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Japan and Architecture

Group Project
by

Hilario Benitez

on 3 May 2013

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Transcript of Japan and Architecture

Osaka •The Osaka Castle was built in the end of the 16th century by Toyotomi Hideyoshi, a well-known warlord who brought the whole country under his rule in the late 16th century. It has been burned down in a series of battles in the 17th century, and reconstructed later. Once again it was destroyed by fire, its donjon only reduced to ashes this time, and was reconstructed at last early in the 20th century. On display at its 1st to 7th floors are various weapons, armors and folklife items of those days. There is a view spot on the 8th floor.

•With waterways running around the castle, there is a water bus service that takes you out on an 1-hour cruise in the river that flows through the city.

•It's one of the best places in Osaka to do hanami (cherry blossom viewing). •Namba Yasaka Shrine has long been worshipped as the tutelary deity of the Namba district. The shrine was once flourishing, possessing shichido garan (seven standard buildings of a Buddhist temple complex) and 12 attached temples. However, it declined due to wartime fires.
•After the Meiji Restoration in the late 19th century, the temple was closed based on the edict ordering separation of Shinto and Buddhism.
•The shrine’s buildings were burned down in the 1945 air raids. The present buildings are reconstructions built after the war.
•The enormous lion head-shaped Ema-Den, measuring 12 m high, 11 m wide and 10 m deep, is particularly eye-catching.
•The Tug-of-War Ritual, held on the third Sunday in January every year, was originated based on a Japanese myth that Susano-o-no-mikoto, the enshrined deity of the shrine, killed the large snake Yamata-no-orochi, thus eliminating people’s hardships. •Tsutenkaku Tower is located in the colorful Shinsekai area of Osaka.
•It was built in 1912 as part of the Luna Park amusement park. At the time, it was the second tallest structure in Asia at 60 meters. The park was closed in 1925 and the tower was damaged in WWII. It was dismantled for its iron for the war effort.
•In 1956 it was reconstructed. The new structure is 103 meters tall. It provides an unobstructed view of Osaka. •The Umeda Sky Building is a spectacular high rise building in the Kita district of Osaka, near Osaka and Umeda Stations. It is also known as the "New Umeda City".
•The 173 meter tall building consists of two main towers which are connected with each other by the "Floating Garden Observatory" on the 39th floor. The observatory offers a great view of the city for a 700 yen admission fee.
•The basement features a market that recreates the atmosphere of Osaka in the early 20th century. Yokohama City- Yokohama
Yokohama means "habour of future" in Japanese. It is the second largest city, after Tokyo, with a population of 3 million. Yokohama is located in Tokyo Bay and is less than half an hour south of Tokyo by train and is the capital of Kanagawa prefecture. Yokohama is a major commercial hub of the Greater Tokyo area. It has many high-rise buildings, including Japan's tallest building the Landmark Tower.

Historical reasons to visit Yokohama: End of the Edo Period (1603-1867), Yokohama's port was first to be opened to foregn trade in 1859. Consequently, it grew from a small fishing village into one of Japan's major cities. The Landmark Tower
Opened in 1993, Architect- The Stubbins Associates, Inc., Mitsubishi Estate Co.
Height: 296 meters/972ft. 70 Floors.

It is the tallest building in Japan, has an observatory on the 69th fl. called the The Sky Garden. The elevator is the fasted in Japan and second fasted in the world. It takes 40 secs to travel from the 2nd fl to 69th floor. Marine Tower
Architect: Shimizu Corporation
Height: 106 meters

Opened in 1961, as part of an event that commemorated the 100th aniversary of the opening of Port Yokohama to foreign trade, and is also the symbol of the city of Yokohama. The tower functioned as a lighthouse, watching the port for 50 yrs, until its retirement on Sept 1, 2008. To commemorate the 150th anniversary of the opening of the port to foreign trade, the tower was reburbished and born again as the new Yokohama Marine Tower. Visitors can view the beautiful night views of the Yokohama Bay Bridge, and wharf called Horimokufuto from the observation platform where the entire port and city can be seen. Master Kiyoshi Yamashita created a mosaic wall art made of glass int he well-hole style on the 1st and 2nd floors, which give visitors a sinse of purity. It is the most popular travel spot in Yokohama. There is a fad growing in large urban areas of very small apartments and Tokyo has joined in. There are now “Share houses” aka “Geki-sema” where people are paying $586 US or 55,000 yen to live in an almost coffin like apartment less than two tatami mats in size. There is only enough room for sleeping, some clothes and a small tv. It is the tallest free standing broadcast tower in the world standing in the world at 634 meters or 2,080 feet tall. It is also the second tallest structure. The tower is actually its own special color, made just for it called, “SKYTREE white” which is based on the color “aijiro” or the lightest shade of Japanese Indigo blue. Small Apartments Reflection of Mineral by Atelier Tekuto (2006)
“Straddling a corner of a dense Tokyo neighborhood, Yasuhiro Yamashita solved multiple challenges by shaping the home with large jewel-like facets. A compact parking space is carved out below, while glazed planes bring in light and views of the surrounding street." House NA
This 914sqft house in a quiet section of Tokyo stands out for the fact that it is transparent. There are many individual levels in this house which can accommodate more people than one would think. Houses Buildings Heijo Palace Naramachi - Where the Empress Gemmei lived along with government officials

- UNESCO World Heritage Site

- 1 kilometer long and 1 kilometer wide

- History of the Palace is displayed in Nara Palace Site Museum and Heijokyo History Museum.

- Heavily influenced by Chinese architecture at the time Japanese Architecture
Bryan Dunncan
Emynee Carter
Hilario Benitez
Josna Islam
Sandy Tieu Yokohama Port Opening Memorial Hall According to Japanese citizens, it’s the most beautiful building in yokohama and was called “jack” by generations of sailors and merchants.
It was completed in 1917 and opened in 1918, Jack is neo-renaissance structure; the hall was built by bricks and granite stone in British Victorian style. In the great 1923 earthquake the exterior remains standing, the interior suffered severe damage. The interior was restored six decades later. It has been designated an important national and historic property by the Japanese government.
The memorial hall’s clock tower has become a symbol of Yokohama with clock on each of its four sides. The tip of the clock tower lights up at night.
-Largest building of the hall
Suzaku Gate (Suzakumon)
-Gate in the South Koshi no Ie (Naramachi Lattic House)
-Former merchant home
-Open to the public
-Machiya townhouse Imanishike Shoin Residence
-Temple official
-Shoin style Our research showed that there is a correlation with the recent class lectures between the architecture and the nikkeijin. For instance, the construction workers are often foreigners with Japanese ancestry (predominantly Brazilians). In fact, the nikkeijin are the workforce of Japan’s 3K jobs: Kiken (dangerous), Kitsui (tough), and kitanai (dirty). Conclusion Former Audience Hall (Daigokuden) East Palace Garden (Toin Teien)

Imperial Household Agency (Kunaicho) Images of Japan show us that Architecture is viewed as a sign of a modern country, however Japan has also preserved its roots and this becomes evident in the wide variety of Architecture. Thesis:
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