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Milgram's electric shock/obedience to authority experiment
Transcript of Milgram's electric shock/obedience to authority experiment
The Reason for this experiment?!
This took place in 1963, with 40 male participants, ages 20 to 50, with jobs from unskilled to professions
65% of the participants in Milgram's study delivered the maximum shocks. Of the 40 participants in the study, 26 delivered the maximum shocks while 14 stopped before reaching the highest levels.
Stanley Milgram was raised in New York city where he was born in 1933.
Milgram published Obedience to Authority in 1974 and was awarded the annual social psychology award by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) for his life's work but mostly for his work with obedience.
He earned his bachelor's degree from Queens College in 1954
Tim. Stanley Milgram. 2012. Photograph. Stanley Migram. Blog.eternalvigilance.me, 5 June 2012. Web. 5 Jan. 2014.
Milgram wanted to find out why so many German Soldiers participated in the Holocaust events.
The idea of this famous study was if an experimenter tells a subject to hurt another person, under what conditions will the subject go along with this instruction, and under what conditions will be refuse to obey?
So basically,"T" doesn't know that he's being studied. "E" is asking "L" some questions, WHEN "L" answers one wrong "E" tells "T" to shock"L"
"Milgram Experiment." Wikipedia. WIkimedia Foundation, 12 Apr. 2012. Web. 5 Jan. 2012
Many of the subjects became extremely agitated, distraught and angry at the experimenter. Yet they continued to follow orders all the way to the end.
Conclusion of Experiment
People are likely to follow orders given by an authority figure, even to the extent of killing an innocent human being. Obedience to authority is ingrained in us all from the way we are brought up.
Milgram's studies were conducted in laboratory type conditions and we must ask if this tells us much about real-life situations.
Milgram's sample was biased: The participants in Milgram's study were all male.
Impact on Psychology
Showed how easily people can be manipulated by others of authority.
Made other experiments more accurate.
Application to modern life
People with authority now are questioned more, in the event of something wrong
Encina, Gregorio Billikopf. "Milgram's Experiment on Obedience to Authority." Milgram's Experiment on Obedience to Authority. University of California, 15 Nov. 2004. Web. 03 Jan. 2014. <http://www.cnr.berkeley.edu/ucce50/ag-labor/7article/article35.htm>.
McLeod, Saul. "The Milgram Experiment." Milgram Experiment. SimplyPsychology, 2007. Web. 03 Jan. 2014. <http://www.simplypsychology.org/milgram.html>.