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Hinduism Scrapbook WS7

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Lia Herrera

on 29 January 2013

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Transcript of Hinduism Scrapbook WS7

BY Lia Herrera There is no specific year of when Hinduism started. People think it may have originated in The Indus Valley around 1500 BC or earlier. People suggest that Hinduism was created by the Indus Valley people and the Aryans, mixing mixing both beliefs and practices togteher. We do know that The Indus Valley people were the first to practice Hinduism. Origins & History There is no single founder of Hinduism. It was founded not as a religion but as a culture that flourished throughout India and eventually formed a religion. it may have started out by The Aryans adding gods to worship and later people brought other gods, beliefs and practices. It is now one of the most complex religions out there. Founders of leaders Different versions or sects Many Hindus worship everyday at home and have a shrine there. A shrine can be a small room, an altar, or just a picture or statue of that god that they are worshiping. They have a shrine where prayers and or offerings are made. Not all but most Hindus worship, wearing the sacred thread (cotton for Brahmin, and hemp for the Kshatriya). Also Hindus go to a temple(mandir) to worship too. Each temple or mandir is dedicated to a single god/ goddesses. There is not a set time or day to go worship. Worshipers go whenever they want too. They must take their shoes off when entering a mandir or temple. Landmarks/ Sites There is not a specific belief in Hinduism. Hinduism is based off teachings from The Vedas Though there is a lot of diversity, they do share a basic belief. They believe that when you die your soul is reborn and an animal or another body is put into you soul (Samsara). Other common beliefs of Hindus include:The Vedas, Brahmans, reincarnation and the law of Karma. They also believe the goal of life is to achieve Moksha, or come together with Brahman. To do that you must free yourself from selfish desires that seperate them from Brahman. Most people do achieve moksha, but not in one life time. Beliefs/Ethics/Morals Rituals Sacred Texts and Objects
Brahman is a too complex to understand so Hindus worship all types of deities that have similar aspects of Brahman. There are many gods that represent the different aspects of Brahman. Most important gods are Brahma, the creator, Vishnu, the preserver and Shiva the destroyer. They all represent an aspect of Brahman Deity(s) Almost everyday there is a celebration or festival. There are three main yearly festivals. All tree festivals include visiting temples, eating food specially made and exchanging gifts. One of thee three festivals is Diwali. Diwali is the festival of lights. The lights represent knowledge. People put the lights out to help guide Rama home. It is celebrated in late October. another one is Holi, which celebrates the coming of Spring. It is held in March or April. The last main festival is Dusshera. Dusshera is usually during September and celebrate Ramas triumph over the evil Ravana. Religious holidays/festivals/ceremonies Hindu teachings are written in sacred texts.The most ancient Hindu sacred text are written in Sanskrit and are called the vedas.The Vedas are a collections of hymns, prayers and magic. The Vedas help guide Hindus through there daily life. Another important sacred text is called The Mahabharata. The Mahabharata is a long poem that tells about a war between two loyal families, Kauravas and Pandavas. One more important sacred text is The Bhagavad-gita, which is a lot about ethical ideas central to Hinduism. There are four major sects in Hinduism. They is, Vaishnavism, Shaivism, Shaktism, and Smartism. All of these sects have furthure sub sects. Vaishnavism and Shaivism are usually monotheistic sects. They both believe in one god, Vishnu in Vaishnavism and Shiva in Shaivism. Vaishnavism is the largest sect. 2002 March (cc) image by jantik on Flickr 5+7= (cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr rituals is an important part of Hinduism. The most important Hinduism ritual is sacrifice. One of the most important ritual doing with death is called Pinda Pradana. It includes offerings of Pinda( small rice balls) which are to give to the person who has died for his/ her rebirth.Washing away sins is also a important ritual. The order of Hindu rituals are birth, marriage and death. A mandir lord Brahma Lord Shiva Lord Vishnu Adherents Timeline Hinduism Oldest Religion Yet! 3000 BCE
Mother Godes is worshiped in The Indus Valley 2002 March (cc) image by jantik on Flickr 700 BCE
Vaishnavism develops
around the god Vishnu 1500 BCE
Aryans invaders bring Vedic religion
religion to the Indus Valley 500 BCE
Upanishads
become a full scripture 273 BCE
Buddhisim
gains royal patronage; AFfects Hinduism Hinduism spreads to southern Asia Buddhism By Lia Herrera Landmarks/ Sites Different versions or sects Sacred Texts and Objects rituals

Buddhism was found by Siddhartha Gautama, an Indian prince born in approximately 563 BC. After Siddhartha saw and was told that life is full of suffering people, Siddhartha began his spiritual quest at the age of 29. the quest, lead him 6 years later to his enlightenment under the Bodhi tree, "the tree of wisdom" in Northern Indian. He became known as the Buddha (the enlightened one). He lived to the age of about 80 and when he died he had a following of approximately 500 disciples. Buddhism grew dramatically during the reign of Emperor Ashoka (268-239BCE.). Ashoka converted to Buddhism. As his Empire covered much of India, Buddhism spread throughout it. Origin founder & Leaders Siddhartha Guatama found Buddhism. He was the most influential person in their religion, though he did not want people to think of him as a god. Traders spread Buddhism across India to many parts of Asia. Gradually, Buddhism split into two major sects, or smaller groups.

