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Discrimination

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Zi yan lim

on 25 October 2013

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Transcript of Discrimination

Assessment 3
DISCRIMINATION
WHAT IS DISCRIMINATION
HOW OUR PERSONAL PERSPECTIVES CHANGED !
The biased treatment of different categories of people.

Many forms of discrimination:
Race
Religion
Gender
Age
Appearance
Disability


Ethnic Integration Policy (EIP)
- Allows people from different racial groups to live together under the same apartment block.
- No interaction DEFEATS the purpose

Government intervention not 100% effective
- Seen as 'TREATING THE WOUND' instead of 'ADDRESSING THE PROBLEM'

Fair employment rule
- Employers may not adhere
- Laws may alleviate the situation, but may not completely stop discrimination.

Conversation with PM LEE
- Only targets at very limited people, many are still unable to voice their opinions.
EFFECTIVENESS OF THOSE MEASURES

Enhance bonding within the neighbourhood.
Organize bonding activities on a regular basis and invite the people living in the neighbourhood to participate.

Block celebrations on various occasions for the residents.
Festive occasions such as Deepavali, Hari Raya, CHristmas and Chinese New Year can be celebrated in the neighbourhood to promote interaction between the residents.

Allowing citizens to EXPERIENCE being discriminated, so that they will stop discriminating.
A training session where students/ companies are required to take part, to experience being discriminated. For instance, the 30HR Famine camp where campers experience living in the conditions of a third world country.

Address the PROBLEM, not just removing those who are not adhering to the laws
WHAT MORE CAN BE DONE ?
Discrimination is a serious and complex issue that exists around the world. It is so deeply rooted in the society that it requires ample effort to prevent it from leading towards the negative side. It is especially important for us to understand this issue as we live in a multiracial society. Through this assignment, we learnt the importance of combating discrimination

Learning Points:
APARTHEID IN SOUTH AFRICA

Although Apartheid fell almost two decades ago, a lot of the black South African still have the apartheid mentality of seeing themselves as inferior.
Today, some of the young South Africans are even using Apartheid as an excuse for underachieving.
HOW HAS SINGAPORE TRIED TO ADDRESS THE CHALLENGES FACED ?
Singapore's Context
CHINA, Xinjiang
VIOLENCE IN CHINA, XINJIANG
SOUTH AFRICA
SINGAPORE
1 a
1 b
2 a
3 KEY ISSUES/LEARNING POINTS
SINGAPORE
LEARNING POINT 1 : SINGAPORE CONTEXT
Every country is vulnerable
A SINGAPORE'S PERSPECTIVE
A system of legal racial separation in South Africa from 1948 to 1993, different races were being separated into different regions and discrimination against people of colour was acceptable and was also legally entrenched.
Whites not only dominated the cities, they are also given the priority to many benefits, such as jobs, healthcare, housing and education.
A woman shouts at Chinese security officers in the city of Urumqi on Tuesday. (David Gray/Reuters)
Tension between the Uighur and Han Chinese communities has been steadily building up over the past three decades in Xinjiang. The Communist authorities in Beijing has yet to come up with solutions to solve this problem.
The tension has led to many riots happening between the two ethnic groups.
JULY 2009 Urumqi Riot
Reported:
156 DEAD
1100 INJURED
(Mostly Han Chinese)
The trigger for the riots in Xinjiang was a factory brawl in far-away, coastal Guangdong Province.
The brawl broke out due to suspicion that a Uighur worker had sexually assaulted a Han Chinese woman.
In this event, 2 Uighurs were murdered by Han Chinese.
1. EVERY COUNTRY IS VULNERABLE TO DISCRIMINATION ISSUES
- Affects the economy of the country, country progress slower

Xinjiang:
Han Chinese's prejudice and discrimination against Uighurs
Conflict and fight -> affect the tourism industry and decline in investments

Apartheid in South Africa:
The majority whites discriminate against the minority blacks
Income gap widens between those being discriminated and those not.
Feel inferior for the rest of their lives
2. GOVERNMENT- HUGE ROLE TO PLAY
Has the greatest say in a country
Should take into consideration everyone’s viewpoint

Xinjiang:
Government was slow in their intervention actions.
The government do not understand the ethnic problem and was slow in their response, leading to the riots.

