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Pneumonia

Biology 20-AP, BMHS Project
by

Pia Alontave

on 29 March 2012

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Transcript of Pneumonia

Pneumonia By: Pia Alontave
Biology 20-AP
Which body system is affected by Pneumonia? The body system affected by pneumonia is the respiratory system. Pneumonia is an infection in the lungs which is one of the leading causes of death in the world. Your risk of catching pneumonia is higher if you are a child under the age of two years old, a senior citizen over the age of 65, a smoker, had a recent surgery or cold/flu, or already have other serious illnesses and health problems. There is more than one type of Pneumonia: Bacterial Pneumonia,
Viral Pneumonia, Mycoplasma Pneumonia, is when the lungs swell up from irritation. Antibiotics aren't used to treat this type of pneumonia, instead you can treat it by getting plenty of rest and drinking lots of tea, water or juice. is caused by bacteria, the most common bacteria that causes bacterial pneumonia is called pneumococcal pneumonia. Treatments that are used for this type of pneumonia is antibiotics, drinking lots of fluids and sometimes treatments that involve getting more oxygen into your body. is when a bacteria called Mycoplasma pneumoniae enters your lungs and infects it. This can be treated by antibiotics, having plenty of rest and drinking liquids. The cause and effects of Pneumonia The cause of pneumonia is from bacteria, viruses and fungus that accidentally go into your lungs when you breathe in or if they are sneaky enough to pass through your immune system. When germs get into your lungs they fill your alveoli sacks, the bacteria can grow and multiply in your lungs. They overcome or take over your immune system quickly. Pneumonia affects your breathing because there isn’t enough oxygen in your blood. Oxygen can’t get inside your body because it’s having difficulty reaching your blood causing your cells to not function properly. The effects that are present when you have pneumonia is when you have shaking chills, mild or high fever, having difficulty breathing, a stabbing pain in your heart when you breathe in, coughing up green or yellow colored mucus, and loss of appetite. For elders, confusion can also be a symptom. What technologies or techniques can be used to identify pneumonia? Doctors can use an x-ray or CT scan to check out your body and lungs, they can check if there are any fluids within your lungs. A technique used is a doctor will use a stethoscope to hear your breathing, if he hears a crackle; it will be a sign that you have pneumonia. Also, they can check your white blood cell count. How pneumonia is treated and/or how symptoms are managed in an effort to restore homeostasis What are the current limitations and future possibilities of medical technologies? Pneumonia is treated and can be managed by oxygen therapy to increase oxygen intake in your body because pneumonia makes breathing difficult. The patient can also take antibiotics to help destroy bacteria, antibiotics do not work with viral pneumonia though. Drinking fluids like water, juice and tea instead of alcohol. By treating pneumonia, you can restore homeostasis in your lungs. The current limitations of medical technologies is that x-rays can only stay on for too long before it shuts down and you would have to wait for it to cool down before you could use it once again. The x-ray image of the body would only be high quality for a bit. Also, the images aren't able to become 3D. With that problem, no one can know for sure where the foreign object is. It could either be deep or just close to the surface of the skin.

Future possibilities of medical technologies are technologies that are more personalized to treat the patient's exact diseases. Also, the future technologies could be faster in showing results. The medical technologies in the future are going to be safer and less damaging to the Earth and our bodies because of radiation. Description of how the disorder/lifestyle choice directly affects a body system Pneumonia directly affects the respiratory body system by having germs enter your lungs that can make you have difficulty with breathing. When you have pneumonia, mucus and pus fill your air sacs which make them swell up and are not able to function effectively. Description of how pneumonia indirectly affects other body systems. The End By: Pia Alontave Pneumonia indirectly affects the digestive system because when people have pneumonia one of the symptoms they might have is lack of appetite which causes less food to be digested. Our immune System is affected when we have pneumonia because the cause for pneumonia is germs which kill cells and let the white blood cells go into action. The ability to fight this disease is weakened because their immune system wouldn't be working properly.
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