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Chryssa Lazou

on 18 July 2018

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Transcript of DYSLEXIA

Dyslexia is a complex language-based learning disability some people may display which affects the development of their literacy and language related skills.

It is NOT poor performance in reading and writing because of

a) insufficient and ineffective
b) inadequate exposure to print
c) attitudes to literacy in the family

What causes dyslexia and what are its effects?
It is not due to lack of intelligence.
It is not due to lack of desire to learn.
It is not out of laziness.
It is neurological in origin (
Biological level
It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities (
Behavioural level
It is due to mental processing and learning mechanisms (
Cognitive level
It is to due to socio-economic and instructional factors (
Environmental level

Dyslexia wheel
The impact that dyslexia has on each person depends on
the severity of the condition
the effectiveness of instruction or remediation
the age remediation and support takes place

A mindmap
General perceptions

It occurs to people of all backgrounds and intellectual levels.
It can be inherited. Parents with dyslexia are very likely to have children with dyslexia (genetic causes).
It is not caused by visual perception problems.
It is a lifelong condition. One cannot grow out of it but there can be mitigation of the disability.
Importance of dealing with dyslexia
Although dyslexia is a lifelong condition it is essential that dyslexic people receive help and attention since, apart from the importance on a cognitive level, it may influence their emotional and psychological status. Failure in school and social activities may lead to low self-esteem, isolation, etc.
Early identification and treatment is the key to helping dyslexic people overcome their learning disabilities, explore their potentials and succeed in school and-most importantly-in life.

What can we, teachers, do?
Develop effective support tools.
Use teaching methods that involve sight, sound and touch.
Help them learn to adapt and improve their weak skills.
Devote to dyslexic students some of our ‘precious’ teaching time. Conventional teaching is not dyslexia-friendly.
Help them learn to overcome their difficulties while
maintaining a positive self-image.
The earlier we cope with it, the better the results!
Full transcript