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Copy of PSA
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Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change in a way that reduces or eliminates the effectiveness of drugs, chemicals, or other agents designed to cure or prevent infections. The bacteria survive and continue to multiply causing more harm.
Why is it a problem?
Antibiotic resistance is a problem because as bacteria become resistant to our antibiotics, we become less able to treat them, leading to easily curable conditions becoming deadly.
“The loss of antibiotics due to antimicrobial resistance is potentially one of the most important challenges the medical and animal-health communities will face in the 21st century,” says Dr. Cyril Gay, the senior national program leader at the United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Agricultural Research Service.
What is Antibiotic Resistance?
What can we do about it?
When you are prescribed antibiotics, make sure the infection you have is bacterial and not viral
Make sure you finish all of the antibiotics you are given, not finishing them can cause bacteria to develop into resistant strands.
Never take antibiotics that are not prescribed to you
Statistics of Antibiotic Resistance
In the U.S., antibiotic resistance caused more than two million illnesses in 2013, and according to a report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an estimated 23,000 deaths in 2013. It also amounted to an extra $20 billion in healthcare costs.
A recent report commissioned by the U.K. government estimates that drug-resistant microbes could cause more than 10 million deaths and cost the global economy $100 trillion by the year 2050.
So, what is being done?
Don't be idiotic, finish your antibiotic!
Research published in December 2013 reported that a hand gel made with lemongrass oil was effective in reducing MRSA on the skin of human volunteers, and previous research has shown that a cleanser made with tea-tree oil clears MRSA from the skin as effectively as the standard treatments to which bacteria appear to be developing resistance.
In the lab, scientists have been testing all kinds of combinations of essential oils and antibiotics, and they’re repeatedly finding that the oils—used on their own and in combination with some common antibiotics—can fight numerous pathogens, including antibiotic-resistant strains of E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus (which causes staph infection), and other common types of bacteria. Results consistently show that combining essential oils and antibiotics significantly lowers the amount of antibiotic required to do the job. For example, two recent studies showed that lavender and cinnamon essential oils killed E. coli, and when combined with the antibiotic piperacillin, the oils reversed the resistance of the E. coli bacteria to the antibiotic.
Chances are, you've been prescribed an antibiotic at least once in your life.
Do you consider yourself to be an antibiotic psychotic?
Have you ever misused antibiotics by not finishing them or taken them to treat a virus?
If you just answered yes to any of the previous questions, that's a problem.
Not finishing your entire dosage of antibiotics is a problem because it leads to antibiotic resistance.
We should never take antibiotics for
infections because antibiotics treat
This picture is a great representation of the frustration of antibiotic resistance. There is a constant need for research and new antibiotics in order to combat antibiotic resistance. Not only is this time consuming, but it is also extremely costly.
How Does Antibiotic Resistance Work?
When you are prescribed an antibiotic, you have to take the entire prescription in order to kill off enough of the bad bacteria in your body to prevent it from being able to bounce back and repopulate.
When you do not finish your antibiotic, it allows for the resistant strands of bacteria in your body to reproduce. Over time, resistant bacteria will rise up in the population as the bacteria without the resistant gene die off.
Over the course of thousands of generations the population could evolve to be completely resistant to antibiotics.
Since you are now educated on the importance of antibiotic resistance, it is imperative that you spread the knowledge! Education is key for making a difference in the society one person at a time. If you know a friend or family member taking an antibiotic tell them why it's important to finish their antibiotic, for their own health as well as the health of the population.
What is Being Done Continued:
Recently, President Obama urged congress to DOUBLE funding to fight antibiotic resistance because he is aware of the implications that antibiotic resistance can have down the road. He's calling it a major public health issue and says that "if left unchecked, it could 'cause tens of thousands of deaths, millions of illnesses.'" (NY Times Article)
This is a tribe in the Amazon that was discovered for the first time in 2008. This tribe has nearly no contact with the outside world. Researchers went to this tribe and took stool, mouth swab and skin samples from 34 members of the tribe. What they found is amazing. This tribe "contains perhaps the highest level of bacterial diversity ever reported in a human group." according to the Journal Science Advance, Yahoo Amazon Tribe article). They also found about 30 antibiotic resistant genes in this tribe that have never been discovered. These resistant genes would also make some of the newest antibiotics ineffective! This proved that bacterial resistance starts naturally in the human microbiota and that antibiotic use makes these resistant bacteria more intense.
Source on source slide.