Theravada:Most like Buddhas original teachings, and requires a life devoted to spiritual work. It is believed that only devoted people like a monk, or nuns can have hope to reach nirvana

Mahayana: The easiest for ordinary people to follow. They pictured Buddha as a holy being( even though it was forbidden by the Buddha). Mahayana Buddhists described an afterlife filled with many heavens and hells. Buddhist people worship at home or in temple. It is unseemly to go worship with others at a temple
Home worshiping: there will be a statue of Buddha, candles, and an incense burner. People usually meditate
Temples: Buddhist temples come in many shapes and sizes. typical Buddhist buildings are called the Stupa, which is a stone structure built over what are thought to be relics of the Buddha, or over copies of the Buddha's teachings. There are many Buddhist scriptures and texts. here are two of the most common sacred texts:

The Tripitaka :identify the basic scripture of Buddhism’s teachings.
The Sutras: Mahayana Buddhism honor the Tripitaka as a holy text, but they add to it a total of 2184 sacred writings. Beliefs other notable leaders Ananda is Buddha's cousin and one of his main disciples.
Dalai Lama is the leader of Tibet and is the Tibetan Buddha
Nhat Hanh, Thich (1926-) nonnative Vietnamese Zen Buddhist monk, a teacher, author, a poet and a peace activist.
Buddhist followers did not see Buddha as god, but they still prayed for him as a leader.
There are many beliefs in Buddhism but all share a common set of fundamental beliefs.
common set of beliefs: The Tripitaka Current events Two Tibetan Buddhist Monks Protest China, Set Selves On Fire At Jokhang Temple In Lhasa, Tibet
05/27/12 11:48 PM ET Four Noble Truths explore human suffering
The Five Precepts are the rules to live by
Eightfold Path describes the way to the end of suffering
The Three jewels The Sutras Buddhism includes a variety of rituals and practices, which are planned to aid in the journey to enlightenment and bring blessings on oneself and others. The practice of meditation is central to nearly all forms of Buddhism Holidays/Festivals There are many holidays and festivals celebrated by Buddhists around the world each year, most of which honor important events in the life of the Buddha or various Bodhisattvas. A festival day normally begins with a visit to the local temple, where one offers food or other items to the monks and listens to a Dharma talk. The afternoon might include distributing food to the poor to earn credit, walking around the temple three times in honor of the Three Jewels, chanting and meditating A festival day Buddhist New Year
Vesak (Buddha Day)
Sangha Day
Ancestor Day Some important festivals/holidays Fourth largest world religion! What people think about after life, the purpose of life and human nature After Life: Rebirth or nirvana. Nirvana is seen simply as the end of suffering by some and as a heavenly paradise by others. Purpose of life: Theravada - Become an arhat, escaping the cycle of rebirth, and obtain nirvana.
Mahayana - Become a boddhisatva then help others obtain enlightenment. Human Nature:There is no self or soul. Human existence is nothing more than a combination of five impermanent elements. Other Sacred practices/rituals:
Meditation - Mental concentration and mindfulness
Mantras - Sacred sounds
Mudras - Symbolic hand gestures
Prayer Wheels - Reciting mantras with the turn of a wheel Sacred Art Mandala: spiritual and ritual significance in Hinduism and Buddhism Map of Buddhist adherents in the USA, 2010 BEIJING — Two men engulfed themselves in towering flames outside a temple that is a popular tourist site in Lhasa, marking the first time a recent wave of self-immolations( sacrifices) to protest Chinese rule has reached the tightly guarded Tibetan capital, two U.S. broadcasters reported Monday. 563 BC Siddhartha Guatama is born 528 BC Siddhartha under the Bohi tree for 48 days 539 BC Young Siddhartha 534 BC Siddhartha encounters Suffering Leaves his family to seek enlightment 534 BC 528 BC Acheives Enlightment 528 BC 1st Sermon;The Four Noble Truths Work Cited http://topics.cnn.com/topics/buddhism http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/buddhism/customs/worship_1.shtml http://www.religionfacts.com/buddhism/index.htm Mr. Thomas/notes 259 - 232 BCE Asoka converted to Buddhism Buddhism reaches central Asia 200 BC 1st century CE Perhaps as many as 500 sects of Buddhists existed by this time. Begging bowl
The begging bowl is one of the very few possessions of a Buddhist monk. It is used to collect offerings and symbolizes the Buddha's teachings. Prayer Wheel used to spin the wheel and to release the prayers into the universe. Incense Burners
One of the most universal of Buddhist ritual vessels, incense burners are used in all Buddhist cultures Current events Two Buddhist brides wed in Taiwan
By Alexis Lai, CNN
updated 1:23 PM EDT, Mon August 13, 2012 (CNN) -- "Two women in veils and voluminous white gowns kneel in front of a statue of the Buddha, exchanging vows and prayer beads to the languorous intonations of Buddhist chants.
This unconventional ceremony on Saturday was the first same-sex Buddhist wedding held in Taiwan, where a landmark bill to legalize same-sex marriage has been pending since 2003".
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