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Sonia's Japan Project

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guildford public

on 2 August 2013

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Transcript of Sonia's Japan Project

by Sonia Lingad

Contents Page
Regions of Japan (map)
Japan is located in the eastern area of Asia. It's in the Pacific Ocean and in the Northern Hemisphere. There are over 3 000 islands in Japan. The main islands are Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu and Shikoku. The capital city of Japan is Tokyo. The population of Japan is ~126 475 664 (July 2011, '~' is approximation). The land area is 377,915 sq km. Japan is east of China, Russia and Korea.
Climate and Weather
Flora and Fauna
1. Regions of Japan (map)
2. Climate and Weather
3. Flora and Fauna
4. Landmarks
5. Industries and Trade
6. Clothing and Housing
7. Food and Culture
8. Language and numbers
9. Schooling and Education
10. Bibliography
Industries and Trade
Clothing and Housing
Food and culture
Language and Numbers
Schooling and
There are four seasons in Japan.
Winter (December-February): The weather is a bit sunny in the coast near the Pacific Ocean. The northern and central area have snowfall.
Spring (March-May): The climate is warm and there's not a lot of rain. Cherry blossoms bloom in this season.
Summer (June-August): In Summer, it's hot and a humid. The temperatures can reach up to 30°C or higher.
Autumn (September-November): There are cool temperatures and gentle breezes. Exhibitions, sport
tournaments and music concerts are held during this season.
There are many different types flora and fauna in Japan.
* Sakura (English name is cherry)
* Ume (English name is Japanese plum)
* Momiji (English name is Japanese maple)
* Matsu (English name is pine)
* Take (English name is bamboo)
List of flora
Birds: Herons, comorants, swans, cranes ducks live in water areas such as lakes, rivers. Sparrows, robins, swallows, nightingales and thrushes are also found in Japan.
Mammals: Ryukuyu rabbits and spiny mice are one of the rodents. Sika deer and Japanese macaque (a red faced monkey)
There are many landmarks in Japan. The famous
landmarks in Japan include:
Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji is the largest mountain in Japan. The height is 3.766km high. It is located in the island, Honshu. It's really cold at Mount Fuji.
Osaka Castle
The exports from Japan include electronics like cars devices and computers. Japan's trade partners are USA, China, South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, Hong Kong, Germany and Thailand.

The imports in Japan include raw materials (oil, food and
wood.) Japan usually buy the imports from China, USA,
Australia, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia and United Arab Emirates.
Industries in Japan include manufacturing (machinery),
construction, distribution.
After World War II, the way of life in Japan changed due to people moving from the countryside to cities. All Japanese homes have tatami floor. People take off their shoes so they can keep the floors clean.
Kimonos are the traditional clothing in Japan. They have
long sleeves and long enough to reach the heels. Kimonos
are worn in events like in weddings, Shichi-Go-San
festivals and graduation ceremonies. A yukata is
something children and young adults wear.
An important food in meals is rice. In Japanese meals,
the meals usually have rice, the main dish, the side dish,
soup and vegetables that have been pickled. Japanese people eat with chopsticks. They also eat a variety of
other food like bread, noodles, pasta, fruits and vegetables.
In Japan, there are traditional performing arts. These
include kabuki, noh, kyogen and bunraku. The story in Noh can be told by singing (utai), musical escort (hayashi) or dancing (mai). Bunraku is a puppet theater. Kabuki is a classical theater. Actors in kabuki wear wasteful clothes, they put on flamboyant makeup (called kumadori). Men can even play female roles.
One - ichi
Two - ni
Three - san
Four - Shi
Five - go
Six - roku
Seven - shichi
Eight - hachi
Nine - kyuu
Ten - juu
Yes - hai
No - iie
Good morning - ohayougozaimasu
Thank you - arigato
Please - onegaishimasu
I am sorry - gomennasai
Goodbye - sayonara
I'm home - tadaima
Hiragana: Hiragana is similar to English because the letters have their own sound.
Katakana: Katakana is for words that are not native to the Japanese language.
Kanji: Kanji was originated from China. The Japanese people engaged it to their language. They did this by adding Japanese meanings.
There are three different types of schools in Japan, they are Elementary school, Middle School, High School and University. Elementary school lasts for 6 years, middle school and high school lasts for 3 years and university lasts for 4 years. Children attend school after their sixth birthday. They attend in April. Maths, science, social studies, physical education, crafts and traditional Japanese arts are taught in school. They also learn haiku. Haiku is a Japanese poem. There are seventeen syllables. The first line has five syllables, the second line has seven syllables and the third line has five syllables. The students clean classrooms, halls and yards. They eat lunch with their teacher in classroom. The food is prepared from school. Students are required to wear school uniform in middle and high schools.
Boys' uniform consists of pants and jackets while girls' uniform consists of a two piece suit with sailor collar and skirts. Sometimes, they wear blazers.

Traditional Japanese homes are unique because they are thought to have lifespan. Homes made out of wood are knocked down and rebuilt after twenty years while homes made out of brick are knocked down and rebuilt after thirty years. They have these rooms:
Entrance (genkan): The genkan is a small area that's the same level as the outside. Japanese people take off their shoes before entering. They point the tips towards the outside.
Kitchen: Instead of using ovens, people use microwaves. The kitchen has other appliances like refrigerator and fish grill . It's rare for kitchens to have built-in dishwashers.
Bathroom (ofuro): Unlike western homes, the bathroom an the toilet are separated. The ofuro has the bath and the shower. A washing machine can also be in an ofuro. Japanese people sit down on a seat to take a shower.
Toilet: It's separated from the bathroom because toilets used to have a dirty image. Japanese people used to have squat toilets but now they washlets. The features of a washlet includes a recyclable water system, heated seat and the sink is on top of the toilet.
Living room (Ima): There's a lot of space in an Ima. The size of the room can changed by modifying the partitioning. The room has a table where people sit and consume tea. Japanese people don't use chairs. Instead, they use cushions.
Washitsu: A washitsu is the traditional Japanese room. It can be used as a family room during the day and a bedroom during the night. Instead of using drapes, shoji is used to cover the windows. Fusuma is used to separate the rooms. The floor in this room are covered with tatami mats. When you walk on the tatami mats, you'll get the experience of walking on grass.
Other landmarks include:
* Seto Sea
* Ushiku Daibutsu
* Meiji Mura Museum and Theme Park
* Daibutsu of Kamakura
* Nintoku Mausoleum
Osaka Castle is one of the well known castles in Japan. Toyotomi Hideyoshi built the castle in 1583.
There are three types of writing in Japan.
38 animals in Japan are native to Japan. Japan has the largest amphibian, the giant salamander.
A Japanese macaque.
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