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Flex: England and France Struggle for POWER
Transcript of Flex: England and France Struggle for POWER
named for two Germanic tribes (Angles and Saxons) that invaded England after the Romans left around 450.
several independent kingdoms divided into districts called shires
Governed by the shire reeve or sheriff.
But the normans!
William of Normandy claims the throne, but the Anglo-Saxons refuse and pick Edward’s brother-in-law Harold of Wessex.
William, known as William the Conqueror leads Norman invasion of England and defeats Harold in October 1066 at the Battle of Hastings.
King edward dies, but has no sons! = no heirs
Crowned King William I in December 1066.
Introduces Norman (French) laws, language, and customs to England
So what does it all mean?
Tension between a primarily english people and the french
What did willy do?
1.William establishes a feudal system in England (1066-1087) where the king had the ultimate authority and the nobles pledged their allegiance to him.
2.Strong, efficient, well-financed government.
3.Collected information on population, wealth, property in all the shires to assess taxes- survey called the Domesday Book.
excerpt from the book:
Donkey, Hugh - Probably served under Earl William FitzOsbern defending West against the Welsh. Lands later formed the Honour of Snodhill. Holdings in Gloucs., Herefords., Shrops., Wilts., Worcs.
Douai, Walter de - Also called Walscin, a nick-name. From Douai, Nord. Holdings in Devon, Essex, Somerset, Surrey, Wilts.
Durham, William, Bishop of - Bishop of Durham, 1082-96. Chief justice and Domesday commissioner, driven from see by William Rufus. Abbey holdings in 9 counties from Yorks. to Beds.
4.sent judges throughout England to try court cases.
5.Henry II- rules from 1154-1189- creates new army from nobles fees, traveling judges established circuits or routes
- Two kinds of juries developed
- The GRAND JURY decided whether
people should be convicted of a crime
- The TRIAL JURY decided whether an accused
person was guilty or innocent
King John Likes to tax
Sign it or else!
Protected the rights of the people
Limited the amount of taxes the king could collect without the vassals permission
"No taxation without representation" was the argument during the American revolution
Rights were granted to the People Like
-Freedom of religion
-The right to bare arms