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Giant Panda

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Ioana Ibanescu

on 15 April 2014

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Transcript of Giant Panda

The Giant Panda
Identification
The giant panda is in the family Ursidae. This is the bear family. It is in the carnivora order. The genus and species is Ailuropoda Melanoleuca.
geologic time scale and 1st appearance on earth.
The panda's placement on the Geologic time scale is the Phanerozoic Eon, the Cenozoic Era, the Quaternary period, and the Holocene Epoch. The panda appeared about 11.6 million years ago. This is where the earliest panda related fossil was ever found.
location and habitat
The panda bear lives on the mountain ranges of China, Sichvan, Shanxi, and the Gansu provinces in Asia. They like to live in the dense understory of forests of bamboo. These forests have torrential rains often and dense mist.
trophic levels, predator or prey, and consumer/producer
The giant panda is prey, because it is hunted by jackals, leopards, and the yellow-throated marten. It is also a predator to fish and some small mammals. The giant panda is a consumer; it does not make its food.
carnivore, herbivore, or omnivore, Community status, and primary food source
The giant panda is an omnivore. The community status of giant pandas is very different for all pandas. Most adult pandas are solitary, but they communicate from time to time with scent marks, calls, and they occasionally meet with each other. Cubs generally stay with their mother from the time they are born to about three years of age. The giant panda's primary food source is bamboo, but they occasionally hunt for fish or small mammals.
images of present day panda
geologic events
Some geologic events that occurred during the early panda were the oxygen-isotopic event. Also, the geography of the earth moved drastically. Australis-New Guinea drifted north and collided with Asia. Antarctica also drifted south to it's current position today. North and South America attached, and India impacted with Asia.
image of fossils
Comparison of anatomies
adaptations
The giant panda has acquired many adaptations since the time of it's ancestors. For one, they developed a pseudo (false) thumb so they can better grasp bamboo. Cubs have stronger skulls so that if they fall from trees they will not get hurt too badly. Stronger legs were developed to help with moving around a lot. Also, stronger stomachs were developed to digest the tough bamboo they eat.
bibliogrophy
Images:

http://scienceblogs.com/laelaps/2010/04/13/life-in-the-trees-not-bamboo-s/

http://www.nexusholidays.com/

GroupToursPackages.aspx?pid=121

http://www.iorise.com/?attachment_id=283

http://giant-panda.com/mother-baby.html

http://www.lovethesepics.com/2013/06/beautiful-bamboo-forests-40-pics/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Food_web

http://www.weidert.com/whole_brain_marketing_blog/bid/106658/Panda-3-7-How-Does-it-Affect-Your-Search-Engine-Optimization-SEO

http://www.athro.com/evo/pthumb.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparative_anatomy

http://design.tutsplus.com/articles/how-to-draw-animals-bears-and-pandas-and-their-anatomy--vector-22853

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giant_panda

http://www.talismancoins.com/servlet/Detail?no=2301

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1506538/Pandas-give-thumbs-up-to-theory-of-evolution.html

Giant Panda
There were also some biological changes in the environment. Non-avian (non flying) dinosaurs became extinct. Also, the first humans appeared at this time. This era was the dawn of new life, where a lot of new species were introduced. Mammals also appeared at this time in history.
Websites:

Bhanoo, Sindya N. “Ancient Bear May Be Ancestor of Giant Panda.” The New York Times. The New York Times, 19 Nov. 2012, web.10 Apr. 2014

Fan, Junxuan. “ICS-Chart/Time Scale.” ICS-Chart/Time scale. 2013 International Commission Stratigraphy, n.d. web. 10 Apr. 2014

"food for giant panda ." wwf. N.p., 29 08 2000. Web. 10 Apr 2014. <http://worldwildlife.custhelp.com/app/answers/detail/a_id/78/~/food-for-giant-panda. >

"Panda's natural enemies and defences." WWF Global. N.p.. Web. 10 Apr 2014. <http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/endangered_species/giant_panda/panda/kung_fu_panda_enemies_defences/>.

"Giant Pandas." Smithsonian National Zoological Park. N.p.. Web. 10 Apr 2014. <http://nationalzoo.si.edu/Animals/GiantPandas/pandaFacts/default.cfm>.

Coffey, Jerry. "Cenozoic Era." Universe Today RSS. N.p., 14 Dec. 2009. Web. 14 Apr. 2014. <http://www.universetoday.com/47473/cenozoic-era/>.

"Important, Interesting and Adaptations." Giant Panda. Weebly, n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2014. <http://thecoolgiantpanda.weebly.com/important-interesting-and-adaptations.html>.
Full transcript