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TOK PRESENTATION : TESTING ON ANIMALS

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Aditya Prodduturu

on 5 December 2014

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Transcript of TOK PRESENTATION : TESTING ON ANIMALS

TOK PRESENTATION : TESTING ON ANIMALS
Knowledge Issue

To what extent can it be considered to be ethical to experiment and potentially harm one species for the betterment of another?
WAYS OF KNOWING
Emotion - Many people are very passionate about their opinion about animals testing. Some people are very concerned and care a lot about animals, hence causing them to oppose testing on animals severely,
Reason - When thinking from a reasonable and logical perspective, people generally consider the pros and cons of testing on animals. usually, people find logic and reason in their perspective, and take a stance on animal testing
Memory - People may have previous experiences which may influence their stance on animal testing
Activity
Essential Question
AREAS OF KNOWLEDGE
Ethics - The moral dilemma of whether to support animal testing or to oppse the animal testing
Human Sciences - The experiments are being done by humans and the experiments are done in order to benefit humans
OTHER TYPES OF TESTING EXAMPLES
WORLD WAR II: Imperial Japanese Unit 731
Holocaust Nazi Experiment
Data


Pacelle, Wayne. "Testing Our Humanity and Ingenuity on Animal Testing." The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 17 July 2014. Web. 01 Dec. 2014. <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/wayne-pacelle/testing-our-humanity-and_b_5596243.html>.

“Testing Our Humanity and Ingenuity on Animal Testing”


RLS
Every year, 20 million animals are used worldwide in chemical studies, causing immense suffering and pain
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's current screening program includes five of 11 tests that use animals.
Traditional skin corrosion and irritation studies using animals inflict a great deal of pain and suffering on large numbers of animals -- usually one to three rabbits for each test.
Recently, toxicologists and regulators have began to understand how to test for skin corrosion and irritation without using animals.
New methods that use cultured cells and tissues instead of live animals to test potential hormone (endocrine) disrupting chemicals.
Making move away from use of animals
1. How many animals are used in testing each year?
a) 5 million
b) 20 million
c) 50 million
d) 100 million


2. What types of animals are used in testing?
a) Dogs
b) Cats
c) Monkeys
d) All of the above


3. Is animal testing necessary?
a) Yes
b) No
c) IDK
d) Teehee

Video
Pros & Cons of Animal Testing
Life saving contributions
No alternative
Ethical considerations
Animals benefit
Highly regulated
Short life cycles
Pros
Cons
Cruel and inhumane
Alternative testing
Different from humans
Misleading
95% not protected
Unreliable :Flawed experiments
Animal Abuse
Not essential
How does testing on animals reflect how people value life other than human life?
CONCLUSION
BIBLIOGRAPHY
"Animal Experiments: Overview." PETA. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2014. <http://www.peta.org/issues/animals-used-for-experimentation/animals-used-experimentation-factsheets/animal-experiments-overview/>.
Hutchinson, Martin. "Have the Scientists Gone Too Far?" BBC News. BBC, 07 Mar. 2003. Web. 27 Nov. 2014. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/3040126.stm>.
Hutchinson, Martin. "Have the Scientists Gone Too Far?" BBC News. BBC, 07 Mar. 2003. Web. 27 Nov. 2014. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/3040126.stm>.
"One Minute of Reality: Animal Testing." YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2014. <
Pacelle, Wayne. "Testing Our Humanity and Ingenuity on Animal Testing." The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 17 July 2014. Web. 01 Dec. 2014. <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/wayne-pacelle/testing-our-humanity-and_b_5596243.html>.
One's stance on whether it can be considered to be ethical to experiment and potentially harm one species for the betterment of another depends on one's perspective and way of knowing, whether it maybe reason, emotion, and previous experiences
Full transcript