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1609-2012 Timeline of Space Exploration
Transcript of 1609-2012 Timeline of Space Exploration
Publication of Principa ultimateuniverse.net William Moore (British Mathematician) published a book called Treatise on the Motion of Rockets. This book has the first recordings of rocket mechanics based off of Newtons Third law, For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. 1813
First Exposition of Rocket Mechanics nasa.gov United States rocket scientist Robert H. Goddard gets patents on his two rockets. One described a multiple stage rocket and the other was a rocket fueled with gasoline and liquid nitrous oxide. These two rockets became major milestones in rocketry. 1914
Goddard's Rocket Patents The Soviet Union forms this society for the studies of traveling to different planets. The group would be the first Soviet rocket society. The starting members were Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Friedrich Zander and Yuri Kondratyuk. 1924
Soviet Rocket Society Formed Robert H. Goddard launched the first liquid fueled rocket ever! From his aunt's farm in Massachusetts. The rocket went to a height of only 41 feet and reached a speed of 61 mph. Although this flight only lasted two and a half seconds, this paved the road for the U.S. rocket program. March 16, 1926
First Liquid Fueled Rocket Launched Nazi Germany had two previous failures but after these two failures they successfully launch their V-2 rocket. It is the first man-made spacecraft to achieve sub-orbital spaceflight. It reached 62 miles above the surface of the earth. This type of rocket is the base design of all modern rocketry. 1942
First Suborbital Flight The United States military has its first high altitude flight. This flight reaches 71 miles above earth and took place in New Mexico. For this flight they used a rebuilt German V-2 rocket. May 10, 1946
First U.S. High Altitude Flight barewalls.com The first ever American designed rocket is launched. This rocket was also launched from New Mexico and reached an altitude of 50 miles above earth's surface. This rocket was called Wac Corporal. This also became the first flight to ever reach five times the speed of sound! May 22, 1946
First American-Designed Rocket Reaches Space The United States sent Fruit flies into space. They are the first animals to ever be sent to space. They were inside of a V-2 rocket launched from New Mexico. Inside with the flies were several vials containing fruit flies, rye seeds, and cotton seeds all of which were retrieved intact. February 20, 1947
First Animals in Space The Soviet Union launches the first ICBM. This ballistic missile was named the R-7 Semyorka and traveled a total distance of 3,728 miles and would later be used to launch the first artificial satellite. August 21, 1957
First Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Weighing only 30 pounds, America's first satellite was launched on this date. This satellite was named Explorer 1 and was launched by the U.S. Army on a Jupiter-C rocket. This mission discovered the radiation belts around earth. January 31, 1958
First American Satellite en.wikipedia.org The United States Government creates the Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). It took over the responsibilities of National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics. October 1, 1958
NASA is Born tfaws.nasa.gov A Russian satellite called Luna 1 was designed to hit the moon, instead this spacecraft missed the moon and got flung out into space. This became the first man made object to orbit around the sun. January 2, 1959
First Spacecraft to Achieve Solar Orbit Another Russian satellite named Luna 2 was launched. The next day it hit the moon.This was the first man made object that had ever made contact with the moon! September 12, 1959
First Spacecraft to Impact on the Moon nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov Luna 3 was launched and orbited the moon. This satellite took pictures of 70% of the moons far side. This was the first view humans had of the far side of the moon. October 4, 1959
First View of Moon's Far Side The first successful weather satellite was named Tiros 1 and was launched by the United States. There was two television cameras that sent videos of clouds back to earth. This satellite only worked for 78 days but proved to the world that satellites could be useful in meteorology. April 1, 1960
First Weather Satellite Russian Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin became the first man in space. His spacecraft was named Vostok 1 and made one orbit around the earth in 108 minutes. The max height was 203 miles above earth's surface. The entire flight lasted one hour and 48 minutes. April 12, 1961
First Man in Space A spacecraft called Mariner 4 gave scientists their first view of Mars at close range. The photos didn't show any sign of previous or current life on the planet. This gave the first close-ups of Mars. July 14, 1965
First Close-up Images of Mars Apollo 11 made the first successful landing on the moon.Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin are the first human beings to step foot on another world. One of the most famous quotes in the world was said when they set foot on the big gray moon.
"One small step for man, one giant step for mankind"
-Neil Armstrong July 20, 1969
First Manned Moon Landing minnesota.publicradio.org The first space station ever was in orbit until May 28, 1973. This space station was named the Salyut 1 and was launched by the U.S.S.R. April 19, 1971
First Space Station The Soviet's Venera 13 lands on Venus and receives sound and soil samples. The first soil and sound samples from another world! March 1, 1982
First Venus Soil Samples space.skyrocket.de On this date the first infrared orbital observatory was put into space by the U.S., the United Kingdom and the Netherlands. The mission name was Indian Railway Accounts Service or IRAS. January 25, 1983
First Infrared Orbital Observatory librarising.com On this date Pioneer 10 made it past the orbit of Neptune. This was launched by the U.S. The space probe reached a distance of 12 billion kilometers away from Earth before losing connection. This probe was launched on March 2, 1972 from Cape Canaveral, Florida. It lost connection in 2003; the mission lasted 30 years, 10 months and 22 days. June 13, 1983
First spacecraft beyond the orbit of Neptune crazykid.edublogs.org On this day the first untethered spacewalk took place. Astronauts McCandless and Stewart were the space walkers, they ventured 98 meters from the spacecraft. February 3, 1984
First Untethered Spacewalk NASA's Voyager 1 takes a picture of the whole solar system for the first time. This was the first time people got to see an actual picture of the whole universe without it being a drawing. February 14, 1990
First Photograph of the Whole Solar System The Hubble Space Telescope was launched by the U.S. and the ESA (European Space Agency). It is the most powerful telescope, not because of its size but because of its key positioning. The reason for its key positioning is that it's in space, therefore it does not have to be big because it doesn't have to deal with Earth's atmosphere. April 24, 1990
Optical Orbital Observatory December 7, 1995
First Orbit of Jupiter On this date the first orbit of Jupiter was finished by an American probe named Galileo. The United States' NEAR Shoemaker was the first device to ever orbit an asteroid. The asteroids name is 433 Eros. This asteroid was very close to Earth and the second biggest recorded (near Earth). February 14, 2000
First Orbiting of an Asteroid On this date a United States space mission successfully orbited Mercury. The mission was called MESSENGER and was launched on August 3, 2004. March 18, 2011
First Orbit of Mercury On this day the Mars space rover, Curiosity, lands on Mars to look for signs of life. This rover is still on Mars today and continues to get us data and pictures from Mars. 8 August 2012
Curiosity THE END