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War in Europe and Africa - Social Studies
Transcript of War in Europe and Africa - Social Studies
is important too
Germans occupied almost all of Europe and much of North Africa.
Stalin and many allied leaders
wanted the Allies to launch an attack on the English Channel.
Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill disagreed, decided to attack North Africa first.
British turned back German General Erwin Rommel "The Desert Fox" at El Alamein.
Took place in November 1942
El Alamein was fought in the desert.
Allies drove Germany out of North Africa in May 1943.
Invasion of France by Allied forces.
Known as Operation Overlord
Dwight D. Eisenhower landed his troops on the beaches of Normandy on June 6, 1944
Operation Overlord was a precisely calculated, articulate military invasion on many fronts
Choose your BATTLE
At this time, Germany was attacking many Soviet cities
Leningrad for 900 Days
Germany over-extended its forces and began running out of supplies in the Soviet Union.
Winter was setting in on the German's last push for victory.
Thousands upon thousands of Germans died from the harsh winter conditions.
Ultimately led to the demise of the German war effort on the Russian front.
But at a cost...
The Eastern Front
The Germans were fighting two fronts.
The Eastern front featured the Soviet forces pushing the Germans out of Eastern Europe.
The Western front featured the British and American forces approaching the German border.
On December 16th, 1944, the Germans launched a surprise attack along a 50-mile front in Belgium.
Known as the Battle of the Bulge.
The Germans drove troops and artillery deep into a "bulge" in the Allied lines.
Only after 100,000 casualities had amassed were the German's pushed back
Marked the end of serious German resistance in the war.
Total Soviet casualities were reported to upwards of 25,000,000 (That's more than Kansas City, Los Angeles, Chicago, Dallas, New York, and Philadelphia combined!)
United States casualities were reported to be 295,000. Far short of Soviet losses.
German losses were tallied at around 7,000,000
It is estimated that 61 million lives were lost in total.
Understand basic concepts of the European and African theatres
Describe the factors that led to the Allies victory
Explain the important battles in the European theatre
What geographic features might make your assigned area attractive for the invasion site?
What geographic features might make the other areas unattractive?
Would the technology and tactics used in 1944 make an invasion from your assigned area possible?
What military considerations make your area more attractive? (enemy troop strength, availability of supplies, etc.)
What political considerations make your area more attractive? (acceptance of the plan by Allied leaders, more support from resistance groups, etc.)
Does your invasion site provide the easiest, most logical opportunity to subdue Nazi Germany?
Any other information your group feels important to strengthen your case for your location as a likely invasion location.
You are to:
- Research the area of invasion you have been given using the websites listed.
- Create a presentation using the information you have researched. (PowerPoint, Prezi, Voicethread, Animoto, construction paper, etc.)
- You have been given a rubric to use in order to gain a
GOOD GRADE! :)
- Your presentation should be 3-5 minutes in length.
This activity will be presented to the class on
Friday or Monday
, depending on how much you are able to complete.
You will not be able to complete this today. Be thorough in your research, take notes.
Hint - You may want to create an outline to help you organize your presentation. Use the questions I gave you as a guide.