Apartheid in South Africa:
Government supported the system - which led to the minority feeling helpless
Caused the economic instability in the country
3. UNDERSTANDING NOT TOLERATING
Involves changing people's attitudes

Xinjiang:
Understanding of cultures between the
Han Chinese and Uighurs will allow them
to live in harmony, preventing riots.

Apartheid in South Africa:
Understand the differences of the other race
Live in harmony
Example 1:
Discrimination by EMPLOYER

Pregnant woman (SIA)
Disabled
Race
Nationality
Example 2:
Discrimination practice against LOCAL Singaporeans
- Hire foreigners to locals
- Singaporeans see foreigners' presence as stealing their jobs away.

Former Minister Mentor Lee said:
GOVERNMENT
Every country is vulnerable
Example 3:
The Ferrari Car Crash Accident

This case actually fueled Singapore anti-foreign sentiment.
As a small country, the Singapore’s economy can be easily affected by small issues and the consequences are huge. Economy is highly linked to the stability of the country.
LEARNING POINT 2: SINGAPORE CONTEXT
Government plays a huge role
Example 1: Amy Cheong Case







What was done: Sacked from its membership division

Secretary-general Lim Swee Say said that "NTUC takes a serious view on racial harmony in Singapore", adding that it "will not accept and have zero tolerance towards any words used or actions taken by (its) staff that are racially offensive".

Every organizations has a part to play in educating their employees on the right actions and words.
Example 1:

"I noticed that the PR (SMRT public relations officer) mentioned that some of the (SMRT) staff, because they are Malay, they are Indian, they can't converse in English well enough, so that also deters them, but I think we accept broken English.”

Netizen perceived them as a racist remarks

If this situation is not handled properly, disputes may arise.
With the media circulating the news through Internet and TV, there is no doubt that this will cause upsets among the citizens and especially with the comment coming from someone who is a member of the parliament.
LEARNING POINT 3: SINGAPORE CONTEXT
Understanding NOT tolerating
1. To be citizens who are more understanding towards different racial groups around us and not let our stereotypes of them cause any unhappiness.
HDB Apartments
A group of students interviewed a construction worker to understand their life in Singapore
Helps people to understand the workers’ life
Make people will feel appreciative of their contributions
A group of students from Victoria Junior College (VJC) posed for a photo with foreign workers to convey the message that the foreign workers are just harmless individuals earning their keep.
Wrong perception that construction workers = dangerous people.
2. Treat everyone equally, regardless of their differences. (For example, giving everyone an equal chance to get a job.)
In Singapore, an individual could be punished with a fine, a jail sentence of up to three years, or both, if found guilty of any racist remarks (racial discrimination) as it could lead to conflicts between racial groups.
Tripartite Guidelines on Non-Discriminatory Job Advertisements

Employers should state selection criteria clearly in job advertisements.

SPH was one of the first to adhere to these guidelines
- ensures that all the job ads published on their newspaper or online is non-discriminatory.
3. Have humility, kindness, honesty and willing to compromise to gain peace with each other.
4. Promote harmonious racial relations and inculcate human values to the younger generation.
-----------------------------------------
6. We can play our part by not only changing the way we treat other races, but also educate others about discrimination and change their views for the better.
7. Continuous discrimination will only cause more conflicts and riots.
EVERYONE HAS A PART TO PLAY IN COMBATING AGAINST DISCRIMINATION!
5.
Racial Harmony Day
Stop discriminating criminals, THEY DESERVE A SECOND CHANCE !

