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Copy of Chapter 17: Rizal in Brussels

Report for History 104 - E! :D

Paola Jem Pamatian

on 30 April 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Chapter 17: Rizal in Brussels

IN LA SOLIDARIDAD Brussels Important
Details (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr (cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr (cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr Rizal in Brussels Rizal left Paris for Brussels (1)Cost of living in Paris was very high because if international exposition (2) The gay social life of the city hampered his literary works, especially El Filibusterismo Marcelo H. Del Pilar and
Valentin Ventura – thought that he left because he was running away from a girl Valentin Ventura offered to let
Rizal live with him without paying
rent because of: Sense of dignity and would not
accept charity from any man. Rizal and Jose Albert lived in
a boarding house on
38 Rue Philippe Champagne
(run by two Jacoby sisters) Albert left the city and was
replaced by Jose Alejandro
(engineering student) Rizal was writing his second novel,
El Fili, and articles for La Solidaridad,
and letters to his family & friends He spent part of his
time in the medical
clinic as a physician For recreation, he had
gymnastics, target
practice and fencing •Rizal favored Lopez JAena’s founding of La Solidaridad in order to have an organ of propaganda
•Rizal’s two pen names: (1) Dimas Alang and (2) Laong Laan (ever ready)
•Rizal’s articles from 1889 to 1890:
1.“La Verdad Para Todos” (The Truth for All), issue of May 31, 1889
-first article in La Solidaridad
2.“Verdades Nuevas” (New Truths), July 31, 1889
3.“Una Profanacion” (A Profanation), July 31, 1889
-biting attack against the friars for refusing to bury Mariano Herbosa in catholic cementery because he was the brother in law of Rizal.
4.“Deferencias” (Differences), September 15, 1889
5.“Filipinas dentro de Cien” (The Philippines A century Hence), serially on Sept. 30,
Oct 31, Dec. 15, 1889 and Feb. 01, 1890
- the prophecy that someday Filipinos will rise in revolution against the Spaniards and win their independence, but later the Philippines shall come under the rule of the United States.
6. “Ingratitudes” (Ingratitudes), January 15, 1890
-reply to Governor-General Weyler. While visiting Laguna Province with Dominicans, said that the people, “should not let themselves be deceived by the vain promises of ungrateful sons.”
7. “Sin Nobre” (without Name), February 28, 1890
8. “Sobre la Nueva Ortografia de la Lengua Tagala” (On the New Orthography of the Tagalong Language), April 15, 1890
-advocates the use of a new spelling in tagalong
9.”Cosas de Filipinas” (Things about the Philippines),April 30, 1890
10.”Sobre Ia Indolencia de los Filipinos” (On the Indolence of the Filipinos)
-brilliant essay in the defense of Filipino indolence •Rizal received news from Juan Luna and Valentin Ventura that Filipinos in Spain were destroying the good name of their nation by gambling too much.
•Rizal wrote to M.H del Pilar on May 28, 1890 to remind Filipinos in Madrid that they did not come to Europe to gamble, but to work for their fatherland’s freedom.
•Rizal’s moralizing angered the gambling Filipinos, therefore they called him “papa” (pope) instead of “pepe”
BAD NEWS FROM HOME Rizal received a letter from home that worried him.
The Calamba agrarian trouble was getting worse.
The management of the Dominican Hacienda continually raised the land rents until such time that Rizal’s father refused to pay his rent. Also other tenants refused to pay their rents.
June 6, 1890- Rizal wrote a letter to his sister Saturnina. Presentation
of Death In despair Rizal had bad dreams during nights in Brussels.
although he is not superstitious, he feared that he would not live long.
He was not afraid to die, but he wants to finish his second novel before he went to his grave.
June 11, 1890- Rizal divulged to M. H. Del Pilar.
Preparation to Go Home Rizal decided to go home because he could not stay in Brussels writing a book while his parents, relatives, and friends were in despair.
Hearing that Graciano Lopez jaena was planning to go to Cuba, he wrote to Ponce on July 9, 1890 opposing Graciano’s plan of action. He said that Graciano should not go to Cuba to die of wellow fever, instead he “ought to go to the Philippines to allow himself to be killed in defense of his deals.

July 29, 1890- Rizal announced that he was leaving Bussels at the beginning of the following month and would arrive in Madrid about 3rd to 4th (August). July 18, 1890- Rizal wrote another letter to Ponce.

All his friends, including Blumentritt, Jose Ma. Basa, and Ponce, were horrified by Rizal’s plan to return to the Philippines. They warned him of the danger that awaited him at home.
On to Madrid, Instead of Home Something suddenly happened that made him change his mind. It was a letter from Paciano which related that they lost the case against the Dominicans in Manila. But they appealed i to the Supreme Court in Spain. But the lawyer was needed to handle it in Madrid. To my Muse During those sad days when he was worried by family disasters, He wrote his pathetic poem, A Mi... This poem lacks the exquisitry of To the Flowers of Heidelberg and is less polished that To the Filipino Youth, but it is a passionate in feeling.
Romance with Suzanne Jacoby Two things brought some measure of cheer to the desponent Rizal, as he was preparing for his trip to Madrid:

First was the summer festival of Belgium, which was celebrated in carnival style --- with colorful costumes, fantastic floats, and many days of laughter.
Second was his romance with Suzanne Jacoby, the petite niece of his landladies. Rizal was so charming and dignified a gentleman that Suzanne Jacoby was attracted to him. He was lonely in strange country --- and Leonor Rivera was so far away.
Suzanne Jacoby fell in love with Rizal. She cried when he left toward the end of July, 1890 for Madrid, stopping for a few days in Paris. Although Rizal was in faraway Madrid, Suzanne could not forget him. She wrote a letter to Rizal in French.
Rashnurmie ine Marie Mandi Jacqueline Paul Lim Y
i Thank You! Suzanne Jacoby
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