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India

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by

Peter Schlieker

on 26 January 2016

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Transcript of India

content
India
society
economy
political system
federal parliamentary democratic republic
President – head of state, supreme commander of army
Prime Minister – head of government
consists of 28 states and 7 union territories
six national and more than 40 regional parties
President’s rule: direct control of a state by the President
partition 1947
sources
Presentations of Jonas F. & Marvin D., Laura B. & Anke St.-V., Helena W.
http://www.livescience.com/28634-indian-culture.html
http://swilliams24.files.wordpress.com/2009/12/caste-system.jpg
http://www.indiankanoon.org/doc/609295/
http://www.gulabigang.in/
http://www.nobelio.de/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/Indisches-Essen-2-640x366.jpg
http://blog.hrs.de/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/Indisches-Essen.jpg
http://www.indianpalace-diez.de/images/101.jpg
http://www.munich-entertainment.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/Gew%C3%BCrze.jpg
http://inficentre.blogspot.de/
http://hyderabadbazaar.com/images/10058/ew-md-130-004b.jpg
http://www.factfish.com/de/statistik-land/indien/armutsanteil%20der%20nationalen%20armutsgrenze
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/modern/images/partition_map.gif
culture
post-colonial experience
1. culture

2. society

3. economy

4. political system

5. partition 1947
language
national languages Hindi and English

about 22 official languages

nearly 400 spoken languages
religions
different religions
separation of religion and state
sometimes conflicts between radical groups of different religions
food
clothing
by Peter Schlieker
industrialised country
technology of 21st century
democracy
rising literacy
established women
growing middle class
nuclear power
becoming an economic superpower
production of a wide range of goods
working in manufacturing, service industry and call centres
well-trained workforce with English knowledge
huge gap between poor (30%) and rich people
slums (e.g. Mumbai, Bombay and New Delhi)
Overpopulated (1.24 billion)
35% illiterate
cheap labour
former colony of the British empire
developing country
Brahmin
Kshatriya
Vaishya
Shudra
Outcast
past
today
arranged marriages and love matches across caste boarders
everyone can choose his work
article 15 of the Indian constitution forbids to discriminate against lower caste members
untouchables get state provisions
criticism
discriminatory and unjust system

famous opponents:
British government (as colonial power)
Mahatma Gandhi

-> system slowly breaks down
marriages only in the same caste

limitations in choice of job and personal contacts

higher caste members ate separately

discrimination because of the caste
position & rights
less women than men
fourth most dangerous place in the world for women
in law equal to men
in reality discriminated against
subordination to men
value is to give birth to a boy
after broken marriage no way back to their family
after death of husband wife has to follow him
marriages
resistance
Gulabi gang
founded 2006
leader Sampat Pal Devi
more than 150,000 members
wear a “gulabi“ (=pink) “sari“ and “laathis“ (=baton)
fight for women's rights
and help mistreated families
arranged marriages
dowry tradition
95% of Indian marriages

husband’s family chooses the woman

woman moves into the house of her husband

consequences
different from caste to caste
(e.g. animals, vehicles, gold, …)

paid from the wife’s family

often very high demands

consequences
women
caste system
starting situation
many Islamic people wanted their own state
foundation of the all India Muslim league (AIML) in 1906
1940, first idea of a separated state for the AIML but no real plan
Mahatma Gandhi fought against a partition but for the independence of India
consequences
India and Pakistan became independent

civil wars, violence

800,000 people died

20,000,000 had to leave their homes -> did not always worked well
partition
August 14th 1947
India split into two states
Union of India
Dominion of Pakistan
Islamic Republic
of Pakistan
People's Republic of Bangladesh
Full transcript