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Chapter 7: Sexuality in Adulthood
Transcript of Chapter 7: Sexuality in Adulthood
Models of Sexual Orientation
New Social Context of Singlehood
Outcomes from the increase of single adults
Greater sexual experience
Increased number of singles who have never married, been divorced, or widowed
Widespread acceptance of cohabitation
Increased number of abortions and births to single women
Greater numbers of separated and divorced men & women
A rise in the number of single-parent families
Sexuality in Early Adulthood
Establishing sexual orientation
Integrating love and sex
Making fertility/childbearing decisions
Practicing safe sex to protect against STIs
Evolving a Sexual Philosophy
The transition from adolescence to adulthood causes a reevaluation of moral standards
Must learn to evolve a new philosophical perspective
Statistics of Sexual Orientation
US: 1-4% of males & females consider themselves other than heterosexual
10-15% report at least occasional sexual attraction to or sexual fantasy about their same sex
The Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual Identity Process
: feelings of sexual attractio to members of the same sex
: situation dependent flexibility in the gender of a woman's sexual attraction
: a set of negative attitudes and affects towards homosexuality in other persons & towards same sex attraction in oneself
Establishing Sexual Orientation
Most people develop a heterosexual identity by adolescence or young adulthood which is approved by society. However, for gay, lesbian, bisexual or unsure, their development features more doubt and anxiety
Important not only for intellectual development but also for social development
Dating is similar to high school dating
Four Moral Standards of Nonmarital Sexuality
Permissiveness with emotional affection
Permissiveness without emotion
Men and women included in the singles world are older than college students
Generally working and in school
Emphasize recreation and entertainment, sociability, and physical attractiveness
Introductions are by friends, internet, parties, social, and religious events
Sexual experimentation and activity are important for many singles
In late nineteenth century, groups of gay men and lesbian women began congregation in their own secret clubs and bars
Practice of living together and having a sexual relationship
Has become more widespread and accepted in recent years for several reasons
Benefit relationships that involve gay men and lesbian women
Sexuality in Middle Adulthood
Redefining sex in marital or other long term relationships
Reevaluating one's sexuality
Accepting the biological aging process
Sexuality in Established Relationships
Frequency of sexual intercourse:
Newly married couples have sex on an average of 3 times a week
Middle aged couples have sex only 1-2 times a week
Couples over 50 have sex on average once a week or less
Sexual Satisfaction & Pleasure
Higher levels of sexual satisfaction & pleasure seem to be found in marriage than in singlehood or extra marital relationships
50% of married men report high levels of physical and emotional satisfaction
40-45% of women report the same
Divorce & After
Research says, divorce wouldn't occur if we did not have such high expectations, for marriages ability to fulfill various needs.
Consequences of divorce:
There is a change of income.
There are significantly more problem on a child.
There is often stigmatization by family, friends, and co-workers.
Dating & Single Life
When you are single or divorce and start the dating process again or for a first time. You may feel excited but nervous. Many wonder about how they look, what their partner may think, and how the date may go.
You will find more single parent mothers than single parent fathers. White woman are more likely to have a divorce than any other race. The single people suffer more, when it comes to wanting sex vs a couple.
Stereotypes of Aging
The belief that aging is lonely and depressing is false, many studies show high levels of satisfaction & well being
Sexual interest is appropriate of 25 year old males but inappropriate for 75 year old males
Difficulty believing older adults can fall in deep, intense love
Sexual desires are not strong and do not participate frequently in sexual encounters
Sexuality in Late Adulthood
Death of a partner
Sexuality in Aging
Although men & women tend to view sexuality differently, it remains and essential element of individuals 45 and older
• As men approach their 50s, they generally fear the loss of their sexual capacity and not their attractiveness.
• In contrast women, generally fear the loss of their attractiveness’ and not their sexuality.
It was found that most Americans remain regularly sexually active into their 70s. Research is conducted on how sexually active older individuals are because sex is an important indicator of health.
: occurs between ages 45-55 but can happen from 30s-50s. Ovaries produce less estrogen and progesterone and ovulation becomes less regular
: average age for menopause is 51, occurs when there has been a complete absence of a menstrual cycle for a year. Physical effects includes hot flashes, insomnia and changes in sexual interest. Menstrual Horman Therapy (MHT) and Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) usually help with symptoms
Changes in male's sexual responsiveness begins in their 40s-50s
As a man ages, his frequency of sexual activity declines and achieving erection requires more stimulation and time, however; sexual interest and enjoyment generally do no decrease.
Poor general health, diabetes, urinary incontinence, and some medications can contribute to sexual function problems
Over half of men over 50 are affected by Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy which is an enlargment of the prostate gland.
: Whoa! You are a sex feind…a lot to handle but not for the right person
: You need to loosen up. Take the lead, don’t be afraid!
: You are a hopeless romantic waiting for your prince/princess to come rescue you
: Close to perfect. You have a great balance between aggressiveness & submissiveness to make he/she want you more
: Either you’ve had no experience or you just need to loosen up!