanoma-skin-cancer-diagnosed
Mayo Clinic Staff. (2011). [Web log message]. Retrieved from http://www.melanoma.org/learn-more/melanoma-101/melanoma-risk-factors Squamous Cell What Happens to the cell in Squamous Cell? During Squamous Cell, the cancer 1st forms in the non-vascular layer of the skin. As the tumor grows larger it reaches down into the dermis layer, and can shed cells into the bloodstream. Where does Squamous Cell Carcinoma generally occur? -Sun exposed areas -Forehead -Temple
-Ears
-Neck
-Back of hands
-Lower legs (for people who often sunbathe) Affects on the Body The victim will constantly feel pain in the infected area, a
growing bump, possible paralysis, and if not treated correctly it will result in death. Risk Factors -Having light-colored skin, blue or green eyes, or blond or red hair
-Long-term, daily sun exposure. (such as in people who work outside)
-Having many severe sunburns throughout a child’s life.
-Being of an older age.-Having had many x-rays. -This cancer cannot be inherited Prevention -Use high-quality sunscreens with a rating of at least a 15 sun protection factor (SPF), even if you will only be in the direct sunlight for a short time.
-Use large amounts of sunscreen on areas that are the most exposed, like your arms, feet, or neck.
-Look for sunscreens that block both UVA and UVB light.
-Use a waterproof formula so that the sunscreen will not come off when you are sweating.
-Repetitively reapply your sunscreen
-Use sunscreen in winter, too, if there is a lot of direct sunlight.
-Other important facts to help you avoid too much sun exposure include these facts below.
-Avoid surfaces that reflect light more, such as water, sand, concrete, and white-painted areas.
-The dangers are greater closer to the start of summer.
-Skin burns faster at higher altitudes.
-Avoid sun lamps, tanning beds, and tanning salons. Treatment -Skin Creams -Surgery -Photodynamic therapy -Chemotherapy -Radiation Therapy -Avoid Sunlight and other UV Rays -Eat healthy Diagnosis -MRI -Skin Biopsy -CAT Scan Who is most likely to have Squamous Cell Carcinoma? -Men are more likely to have it than women -African Americans are more likely to have in than Asians. Learn Anything New? From this project, I learned that skin cancer is not only the most common, but is also so diverse and there are many ways to cure or help prevent skin cancer. You can do this by having your doctor screen for all the multiple signs of pre-cancer and if needed, the doctor can treat this cancer before it becomes an issue. Citations for SCC http://www.sw.org/cancer-institute/skin/nonmelanoma/skin-cancer-nonmelanoma-patient-education http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001832/

http://www.webmd.com/melanoma-skin-cancer/melanoma-guide/skin-cancer-melanoma-what-happens

http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJM200103293441306

http://www.sharecare.com/question/does-squamous-cell-carcinoma-affect

http://www.cnn.com/HEALTH/library/squamous-cell-carcinoma/DS00924.html Ronell Lawson & Caleb Steiner
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