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Transcript of Box Hill
SAC-Special Area of Conservation
AONB-Area of Oustanding Natural Beauty
Part of metropolitan green belt.
Does tourism at Box Hill negatively impact the environment in the area?
The UK's only tarantula, the Purseweb spider, is found at Box Hill.
There is also the Box Bug which was believed to only be found at Box Hill until recently.
The ash black slug is situated in Box Hill. It is the worlds largest slug.
In improved grassland, there are on average about five species in a square meter.
In unimproved chalk grassland, there are on average 40 to 50 species found in one square meter. This is because everything is completely natural in unimproved chalk grassland.
Box Hill is called Box hill as it holds 40% of the population of wild box trees in the UK.
Box hill also holds many rare plants including orchids.
Box Hill opened around 200 years ago for people from London to get away from the noise and business of the city, and come and enjoy the countryside. Box Hill was given to the National Trust by Leopold Salomons in 1914. People back then got to Box Hill by train, from Westhumble Station, and then walked to the top of the hill.
Box Hill is approximately 1200 acres big. That is about the size of 1000 football pitches!
Around 1 million people visit Box Hill every year. They visit for many reasons including road and mountain cycling, walking, admiring the view and the countryside, to study the history of the site or for a Geography field trip!
-Nutrient poor soils
Clay with flints
-Nurient rich soils
My main aim was to see how the different locations in Box Hill were affected by tourism. My secondary aim was to survey the different plant types found at Burford Spur and the average soil depth.
Trampling investigation: For the Trampling Investigation, we used a quadrat and laid it down on every other metre across the path. We searched through the quadrat for different plant types, and then recorded our results on paper. Then, to find out the soil depth
by the path, we put our our
quadrat on every
other metre again and stuck a
soil pin into each corner of the
quadrat and in the center. Then we
pulled the soil pin out and measured how far up the mud was on the pin. After we had gathered all our results for the trampling investigation we made an average, and then got the results for the part of the path that we didn't do from another group.
By Daniel Stick
Explanation of results
Environmental Impact Assessment:
Looking at the results recorded on my first graph, I can see that the Viewpoint has been the most impacted by tourism. Before recording the results, I thought that the Visitor Centre would be the most impacted by tourism, but I was wrong. I think the reason that the Visitor Centre was, suprisingly, not the most affected area, is that the people working at the Visitor Centre must go to a lot of trouble to prevent litter covering the floor and make sure people pick up their dog's waste.
Also, I think that maybe the date and time that we came to the Visitor Centre was a quiet time for tourism in the area, and this meant that on our survey, the Visitor centre got a 2 for noise, better than the viewpoint which got a three on the scale. The main reason that the Viewpoint got a total score of 15 was that there were lots of glass bottles scattered around by the grass, and there were also small sweet wrappers. Another reason that we thought the Viewpoint was the most affected by tourism was that it was by the side of the road which meant that there were lots of noisy cars speeding past. I think that Burford Spur had the best score in the Environmental Impact Survey because there was a lot of space, the air was very clean and there was no vandalism, even thougn Burford Spur had the highest score for dog fouling out of all the locations we visited.
Examining my results from the Trampling Investigation table, I can see that the further away from the path, the higher frequency of plants found. I think this happened because when people walk on the path, it wears away all the plants and becuase everyone walks on the path and not in the deep grass, there will be a smaller number of plants worn away 10m from the path, for example. Also, when we were investigating the maximum plant height along a transect of 10 metres, I discovered that, in general, as we got further away from the path, the plants are taller. This is probably because of the same factor that determined the frequency of plants investigation, (when people walk on the path, it wears away the ground).
Explanation of results
Environmental Impact Assessment: In order to collect our results for the EIA Investigation, we went to all four locations - Lodge Hill, Burford Spur, the Viewpoint and the Visitor's Centre - and judged how noisy the area was, how much space and how many people were there, how much dog litter was on the floor, the quality of the atmosphere around us, how much litter was on the ground and the amount of vandalism found in each area. We had to take into account that most of the noise made and space taken up in each of the areas was by us, chatting and walking around Box Hill.
Distance from the Path
Number of Plants
Max Plant Height in an area of 10 meters from the path on Burford Spur
Going back over all my results and analysis, I can see that tourism definitely affects Box Hills vegetation.
The results that I have recorded show that in the areas where there are the highest levels of tourists, they are affected much more heavily than places where fewer people visit. As mentioned in the explanation of my Trampling results, it seems that because more people walk on the path than on the long grass, they wear away the vegetation on the path, meaning the path is impacted much more than the grass next to the path where we found higher levels of plant species and taller plants, in general.
Of course, your results will always depend on the time of year that you visit Box Hill and the weather. For example, if like when we visited, it is raining, people will be put off from visiting Box Hill which will make an impact on the levels of tourists enjoying the views and landscape.
If I could go back to Box Hill, to make my results more accurate, I would use a decibel meter to measure exactly the noise levels of each particular place studied in the Environmental Impact Assessment and would try and get an accurate system that we could use to determine a score of two to a score of three. For example, we could say that if we found three dog litters, we would give it a score of 3 on the scale and if we found a couple of glass bottles on the floor we would give a score of 2. The problem with just estimating the score of each factor is everyone will have different answers, and we will not know an exact answer. To sum up, using scientific methods will benefit our results greatly.
It was a shame that when we visited Box Hill as a school, the weather was so miserable, and I think that the weather did greatly affect our results. Even though the weather was so bad, I really enjoyed visiting Box Hill, and I would definitely like to go there again, (hopefully when it is sunny).
Box Hill in the 19th Century
Thank you for reading my prezi