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Sacajawea

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by

Kerbi Cavanor

on 3 December 2010

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Transcript of Sacajawea

Sacajawea Background Information
The daughter of a Shoshone chief
It is believed she was born around the year 1787, near the current city of Lemhi, Idaho
She was born into the tribe of Shoshoni
The name Sacajawea means "bird girl" Bibliography http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/people/s_z/sacagawea.htm
http://www.biographybase.com/biography/Sacagawea.html
http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://factology.com/sacajawea.jpg
http://www.ahsd25.k12.il.us/curriculum/nativeamericans/gbextra.html
http://www.texaspastelsociety.com/html/artwork_14.html

The Next Few Years In 1800, she was captured by a group of Hidatsa and taken to their village near the present city of Washburn, North Dakota
At the age of 16, she married Toussaint Charbonneau (who originally purchased her as a slave)
Sacajawea was pregnant when Charbonneau and herself were spending time in Fort Mandan
The Corps of Discovery were also staying in Fort Mandan at the same time
In 1804, Lewis and Clark interviewed Charbonneau to interpret the Hidatsa language, they were not impressed with him, but when they found out Sacajawea spoke Shoshone, she was an added bonus
She gave birth to her son, Jean Baptiste Charbonneau ("Pomp") on February 11, 1805 The Journey Begins She would then proceed to carry her infant throughout the whole Lewis and Clark expedition
This was a sign to other native tribes to approach Lewis and Clark in a friendly manner
Sacajawea did not serve as a guide the whole entire trip, since she only knew the land from where she grew up on
Sacajawea did, however, know certain landmarks which was very useful throughout the beginning of the expedition
Sacajawea's main job was a translator
She had to translate the native languages into Hidatsa for her husband and then her husband would translate it into French for others to then translate into English
Sacajawea also helped in relationships with the Native Americans. For example: on August 17, 1805, Sacajawea talked to her brother, so he could give horses to the travelers
Sacajawea also is valuable during the expedition by her swimming skills. For example: In 1805, a boat flips in the Columbia River and Sacajawea saves many important items Two Important Facts Sacajawea accompanied Lewis and Clark on their expedition.
Sacajawea's main job was a translator, since she could only act as a guide on the land she grew up on. After the Expedition The members of the expedition parted ways after returning to Fort Mandan in August of 1805
The Corps of Discovery offered to take the Charbonneau family to St. Louis and give them land for farming and an education for Jean Baptiste
The offer was declined, even though in 1809 the family moved to St. Louis
Toussaint Charbonneau abandoned farming after moving to St. Louis, and left with Sacajawea to Fort Manuel (near today's North Dakota/South Dakota border)
They left Jean Baptiste in the care of William Clark
Records show that Toussaint Charbonneau left Sacajawea while he was off on further travels
Sacajawea died in December 12, 1812 or April 9, 1884 of "putrid fever", which would be known today as diphtheria Sacajawea Lives on Today Sacajawea was portrayed on a US postage stamp in 1994
Sacajawea and her son, Jean Baptiste, are currently on the United States dollar coin
The Sacajawea Interpretive Center was opened in Salmon, Idaho in August 2003, near her birthplace Myths and Legends Since reliable historical information about Sacajawea is extremely limited, many myths and legends began to evolve overtime
One of these myths was that Sacajawea was romantically associated with Lewis and Clark
This is not true, she was just friendly towards them and did them favors Pronunciations Sacajawea is thought to be the actual spelling of her name
Sacagawea is the most widely used spelling of her name, and is properly pronounced (sä-kä'gä-wē'ä).
Sakakawea (sä-kä'kä-wē'ä) is the next most widely adopted spelling and pronunciation, and is the official spelling of her name according to the Three Affiliated Tribes, which include the Hidatsa. This pronunciation is mainly used in North Dakota Timeline 1787: Sacajawea born

1799-1801: Sacajawea captured by Hidatsas and sold to Toussaint Charbonneau

1804: Toussaint Charbonneau offers his services to the expedition as an interpreter

February 1805: Sacajawea gives birth to Jean Baptiste ("Pomp")

1805: The expedition leaves its winter camp. Sacajawea, carrying Jean Baptiste, accompanies her husband Charbonneau on the journey

1805: A sudden storm nearly capsizes one of the expedition's boats. Sacajawea's quick action saves many valuable supplies from floating away.

August 18, 1805: Sacajawea helps Lewis and Clark trade for Shoshone horses

November 8, 1805: The expedition first sights the Pacific Ocean

August 17, 1806: Sacajawea and Charbonneau leave the expedition

August 20, 1806: Clark writes letter to Sacajawea and offers to take over responsibility for raising Jean Baptiste ("Pomp").

September 1806: Lewis and Clark Expedition reaches St. Louis

1811: Sacajawea and Charbonneau leave St. Louis area and leave Jean Baptiste with Clark.

December 1812: Sacajawea's death at Fort Manuel in South Dakota The United States Dollar Coin Sacajawea and Jean Baptiste Most Widely Used Portrait Sacajawea helping Lewis and Clark A Landmark By: Kerbi Cavanor
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