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Cold War Effects on Cuba

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Beatriz Fortini

on 10 April 2014

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Transcript of Cold War Effects on Cuba

1958
1970
1991
1945
1982
1959 - 1962
Jan. 1959: Fidel Castro assumes power (Premier of Cuba) after the Cuban Revolution and installs the communist government

Dec. 1960: openly aligns to USSR

Jan. 1961: US terminates diplomatic relations
Apr. 1961: Bay of Pigs invasion: a group of Cuban exiles, backed by the US, invades Cuba at the Bay of Pigs, in a failed attempt to trigger an anti-Castro rebellion

Aug. 1962: Evidence of Soviet missile installations in Cuba: Cuban Missile Crisis
Cuban Missile Crisis - 1962
Oct. 1962:
- Kennedy gathered the "ExComm", the Executive Committee of the National Security Council.
- U.S. establishes air and sea blockade in response to photographs of Soviet missile bases under construction in Cuba. U.S. threatens to invade Cuba if the bases are not dismantled and warns that a nuclear attack launched from Cuba would be considered a Soviet attack requiring full retaliation.
- Kennedy sends Khrushchev a letter stating that he will make a statement that the U.S. will not invade Cuba if Khrushchev removes the missiles from Cuba.
- Khrushchev agrees to remove offensive weapons from Cuba and the U.S. agrees to remove missiles from Turkey
- End of Cuban Missile Crisis

1962
Nov. 1962: U.S. ends Cuban blockade, satisfied that all bases are removed and Soviet jets will leave the island by December 20.
1972
March 1972: Cuba becomes a member of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON) - the "other" NATO
1976
Feb. 1976: Soviet and Cuban forces help install Communist government in Angola.
Dec. 1976: Fidel Castro becomes president of Cuba

Cuba after the war (rebuilding)
- National Assembly of Cuba passes the Constitutional Reform Law allowing for direct elections to the assembly by the Cuban people every five years
- Cuban government announce it is opening state enterprises to private investment.
- Russian President Vladimir Putin visits Cuba and signs accords aimed at boosting bilateral ties.
- Ban on transactions in US dollars, and imposition of 10% tax on dollar-peso conversions introduced.
- Hurricane Dennis causes widespread destruction and leaves 16 people dead.
- Raúl Castro assumes presidential duties as Fidel Castro recovers from an emergency operation (Fidel refuses to be reelected)

1991
May 1991:
- Dissolution of Soviet Union highly affects Cuban economy
- Cuba removes all troops from Angola.

Cold War Effects on Cuba
Contextualize Cold War
- It was mainly a battle of capitalism (USA) vs. communism (socialism - USSR): capitalist nations were trying to 'ban' socialism and communism. There were little fights between the two countries, but that took place in different locations, such as Cuba, Vietnam, etc.
- 1945-1991 (in 1991, USSR split and became independent countries; majority of Jewish people left)
- Capitalism: profit-based economy; private ownership; competition; inequalities; labor exploitation
Communism: social and economic equality; government control everything (specially economic); community, communal ownership; leaders emerge
- Third world countries were all of those with no allies, and who were not present in the war, but were being influenced by it (financial benefits).


How did Cuba get involved?
- US trying to impede Cuba from aligning to USSR
- Fidel put himself in power and he went after USSR for alliance


- Timeline
Jan. 1959: Fidel Castro assumes power (Premier of Cuba) after the Cuban Revolution and installs the communist government

Dec. 1960: openly aligns to USSR

Jan. 1961: US terminates diplomatic relations
Apr. 1961: Bay of Pigs invasion: a group of Cuban exiles, backed by the US, invades Cuba at the Bay of Pigs, in a failed attempt to trigger an anti-Castro rebellion

Aug. 1962: Evidence of Soviet missile installations in Cuba: Cuban Missile Crisis
Oct. 1962:
- Kennedy gathered the "ExComm", the Executive Committee of the National Security Council.
- U.S. establishes air and sea blockade in response to photographs of Soviet missile bases under construction in Cuba. U.S. threatens to invade Cuba if the bases are not dismantled and warns that a nuclear attack launched from Cuba would be considered a Soviet attack requiring full retaliation.
- Kennedy sends Khrushchev a letter stating that he will make a statement that the U.S. will not invade Cuba if Khrushchev removes the missiles from Cuba.
- Khrushchev agrees to remove offensive weapons from Cuba and the U.S. agrees to remove missiles from Turkey
- End of Cuban Missile Crisis

Nov. 1962: U.S. ends Cuban blockade, satisfied that all bases are removed and Soviet jets will leave the island by December 20.

March 1972: Cuba becomes a member of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON) - the "other" NATO

Feb. 1976: Soviet and Cuban forces help install Communist government in Angola.
Dec. 1976: Fidel Castro becomes president of Cuba

May 1991:
- Dissolution of Soviet Union highly affects Cuban economy
- Cuba removes all troops from Angola.


Cuba after the war (rebuilding)
- National Assembly of Cuba passes the Constitutional Reform Law allowing for direct elections to the assembly by the Cuban people every five years
- Cuban government announce it is opening state enterprises to private investment.
- Russian President Vladimir Putin visits Cuba and signs accords aimed at boosting bilateral ties.
- Ban on transactions in US dollars, and imposition of 10% tax on dollar-peso conversions introduced.
- Hurricane Dennis causes widespread destruction and leaves 16 people dead.
- Raúl Castro assumes presidential duties as Fidel Castro recovers from an emergency operation (Fidel refuses to be reelected)

What was the cold war?
capitalism (USA) vs. communism (socialism - USSR): capitalist nations were trying to 'ban' socialism and communism
little fights between the two countries, but that took place in different locations, such as Cuba, Vietnam, etc
Capitalism vs. Communism
profit-based economy; private ownership; competition; inequalities; labor exploitation
vs.
social and economic equality; government control everything (specially economic); community, communal ownership; leaders emerge
Third World Countries
third world countries were all of those with no allies, and who were not present in the war, but were being influenced by it (financial benefits)
USSR split and became independent countries; majority of Jewish people left
How did Cuba get involved?
US trying to impede Cuba from aligning to USSR
Fidel put himself in power and he went after USSR for alliance
Full transcript