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Improving your Reading on the TOEFL iBT

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César Maldonado

on 17 January 2013

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Transcript of Improving your Reading on the TOEFL iBT

Improving your Reading on the TOEFL iBT César Maldonado - IIE Latam
TOEFL iBT Outreach Officer Basic comprehension
Main idea, major points, important facts and details, vocab in context
Reading to learn
compare and contrast
cause and effect
agree or disagree
sequence of ideas
pronoun references
problem solution
Inferences
organization Academic Reading Skills Passage Length 60-80 min. 3-4 Passages 12-14 questions per passage (cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr Reading Section Format Approx 700 words Narration
Exposition
Argumentation Passages Description
Narration
Analysis

Classification
Compare/contrast
Cause/effect
Problem/solution Focus of development *No special background knowledge needed! Questions with four choices and a single answer (vocab, simplification, factual info, negative fact questions)
Questions with several choices and multiple answers (dragging)
“Reading to learn” questions (category chart or summary) Reading Question Formats Read as much and as often as possible in English! Read variety of topics
academic/non-academic
interests
Write basic questions to test understanding
KWL Strategy
Guess what might be discussed in the next paragraph. Use grammar knowledge for difficult sections of a passage.
Independent and dependent clauses.
Look for antecedents
pronouns-nouns
relative pronouns (who, that, which, whom, whose) used in adjective clauses Work with a reading partner
Read different newspaper or magazine articles
Write questions about the articles
Exchange articles with your partner and try to answer your partner's questions Continually expand your vocabulary knowledge Increase your vocabulary on many subjects
University
Review glossaries/lists of terms used in academic texts. Develop a system for studying new words
Write words on a card, mix up & study
Write the context
Semantic families
Opposites and synonyms  Study word parts
Roots 
-spect- (look at)
-dict- (say)
Prefixes 
in- (into)
pre- (before)
Suffixes 
-tion (inspection)
-able (predictable)
Word families 
enjoyment (noun)
enjoy (verb)
enjoyable (adjective)
enjoyably (adverb) Use context to guess meaning of unknown words
Notice when difficult terms are defined in the text
Look for examples with an explanation of the meaning of a word English-English dictionary
Word of the day
http://dictionary.reference.com/wordoftheday/list/
http://www.merriam-webster.com/word/subscribe.htm
http://www.learnersdictionary.com/lwod/form-signup.htm
http://oxforddictionaries.com/words/word-of-the-day
Study university website vocab
Use new words and check
Review every now and then Resources for Vocab Study the organization of academic texts and overall structure of a reading passage Read an entire passage
main ideas
supporting details
relationship between m. ideas and details Different styles of organization - structure
Connecting words/transitions - relationships.
steps (first, second, next, finally)
reasons (because, since)
results (as a result, so, therefore)
examples (for example, such as)
comparisons (in contrast, on the other hand)
restatements of information (in other words, that is)
conclusions (in conclusion, in summary) Outline text - understanding of structure
group paragraphs by concepts
key ideas in one paragraph and main points of the next
1 sentence summary of paragraphs discussing same idea
Observe connections between sentences
relationships of end of sentences with beginning of next
combine sentences with transitions to show ideas
Summarize passage Improve Your Reading Skills with Lexile® Measures TOEFL® Reading Score & Lexile® measure
ETS and MetaMetrics® - free service
Selecting reading materials to build your reading skills
Searchable database to help you find books
Level and interests
Get lexile measure or learn more:
visit www.lexile.com/toefl. César Maldonado
TOEFL iBT Outreach Officer
cmaldonado@iielatam.org Thank you for your attention!
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