Objective: Engage the community in accepting ex-offenders and their families, giving them a second chance in life and to inspire a ripple effect of concerted community action to support ex-offenders and their families.
7 WISP
Miss Narayanan Maykalavaane
3
1
2
3
4
5
Clara Chen Si Jia
Geena Er Qian Hui
Icen Lestari
Kwa Jie Si
Lim Zi Yan
S10096488E
s10095426k
S10093185H
S10095886B
S10096538A
An event in July to commemorate the 1964 racial riot.
Reflect and celebrate Singapore's harmonious society built on a rich diversity of cultures.
Becoming a norm in Singapore to see such comments

From the act of one young Indian boy, people can link this issue to the whole of India, claiming that nobody in India is of anything good
EXAMPLE 4:
National Conversation with PM LEE
-A television forum
-Share their perspectives and aspirations with the forum panelists and polled on issues during the programme
-One of the topic: Accepting immigrants
Hearing out the minorities
-PAP members conduct frequent visits to public members
Introduced the Ethnic Integration Policy (EIP) in 1989




Limitation: Different races do not necessarily interact.
Every country is vulnerable to discrimination issues

Government plays a huge role

Understanding NOT tolerating
References:

Singapore jails bloggers for racist remarks. (2005, October 10). The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved from http://www.smh.com.au/news/breaking/singapore-jails-bloggers-for-racist-remarks/2005/10/07/1128563001603.html
Jeff Ooi. (2005, October 7). Singapore: Blogger jailed for posting racist remarks. Global Voices. Retrieved from http://globalvoicesonline.org/2005/10/07/singapore-bloggers-jailed-for-posting-racist-remarks/
How the Eip Has Affected Racial Harmony in Singapore. (2011, June). StudyMode.com. Retrieved from http://www.studymode.com/essays/How-The-Eip-Has-Affected-Racial-721498.html
S.E. Smith. (2013, January 12). What is apartheid?. Retrieved on 2013, January 14 from http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-apartheid.htm
bigtalksingapore. (2011, July 23). A sad comment for Singaporean [Web log comment]. Retrieved from http://bigtalksingapore.wordpress.com/2011/07/23/a-sad-comment-for-singaporean/
Facebook. (2012, April 2). Stop Racism In Singapore | Facebook Retrieved from https://www.facebook.com/pages/Stop-Racism-In-Singapore/172719476182161
Sim, F. (2011, Dec 22). Sorry for ‘regrettable mistake’: Seng Han Thong. Yahoo! News Singapore. Retrieved from http://sg.news.yahoo.com/amk-mp-defends--broken-english--comments-on-tv.html
Interview with a typical construction worker in Singapore [Video file]. Retrieved from
Tan, J. (2012, October 8). NTUC fires Assistant Director for racist comments. Yahoo! News Singapore. Retrieved from http://sg.news.yahoo.com/ntuc-assistant-director-says-sorry-for-racist-post.html
Bong. (2012, April 14). VJC students' FB photo essay on foreign workers gets the thumbs up from netizens. Message posted to http://static.stomp.com.sg/stomp/sgseen/this_urban_jungle/1058372/vjc_students_fb_photo_essay_on_foreign_workers.html
Kor, K B. (2011, November 1). Don't discriminate against Singaporeans. The Straits Times. Retrieved from http://www.stjobs.sg/career-resources/hr-updates/dont-discriminate-against-singaporeans/a/300
Legal Aid Western Australia. (2012, October 19). Being treated fairly - Discrimination. Retrieved from http://www.legalaid.wa.gov.au/InformationAboutTheLaw/treatment/Pages/Discrimination.aspx
Blank, S. (2009, July 08). China: Examining the Root Causes of Xinjiang's Ethnic Discontent. Retrieved from http://www.eurasianet.org/departments/insightb/articles/eav070909b.shtml.
The right to bear children is a universal right, which should not be denied.
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