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Sweden's Pro Natal Birth Policy
Transcript of Sweden's Pro Natal Birth Policy
What is a Pro Natal Policy?
A Pro Natal policy is a way of control the size of a population through encouraging and promoting birth.
Many countries have pro natal birth control policies. Sweden, Iran and France all have natalist policies.
What characterises this policy?
The defining features of Sweden's birth policy are
Publicly run childcare services
Support for mother's employment
Support for father involvement
Support for single mothers
Birth rates in the Western world dropped during the interwar period.
In 1934 the Swedish sociologists Alva and Gunnar Myrdal published Crisis in the Population Question in which they suggested an extensive welfare state with free healthcare and childcare with the aim to level off the reproductive level for all classes.
Swedish fertility rose throughout the course of the Second World War as Sweden was largely unaffected and unharmed by the war.
Sweden's birth rate peaked in 1946 at 2.6.
In Sweden there were lots of young professionals delaying having children. They were delaying marriage but cohabiting earlier as a result of forming first partnerships at much younger ages.
Some people were marrying, having children but then divorcing leading to a rise in the number of one-parent families and the number of people living alone. Thus discouraging other people from having children.
When children's families broke up the Swedish government would do as much as possible to maintain family ties wile placing the child in the care of an educator or trained carer.
•On a lighter note suicide rates in Sweden are the second highest in Europe, exceeded by Finland.
Has it worked?
According to the raw evidence this policy has worked.
Children do well in subsidised care, children do well with more involvement from their father. They don't suffer from their mother's work involvement.
Because the stresses of mainting a proffesional career and having a family have been reduced Swedish people want to have more children.
Sweden is more concerned with maintaining their birth rate as it was as opposed to trying encourage people to have many more children. In Sweden many people put work before family
This resulted in lots of single professionals with no children.
BR - 12
DR - 10
TFR - 1.9
Population - 9.6 million